• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

“What makes the Scientific Revolution (a) scientific and (b) Revolutionary?”

Extracts from this document...


Scott Sandoval

AP European History

Period B

December 1, 2001


“What makes the Scientific Revolution (a) scientific

and (b) Revolutionary?”

        For many scholars, the year 1543 is considered to be the beginning of the scientific revolution. This year marked Copernicus’s publication of, De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres) and Vesalius’s De Humani Corporis Fabrica (On the Structure of the Human Body). Spanning for more than a century and a half, man's conception of himself and the universe he inhabited was altered. Not only did the above modifications occur but the scholastic method of reasoning was replace by new, revolutionary scientific methods.

        Nicolas Copernicus (1473-1543), was born in Torun, Poland. He received higher educated in Italy for ten years starting from when he was twenty-three years old. While in Italy, among other things he studied the accepted astronomical system of the time, developed by Ptolemy. This system depicted the universe as

...read more.


Although Copernicus stated the main points about our universe, without the minor adjustments made by other scientist, Copernicus’s theory would have probably been rejected. Tyco Brahe (1546-1601) was a Danish astronomer. Although he never exclusively agreed with Copernicus, the data he amassed over the years played an essential role in the accurate description of planetary motion devised by Brahe’s own apprentice Johannes Kepler. Kepler used Brahe’s data to derive the Three Law’s of Planetary Motion. One of which was the revolutionary idea that planets traveled around the sun in elliptical orbits. The scientist that sealed the heliocentric belief was Galileo Galilei. By using a telescope, he discovered numerous things about our solar system. He discovered Jupiter’s four largest moons, known as the Galilean moons. He virtually closed the discussion on the heliocentric universe when he discovered the fact that the Sun had spots that if observed rotated.

...read more.


Mathematics is a more broad discipline and therefore had more modifications. John Napier developed the idea of logarithms. Today they are commonly known as exponents. They are used to abbreviate the function of a number multiplied by itself. Rene Descartes (1596-1650) developed the Cartesian coordinate system. Which is currently used to graph lines.

These new and revolutionary advancements could not have happened without the two chief, contemporary methods of reasoning. They were inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning. Inductive method of reasoning is the technique where specific observations and experiments led to the general hypotheses or theory. Deductive reasoning is the way of thinking where theories accounted for specific experimental results.

As displayed by the above examples the revolution, started in 1543, was not one of over throwing a king but instead one of advancing their ideas of a society. Although these ideas only reached the upper class they eventually spread to the rest of the general public. The thoughts of these great intellects had enormous effects on the way we live our lives today.

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE The Earth and Beyond section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE The Earth and Beyond essays

  1. When one begins to study satellites he or she is bound to find out ...

    While moving along the equator line, the satellite moves slightly up and down along the line forming a sort of figure eight. For a satellite to be put into this type of orbit a very powerful launch vehicle is needed.

  2. helium essay

    It remains liquid down to absolute zero at ordinary pressures, but will readily solidify by increasing the pressure. Solid 3He and 4He are unusual in that both can be changed in volume by more than 30% by applying pressure. The specific heat of helium gas is unusually high.

  1. Was the moon landing faked or not, is still debatable until today.

    If the current situation is explained likewise, then the shooting of Neil Armstrong taking his first step on the moon would be denied. In the earlier parts of the video, it is dark but when Neil Armstrong goes down the ladder, it gets brighter and brighter.

  2. The Sun, the largest fusion reactor in the Solar System, but for how long?

    The measured flux is 2.2 SNU, about one third of the predicted value. If the temperature of the Sun' s core were abut 10% lower than implied by the standard model it would explain the low flux of neutrinos; on the other hand, a lower core temperature would reduce the Sun's luminosity to well below the observed value.

  1. Form and Structure of the play 'Blood Wedding'.

    The tension and the pace continues rising, the atmosphere is starting to get deceitful as she doesn't want to marry the bridegroom and the mood becomes secretive. On the day of the wedding, we see that the atmosphere is confused, flustered and closed because I feel that the bride knows

  2. Sustaining life on Mars - the survival of the human race.

    The main aspect of terraforming is the changing in atmospheric conditions. There are four well-known ideas for terraforming Mars. They are fairly simple to understand but very difficult to implicate. The first method is to make mylar mirrors and position them in space.

  1. The revolution in history of Science and Technology.

    That was the theory that existed at the time of Copernicus. Copernicus was not the first one to come up with the idea of a sun-centered (heliocentric) universe. Not too long after Ptolemy theorized about the movement of the stars there was a man by the name of Aristarchus of Samos.

  2. GCSE Astronomy Revision Notes

    1. How do astronomers think the Moon was formed? * 4.3 billion years ago, an object the size of Mars collided with the Earth, ejecting debris into a disc around Earth. The rocks in this disc were attracted to one another due to gravity, forming the Moon. 1. What evidence is there to support the Moon formation theory?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work