• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12

The aim of this investigation is to find out how different lengths of a 1m long nichrome wire affect its resistance.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Science Coursework/Physics

image00.png

AIM

The aim of this investigation is to find out how different lengths of a 1m long nichrome wire affect its resistance.

PREDICTION

I predict that if I double the length of the nichrome wire, its resistance will also double. I predict that if I half the length of the nichrome wire, the resistance will also half. Therefore I predict that resistance will increase in proportion to the increase in the length of the wire.

HYPOTHESIS

Why does a metal conduct?

A metal is made up of positive ions surrounded by a sea of free electrons. The ions in a metal are positive because it is easy for a metal to lose one or two electrons, from its outer shell, than to gain six or seven electrons to complete the outer shell. The electrons are lost and are free to move around and the ions become positive as the number of protons increase, compared to the number of electrons. The metal can now conduct electricity, as it is positive.

Here is a diagram to show the structure of a metal:

What is resistance?

Resistance is the measure of how difficult it is for the current to get through a wire.   We measure the resistance in Ohms, with the symbol

           Resistance, R = p.d. across the wire (V)___

                                       Current through the wire (I)

                                           R = V

                                               I

What causes the resistance in a wire?

The electrons in a wire are free to move through it, but it is not perfectly easy. The ions of the wire get in the way.

...read more.

Middle

2.9

2.89

6

2.09

2.87

8

2.8

2.86

80

2

0.77

2.6

4

1.55

2.58

2.57

6

2.35

2.55

8

3.14

2.55

70

2

0.87

2.3

4

1.76

2.27

2.27

6

2.66

2.26

8

3.58

2.23

60

2

1.01

1.98

4

2.05

1.95

1.95

6

3.1

1.94

8

4.15

1.93

50

2

1.21

1.65

4

2.45

1.63

1.64

6

3.68

1.63

8

4.9

1.63

40

2

1.47

1.36

4

3

1.33

1.34

6

4.52

1.33

8

5.99

1.34

30

2

1.84

1.09

4

3.83

1.04

1.06

6

5.73

1.05

8

7.61

1.05

20

2

2.74

0.74

4

5.52

0.75

0.74

6

8

0.72

8

10.75

0.74

I used the formula R=V to calculate the resistance.

            I

To calculate the average resistance I added up the resistance for each measurement and divided the total by 4.

Results table 2 showing the readings obtained

...read more.

Conclusion

  • The ammeters and the voltmeters were probably faulty and I could not get the accurate results.
  • The power pack might have malfunctioned and might have ruined whole of the voltage supply.
  • The scale of the metre rule I used was not marked according to scale and that affected in the accuracy of my results.

The random errors:

  • I might have made a mistake while recording the results. E.g. instead of recording 3.06 I might have recorded 3.66
  • I might have cut the wire a little longer or a little shorter while cutting it.

Due to all these errors the accuracy of my results might have been brought down while doing the investigation.

The ways that I could improve this method to get more reliable data are:

  • Using computer controlled ammeters and voltmeters to detect any faults n them.
  • Use a more reliable power pack then the one I used in the investigation.
  • Use a different piece of wire for each length so as to prevent over heating of the wire.
  • Use a digital ruler to measure the different lengths of wire to prevent the measuring error.

These are the ways, which I came across in order to get more reliable and precise results.

Further experiments that I can do to investigate this topic are:

  • Measuring the resistance in a bulb using different volts
  • Measuring the amount of resistance in metals such as copper, with different masses.

Doing these experiments will further prove my results more reliable and back the theory of resistance.

Resources

I would like to acknowledge these resources, as they were very helpful to me in my investigation:

  • Mr Jackson (teacher)
  • Physics for You (txt book)
  • Focus on science (txt book)

Dip Shah/10HO

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Electricity and Magnetism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Electricity and Magnetism essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Resistance Aim: my main aim is to investigate the factors that affect the resistance ...

    3 star(s)

    Factors affecting the resistance of a wire at constant temperature. Resistance in different sized conductors A thicker wire offers less resistance to current than a thinner one of the same material. This is because current consists of electrons flowing through the metal of the wire.

  2. An experiment to find the resistivity of nichrome

    So if we double the length of a wire, the number of atoms in the wire doubles, so the number of jumps double, so twice the amount of energy is required: There are twice as many jumps if the wire is twice as long.

  1. Investigate the resistance of different wires and how at different lengths the voltage increases ...

    said to be good insulators, having extremely high resistance to the flow of charge through them. "Conductor" implies that the outer electrons of the atoms are loosely bound and free to move through the material. Most atoms hold on to their electrons tightly and are insulators.

  2. "My aim is to find out how much energy is released when burning different ...

    I'm not sure how theses anomalous results occurred it could be my calculations or results that are inaccurate. I could extend this investigation by looking at different the sizes of the crisps and how much energy they release or a different food similar to crisps.

  1. Resistance of a Wire Investigation

    * From thinking about how I would do this investigation and the outcome of it, I decided to use the length of the wire as the variable. GAP Wire length: If the length of the wire is increased then the resistance will also increase as the electrons will have a longer distance to travel and so more collisions will occur.

  2. An in Investigation into the Resistance of a Wire.

    0.19 0.11 1.73 0.35 0.21 1.67 0.70 0.41 1.71 1.33 0.78 1.71 10 0.08 0.09 0.89 0.91 (0.9) 0.12 0.13 0.92 0.14 0.14 0.93 0.29 0.32 0.91 1.06 1.16 0.91 In the wire E28 Length/cm Voltage/volts (V) Current/amps (A) V/I=R (?) Resistance/ohms Average Resistance/ohms 100 0.32 0.07 4.57 4.57 (4.6)

  1. Discover the factors affecting resistance in a conductor.

    This result did not fit the trend on the line of best fit. I will reject this result, as I believe it is entirely anomalous, and it is suitable to do so. Therefore this enables me to have an entirely straight graph that shows accuracy and reliability, and allows me

  2. To investigate how the length (mm) and the cross-sectional (mm2) area of a wire ...

    5 cm3. Therefore I can say that in a more dense substance, there will be more mass per volume than in a substance with low density. Therefore, there will be more atoms of that substance per unit volume. This is where the resistance comes in.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work