• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Hybrid cars will change our future for the better - eliminating the use of fossil fuels.

Extracts from this document...


Will Hybrid cars will change our future for the better This project is designed to provide access to information for people about some of the technology available to us now that can reduce our fossil fuel usage, or possibly eliminate it all together, resulting in cleaner air and a better environment. Society is now taking its first baby steps towards eliminating its dependence on fossil fuels, and it starts with information and education about the alternatives that exist to power our lives for the future. We know that fossil fuels are a finite resource, and burning them is harmful to the environment, yet we don't want to give up our cars. The car has been so entrenched in our society that its unlikely to go away, but it will need to change dramatically to embrace new propulsion technology. While fully electric cars offering performance equal to current cars are someway off, petrol - electric 'hybrid' cars like Toyota's Prius, Honda's Insight and new Civic Hybrid debut new thinking. The principle behind them is, simply, the combination of a small, efficient petrol engine and powerful electric motor. Combined they offer impressive output with 60+mpg easily achievable the batteries for the electric motor cleverly store re-generated energy produced when the car brakes. How do hybrid vehicles work? ...read more.


Newly available automotive technology, are known as hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). Hybrid power systems were conceived as a way to compensate for the shortfall in battery technology. Hybrid electric vehicles recharge as you drive, get approximately double the miles per gallon of gas than current vehicles and can be refueled at any gas station. Each hybrid vehicle will produce thousands fewer pounds of pollutants than the vehicles currently on the road. According to Department of Energy estimates, a hybrid car driven 12,000 miles per year will cut carbon dioxide emissions by 4,700 pounds over its predecessor, says the National Resources Defense Council article on earth smart cars.(National Resources Defense Council). There are currently two hybrid electric vehicles that will soon be out in the UK, and on the market hopefully in the year 2003. The Honda Insight was the first hybrid electric vehicle to be available for public purchase in the United States. The Honda Insight is a two-seat sporty car that has earned the best EPA mileage rating in history, rated at 61 miles per gallon in the city and 68 miles per gallon on the highway (Honda 6). Because of its size, however, I am not quite sure about the safety and durability of this car. ...read more.


Hydrogen is fuelling BMW's future plans; however, a different route has been taken. The German giant favours hydrogen-powered combustion engines, just like todays car use, but with one major difference; the only thing coming out of the fuel pipe, as with the fuel cell cars, will be water. This has been made possible by hydrogen's combustion characteristics, which are not that dissimilar to that of petrol. The main stumbling block is the availability of liquid hydrogen. Its so volatile, it has to be stored very carefully, meaning a huge investment will have to be made before the project is viable. But so long as hydrogen is produced using 'renewable' resources such as wind or solar power, we really will finally have 'environmentally-neutral' cars. The car is not dead yet, thanks to the huge efforts manufacturers are putting into developing alternative fuels. As yet we cant be certain which of the above technologies, if indeed any will dominate, but with incresing concern over the limited supply of fossil fuels, and the environment, one thing for certain, the car as we know it is changing - for the better. Biography:- Toyota website. Hybrid Electric Vehicle Program. Toyota Prius. Details, FAQ. Toyota Prius. Details, Specs and Features. Toyota Prius, Technology. Statistics from www.fuelecomony.gov. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Organic Chemistry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Organic Chemistry essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Burning Fuels Coursework

    4 star(s)

    Methanol - 5% error margin Ethanol - 6% error margin Propan-1-ol - - 6 % error margin Butan-1-ol - 6% error margin Pentan-1-ol - 5% error margin We have found that Pentan-1-ol did not use less fuel than butan-1-ol. This may have been due to incomplete combustion between pentan-1-ol and the oxygen it reacted with.

  2. Hydrocarbons As Fuels.

    Physical properties of Alkanes Since the electronegativities of carbon and hydrogen are 2.5 and 2.1 respectively have only weak dipole moments. C----H bonds Weak attractive forces exist between dipoles in neighbouring molecules, and van der Waals forces also come into the play.

  1. "Could Sainsbury's add value to their business by using an alternative fuel for their ...

    respiratory and cardiovascular systems, asthma and mortality PM10 Vehicle emissions Industrial Natural Affects respiratory and cardiovascular systems, asthma and mortality Sulphur Dioxide Power stations Vehicle emissions Irritation to the respiratory system, may provoke wheezing, exacerbate asthma and is associated with chronic bronchitis Benzene Vehicle emissions Can cause cancer 1,3-Butadiene Vehicle

  2. The Energy Content Of Different Fuels

    = 74 Pentanol = C5H11OH ( 60 +11 + 16 + 1) = 88 * Calculate the energy produced. To do this I will use this equation: Energy Used Mass Specific The temperature & Produced = of x Heat x rise of the Heat the Water Water (g)

  1. Measuring the Enthalpy Change of Combustion of Different Fuels

    hydrocarbons, therefore, the carbons consecutively go up by one for each fuel starting with one carbon in methanol. The purpose of choosing these four consecutive fuels is that you will be able to see more directly the difference in the enthalpy change since their molecular formulas do not have large gaps (or any in this case).

  2. Fuel cell technology.

    Natural Gas, Methanol, Naphtha, LPG, Coal Gas. Natural Gas, Methanol, Naphtha, LPG, Coal Gas. Natural Gas, Methanol, Naphtha, LPG PRINCIPAL AND OPERATION : At the anode the hydrogen molecules give up electrons and form hydrogen A PEM (Proton Exchange Membrane, also called Polymer Electrolyte Membrane)

  1. Hydro-Carbon Fuels and Society.

    Hydro-carbon fuels have a major problem. Most hydro-carbon fuels have a negative effect on the environment. By using petrol or diesel we produce carbon dioxide CO2 and H2O, as long as the fuel is completely combusted, i.e. there is an excess of oxygen, however if there should be a lack

  2. GCSE Chemistry Revision Notes - everything!

    The heat operates at about 5 volts but with currents of up to about 100,000 amps. The heat generated by the huge current keeps the electrolyte molten. The two major costs of extracting aluminium are the costs of electricity and also the replacing of the anodes as they burn away.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work