• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Hybrid cars will change our future for the better - eliminating the use of fossil fuels.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Will Hybrid cars will change our future for the better This project is designed to provide access to information for people about some of the technology available to us now that can reduce our fossil fuel usage, or possibly eliminate it all together, resulting in cleaner air and a better environment. Society is now taking its first baby steps towards eliminating its dependence on fossil fuels, and it starts with information and education about the alternatives that exist to power our lives for the future. We know that fossil fuels are a finite resource, and burning them is harmful to the environment, yet we don't want to give up our cars. The car has been so entrenched in our society that its unlikely to go away, but it will need to change dramatically to embrace new propulsion technology. While fully electric cars offering performance equal to current cars are someway off, petrol - electric 'hybrid' cars like Toyota's Prius, Honda's Insight and new Civic Hybrid debut new thinking. The principle behind them is, simply, the combination of a small, efficient petrol engine and powerful electric motor. Combined they offer impressive output with 60+mpg easily achievable the batteries for the electric motor cleverly store re-generated energy produced when the car brakes. How do hybrid vehicles work? ...read more.

Middle

Newly available automotive technology, are known as hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). Hybrid power systems were conceived as a way to compensate for the shortfall in battery technology. Hybrid electric vehicles recharge as you drive, get approximately double the miles per gallon of gas than current vehicles and can be refueled at any gas station. Each hybrid vehicle will produce thousands fewer pounds of pollutants than the vehicles currently on the road. According to Department of Energy estimates, a hybrid car driven 12,000 miles per year will cut carbon dioxide emissions by 4,700 pounds over its predecessor, says the National Resources Defense Council article on earth smart cars.(National Resources Defense Council). There are currently two hybrid electric vehicles that will soon be out in the UK, and on the market hopefully in the year 2003. The Honda Insight was the first hybrid electric vehicle to be available for public purchase in the United States. The Honda Insight is a two-seat sporty car that has earned the best EPA mileage rating in history, rated at 61 miles per gallon in the city and 68 miles per gallon on the highway (Honda 6). Because of its size, however, I am not quite sure about the safety and durability of this car. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hydrogen is fuelling BMW's future plans; however, a different route has been taken. The German giant favours hydrogen-powered combustion engines, just like todays car use, but with one major difference; the only thing coming out of the fuel pipe, as with the fuel cell cars, will be water. This has been made possible by hydrogen's combustion characteristics, which are not that dissimilar to that of petrol. The main stumbling block is the availability of liquid hydrogen. Its so volatile, it has to be stored very carefully, meaning a huge investment will have to be made before the project is viable. But so long as hydrogen is produced using 'renewable' resources such as wind or solar power, we really will finally have 'environmentally-neutral' cars. The car is not dead yet, thanks to the huge efforts manufacturers are putting into developing alternative fuels. As yet we cant be certain which of the above technologies, if indeed any will dominate, but with incresing concern over the limited supply of fossil fuels, and the environment, one thing for certain, the car as we know it is changing - for the better. Biography:- Toyota website. Hybrid Electric Vehicle Program. Toyota Prius. Details, FAQ. Toyota Prius. Details, Specs and Features. Toyota Prius, Technology. Statistics from www.fuelecomony.gov. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Organic Chemistry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Organic Chemistry essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Burning Fuels Coursework

    4 star(s)

    182.41 181.92 181.46 Mass Used (g) 0.43 0.48 0.44 0.45 (2 d.p.) Pentan-1-ol Start Mass (g) 149.32 148.79 148.26 Finish Mass (g) 148.81 148.28 147.72 Mass Used (g) 0.51 0.51 0.54 0.52 (2 d.p.) Anomalies are highlighted in red, and a repeat was done to judge weather it was just human error, or a misjudgement in the experiment kit.

  2. History and developement of automobiles

    which had a differential shaft drive but had the same problem as Cugnot's because it needed a long time to start up and had to stop frequently to build its steam power by putting water into the boiler. Gasoline Powered Cars and the Internal Combustion Engine In cars the internal

  1. "Could Sainsbury's add value to their business by using an alternative fuel for their ...

    Benzene is toxic and carcinogenic. Long-term exposure has been linked with leukaemia. Lead (Pb) Lead accumulates in body systems and is known to interfere with the normal production of red blood cells. Following the introduction of unleaded petrol and withdrawal of leaded petrol lead is essentially eliminated as an exhaust product.

  2. The Energy Content Of Different Fuels

    I will find between the beginning of the experiment and the end. If I leave the experiment longer and allow the temperature difference to increase, the mass difference will also increase so therefore it does not matter. To find out how much energy produced per mole by each alcohol, I

  1. Pollution from the internal combustion engine.

    head - these oil layers can absorb and desorb hydrocarbon components of the fuel before and after combustion respectively, so a fraction of the fuel can escape the initial combustion process unburned.

  2. This is a mini-project on fuel - topics include petrol and fossil fuels.

    The deepest mine is a gold mine in South Africa nearly 4 km (2.5 miles) deep. For centuries, miners had to cut coal by hand. Now there are drills and computer controlled cutting machines to help them. Some things you might find near a mine site are: * Miners' cage carries miners up and down mine.

  1. Energy Transfer in Fuels

    Weighing The Fuel - When weighing each fuel, in the initial and final weights, the cap of the Paraffin Burner needs to be off as they may weigh different masses. This is essential for a correct answer to our formula of energy transfer.

  2. Outline how the main pollutants are formed in vehicle engines and the environmental problems ...

    Heterogeneous catalysts are when the catalyst is in a different phase (i.e. solid, liquid or gas) to the reactants. Heterogeneous catalysts provide a surface on which a chemical reaction can take place.In order for the reaction to occur one or more of the reactants must diffuse to the catalyst surface and adsorb onto it.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work