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Religion and Medicine.

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Introduction

Religion and Medicine In the UK every one in eight couple is affected with infertility, leaving about 2 million infertile couples, of which about 25% of males, 45% of female and 30% unknown are the causes of infertility. With the help of treatments so far there have been 21 000 test tube babies born so far, A quarter of which have been born in the last two years. The treatment costs about �2 000 per cycle and over 300 000 embryos have so far been produced, of these about 280 000 have been used for research or have died before birth. Multiple birth rates are higher than ever with 1774 twins, triplets and quadruplets (a third of all births) in the last 15 months. Overall 18.5% of IVF patients become pregnant and 15% have live babies are available, which is why more and more people are turning to medical treatments. There are eight treatments available to help infertile couples to have children, some of which are listed below:- > Artificial insemination by husband (AIH) can be used when the man's sperm count is low. It involves concentrating several semen samples and introducing this into the neck of the women's womb when she ovulates, this treatment has been available for more than 50 years. > IVF-In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) ...read more.

Middle

The Islamic view on infertility is that most Muslims accept IVF and AIH when couples are having fertility problems because they are simply using medicine to bring about the family life which all Muslims are expected to have. Islamicaly if a man's wife does not bring him children the alternative instead of fertility treatment he may marry again but not only a second time, he may marry up to four wives. "And if you feel you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphan girls, then marry (other) women of your choice, two or three, or four but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one or (the captives and the slaves) that your right hands possess. That is nearer to prevent you from doing injustice." (An Nisa 4:3) Although most Christians agree with transplant surgery and many Christians carry donor cards so their organs can be used for others after their death. Some Christians are apposed to transplant surgery using organs form dead people, but except transplants using organs donated by living relatives. They do not allow such organs to be paid for; the attitudes towards this argument are as listed below:- > Organs being transplanted from the dead to living are usurping the role of God, and humans have no right to act as God. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another reason is that life begins at the moment of conception whether in a womb or a glass dish. Some Christians, mainly liberal Protestants have the same view but do allow the use of human embryos because an embryo can not be regarded as potential human life until it is fourteen days old. Some other Christians are opposed to any form of genetic research at all, one reason for this attitude is that they believe genetic engineering is 'playing God' and that is considered a great sin for them. I agree with the view that some Muslims are apposed to genetic research in any form at all because they believe that the genetic make-up of each individual person has been established by God and only God can alter that make up, so altering the genetic make-up is 'playing God' which is the greatest sin. They also accept many non-religious arguments against genetic engineering. Some other Muslims believe that genetic engineering is a good thing as long as it is done for the cure of disease and not to produce 'perfect humans'. One reason for this attitude is that the Qur'an and Hadith teach that Muslims should do all they can to cure disease. ...read more.

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