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Families fail in the socialisation of children Evaluate the arguments for and against this statement

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Georgina Macaulay 10X Sociology essay �Families fail in the socialisation of children� Evaluate the arguments for and against this statement Socialisation is important is the learning process which refers to all the different ways in which a person learns how they should behave and act in society. The family is a child�s first social group and the family is where primary socialisation takes place, which is where the earliest learning takes place. Family also introduces children to all the other agents of socialisation such as the mass media and peer groups.  Families often do a great job in the socialization due to the fact they are around their child for the first few years of their life, but in some ways families can �fail� at the socialization of children. Families often fail at socialization for many reasons, because without noticing it, they may be teaching children stereotypical gender roles, because when children are older they may assume that men and women �should� act a certain way, which could deny them of future opportunities. For example, a young girl might live in a family where typical gender roles are present and might see their mum working the kitchen a lot and their dad go out to work and might socialize children into growing up assuming this is how male and female roles should be and might decide not to go to university, because they think they should work at home and its normal to stay and work at home like their mother, because that�s what they have grown up and are used to seeing happen. ...read more.


For example, in our society many norms are to respect you elders, to wear clothes when out in public and even small things like to queue up in  a supermarket. Families teach us many norms, such as having manners and saying �please� and �thank you� and basically everyday things, like if you were to walk around the street swearing or naked, people would find that a bit strange and probably be angry, because that is not seen as the norm in our society. Parents will teach children good behaviour and how to behave appropriately in certain situations. Different places and different cultures have different norms, but having a family around you, will help you conform to the norms of the society that you live in. Without having people around us to teach us norms, such as family, then children would not know how to act appropriately and would probably not fit in with the rest of society.   Reasons why parents don�t fail in  the socialisation of children is, because to help children conform to the norms, parents will teach them negative sanctions, which are punishments used to prevent unacceptable behaviour. If discipline and negative sanctions are used correctly, then it helps children to understand what is right and wrong, because they know that if they do something bad, then they will be punished. Many negative sanctions include, being told off, maybe being sent to their room or being smacked. ...read more.


They will introduce children to language, which they obviously need to communicate with others around them and will teach children what is dangerous in everyday life, sometimes without even noticing. For example a parent might simply tell a child ?don?t touch that hot cooker, because you will burn yourself?. The child will pick these things up and then learn not to do that again and will realize why ?hot cooker? means they ?will burn them self?. Families will also teach children things they need for everyday life, like we need to eat to stay alive or how to hold a spoon when eating. Also, the names of things, teaching them simple words like table, chair and bed and children would not be able to survive, without their parents socializing them into knowing what?s dangerous, like a hot cooker or how to talk and communicate with others, or how to eat. I disagree with the statement ?Families fail in the socialisation of children?, because although there are a few reasons that make me agree with this statement, like many gender stereotypes are present within families and the social class of a family can sometimes socialize a child and influence them in a negative way, but I disagree with this statement, because families also help teach children what is vital for survival through socialization, like how to talk and what is dangerous. Families also teach children the values and norms of society and basically through primary socialisation, during the first few years of a child?s life, in a way, families, mainly parents help shape out a child?s life. ...read more.

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