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Social Stratification.

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Introduction

Rebecca leach 1) Social Stratification Social stratification refers to the division of a population into strata, with one on top of the other. Stratification is the structured inequalities between different groups of people within a society. Inequality is the unequal distribution of resources and opportunities that are valued within a society such as wealth, income, power and access to things such as education. Class is a grouping of people who share a type of lifestyle influenced by the economic resources available to them. Ownership of wealth and occupation are the major basis of class difference. There are three major classes that exist in the UK; these are the Upper class (the wealthy and most employers), Middle class (professionals, most white collar workers) and the Working class (those in manual jobs). Social Mobility Social mobility refers to the movement of individuals and groups between different positions in society. Vertical mobility is when the movement goes up or down the social scale i.e. those who gain property or income are upwardly mobile and those who loose it are downwardly mobile. There is also a great deal of lateral mobility in modern societies. ...read more.

Middle

Many single parent families and families where members are unable to work find themselves in poverty. Often the most important predictor of health and other life chances is social class. Good health and ill health can be traced back to what class u fit into. Un-skilled working classes are more likely to have a long-term illness than those in higher classes. Therefore the higher a class a child is born in to the better health it will have throughout its life. Sir Donald Aches stated in his 1998 report, Independent Inquire into Inequalities in Health, that people at the bottom of the social ladder are still in much worse health that those at the top. Rebecca Leach Occupation is one of the most accurate predictors of all life chances. Those in high paid jobs are more likely to have better health and education and will pass these benefits on to their children. Children from high-class families will have access to better schools and therefore will improve their education. Differences in class can be seen early on in baseline tests where children from the lower classes are receiving poorer results. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1992 around 75 per cent of lone-parents were claiming income support * Lone mothers are less likely to be employed than married mothers. * One-parent families are more likely to live in poor housing, overcrowded conditions and are less likely to be homeowners. Over 50 per cent live in council accommodation. Current Government policy aims to encourage lone parents to support themselves through employment or to look for support from their former partner. State childcare provision remains limited making it difficult for lone parents to work outside the home and ex-spouses are often unable to fulfil their maintenance obligations. In 1993 the Government launched the Child Support Agency with the aim of tracking down absent fathers whose ex-partners are dependant on state benefits and forcing them to provide financial support. Effects of single parent families on children Although the children of lone-parent families may not see their second parent very often, that person does not become less emotionally important to the child. Wallerstein and Kelly observed that when the burden of childcare falls mostly on one parent, the family is more vulnerable to stress. Children who grew up in one-parent homes complete fewer years of schooling, enter lower-status occupations and have less stability in their own relationships. ...read more.

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