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THE GOLF SWING(PREPARATION)The preparation stage comprises of the performer addressing the ball, which means to stand

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David MacIntyre

Sports Mechanics

Outcome 3



The preparation stage comprises of the performer addressing the ball, which means to stand looking down at the ball, with the ball positioned somewhere between the feet, but out in front of the feet so that the golf club can be placed beside the ball with the performer having straight arms. The golf club head is then taken away from the ball and moved round in a large swinging motion above shoulder height. It is when the golf club reaches its highest point that the preparation stage is over, and so begins the action stage.


This is the first part of the preparation stage of the golf swing, this is when you are addressing or positioning yourself to the ball. The feet should be placed flat on the ground, side by side and approximately shoulder width apart. This stance is deigned to give the performer a good solid base of support, this base of support is needed for a reason, for example if the persons feet were to close together when it came to swinging the golf club then there balance, power and technique would be greatly affected, likewise if there feet were positioned to far apart this would have an effect on the length of the swing, so again reducing power. Also within this phase of the swing, friction plays a part.

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The next stage of the preparation stage is the backswing, this is when the performer initiates the swing by moving the golf club head away from behind the golf ball, usually to above the height of the shoulders. The sole purpose of the backswing is to correctly position the club at the top of the swing in preparation for the downswing into the ball and along the intended line of flight. The swing is started primarily by a backward movement of the left hand and arm in order to move the golf club away from the ball. Friction is again in play at this moment, but where with the stance, it was static friction, the backswing involves dynamic friction. This type of friction deals with keeping a good grip with the ground whilst the feet and body are in motion. Friction is also an important factor when it comes to the point of contact of the performer’s hands and the golf club. Golf clubs normally have a rubber or leather grip on them to help keep a hold of the club throughout the swing, however in addition to this most golfers choose to wear a thin leather glove in order to improve there grip even more. The glove is worn on the left hand, (if right handed)

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Muscular force plays a big part at this stage of the swing, it is during the action phase that the power is generated. The power is produced through mainly upper body muscles, shoulders, arms and hands for example, but also the abdominal muscles and legs are also in use to generate this power. The lower body muscles initiate the power by moving the hips out of the way so as to allow the hands and arms to swing through the ball freely.

Air resistance and drag are factors which can affect the swing within the action phase. On the downswing, the club is moving at its fastest, it therefore has greater air resistance than at any other time during the swing.

The drag is created just before the impact of the club and the ball, the club may just skim the surface or even go deep enough into the ground to create a divot, if this happens, this is when drag comes into effect.

Depending on where the club face connects with the ball, determines how much spin will be on the ball. If for example the club hits the ball near the bottom, then this will make the ball spin backwards after it has left the face of the club, likewise if the club hits the top, left or right of the ball, this will affect the spin of the ball.

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