• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Physics Laboratory - "Waves in Strings".

Extracts from this document...


Dmitri Ramzaitsev

30.11.03        11B

Physics Laboratory – “Waves in Strings

Data Collection

The Harmonic Number





The Number of Nodes





Mass Pulling the String (in Kg)





This data does not include any uncertainties purposely.  While the experiment was carried out, I noticed that the number of harmonics was not so clear every time.  The mass at the end of the string could be change to ± 0.015 kgand we could not see any difference in the number of nodes.  The additional mass simply displaced the nodes a little, but created none.  Therefore, it is safe to say that there was no specific or accurate mass that we measured to create each harmonic.  And because the masses that

...read more.





Gravitational Force of Mass in Newtons





The Square Root of Force (to 3 s.f.)





The Inverse of the Square Root of Force (to 3 s.f.)





2.), 5.)  See attached sheets please.

B.1.) There is a clear relationship between the number of harmonics and the force pulling on the string. As the harmonics increase the mass hanging decreases exponentially.  

    2.) See graph for working out.  Our graph starts from the second harmonic, since we only got results starting from the second one.  It is quite clear, just by looking at the graph that it is exponential and if you continue the line beyond what the graph shows us, you can estimate what force would be needed for the 1st harmonic. It is around 4.9 N.

    3.) The graph “The Relationship Between the Inverse of the Square Root of Force (to 3 s.f.) to the Number of Harmonics” shows, more or less, a straight line.  The means that the graph has a constant slope and therefore there is a direct proportionality between the x-axis and y-axis values.  

    4.)  Nothing happened when we placed our finger at a node.

...read more.


        It also seems logical that, when you tune a guitar string and you increase the tension, the frequency increases giving you a higher pitched sound.  Yet if you theoretically keep the frequency constant, you should be increasing the wavelength, which you’re NOT doing in this experiment.  In this lab, as the tension increased, the wavelength decreased, and we lowered the harmonics.  

        Nevertheless, there is clearly some relationship between the tension in the string and the harmonic.  


This lab showed a clear proportion between the tension and the harmonics in a standing wave.  However, there were weaknesses in the procedure.  It was very difficult to decide upon when the standing wave has a certain amount of nodes.  This is because the mass did not have a great affect if it was ±0.015 kg.  This made our data collection weak and made it useless to use uncertainties.  This is because there is a great human error in this experiment.  Perhaps the procedure should help us distinguish a “real” node, so that we can be certain of which force is needed to create it.  

[1]1, 2Source:  http://carini.physics.indiana.edu/P105S98/Standing-waves.html


...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Waves section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Waves essays

  1. Investigating the speed of travelling waves in water.

    Error of speed 1) error = 0.045m/s 2) error = 0.02m/s 3) error = 0.035m/s 4) error = 0.06m/s 5) error = 0.05m/s 6) error = 0.05m/s 7) error = 0.01m/s Average error = 0.045 + 0.02 + 0.035 + 0.06 + 0.05 + 0.05 + 0.01 / 7 = 0.039m/s 0.04 m/s (in 3sig figs)

  2. Properties of waves

    In a surface wave, particles move in circles i. waves on the ocean or in a swimming pool are not simply transverse waves or longitudinal waves. a. water waves are an example of surface waves. b. surface waves occur at the boundary between two different mediums, such as between water and air.

  1. The aim of my experiment is to see what factors affect electromagnetism the most ...

    All this means is that instead of just passing the nail over a mound of paperclips I have to put on the paperclips to find the actual maximum mass the nail's magnetism can carry. I also observed that the current or amps kept on changing, to get over this obstacle

  2. Physics in the real world - During my visit to Broomfield Hospital I witnessed ...

    Ultrasound was a major development in modern medicine, allowing doctors to see in to the human body without the use of ionising radiation. Ultrasound originated in the work of physicists exploring energy propagation by sound waves. Fifteen years before Roentgens discovery of the X-Ray, Pierre and Jacques Curie explained piezoelectricity

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work