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Female Fertility Problems Essay

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Introduction

´╗┐Neil Sequeira September 12, 2010 ONE WORLD ESSAY - Fertility Fertility refers to the natural capability of giving life. In more scientific terms, fertilization is the fusion of the male (sperm) and female (ova/egg) gametes in order to produce a new individual. Infertility, on the other hand, refers to the inability to conceive after 12 months of regular and unprotected (no contraception methttp://www.montanaprolifecoalition.org/development1.htm hod in use) intercourse. According to Medical News Today (What Is Infertility? What Causes Infertility? How is Infertility Treated), the higher percentage of cases of infertility are due to a problem in the women. There are multiple reasons for infertility in both men and women. Firstly, lets look at the factors that affect the fertility in women. Reasons for Infertility in Females Reasons For Infertility Cause How It Affects The Woman The most common reason for infertility in women is the inability to ovulate. An ovulation disorder refers to the inability to release an egg/ova into the oviduct. A couple of factors that could cause ovulation disorders are: hormone imbalances, vitamin/mineral deficiency, low body weight, high body weight, and chronic illnesses. The majority of ovulation disorders are caused by hormonal imbalances. According to C.Health (Common Reasons for Infertility) ?Hormone imbalances refer to not having enough of a certain hormone or not releasing a hormone at the right time.? Hormonal imbalances are often causes to to communication errors between the hypothalamus in the brain and the pituitary gland in the blood. ...read more.

Middle

Aniruddha Malpani, MD and Dr. Anjali Malpani, MD (How to Have a Baby: Overcoming Infertility), ?Cervical mucus is a jelly-like substance produced by tiny glands in the cervix called cervical crypts.?. This is also another anatomical problem that leads to infertility. There is no particular cause for cervical mucus problems. There are no specific factors that can trigger it. Changes in the menstrual cycle cause the mucus lining in the cervix to change. The mucus lining, is the lining in the uterus which sperm use as a medium of travel from the opening of the uterus (cervix) to the oviduct. This lining is usually too thick for sperm to pass through, although during ovulation, it becomes more elastic, gains a higher pH level (less acidic), and easier for the sperm to seep through. The sperm are able to travel into the oviduct thanks to these changes, and can then fertilize the egg. Infections of the cervix can cause the mucus lining to become thick and hostile to sperm. They make the sperm thick, to harden travel, and more acidic, hence killing the sperm. Reasons For Infertility Cause How It Affects The Woman Endometriosis. This is an anatomical problem that leads to infertility in females. According to Melissa Conrad Stoppler (Endometriosis) ?The cause of endometriosis is unknown. One theory is that the endometrial tissue is deposited in unusual locations by the backing up of menstrual flow into the Fallopian tubes ...read more.

Conclusion

Reasons For Infertility Cause How It Affects The Woman Another type of life-style choice that can lead to infertility is obesity. This is also another factor that shows how our modern environment is affecting fertility. As more and more teenagers and adults are being attracted to fast food franchises such as McDonalds, due to their persuasive marketing strategies, the risk of infertility in women is increasing. As you can see below, the obesity rate of girls in the U.S. is at quite a high level. Obesity is caused by one?s choice of life-style. An unhealthy life style can lead to higher risks oh being infertile. According to Woman?s Health (The Link Between Fertility and Obesity), ?Estrogen is found in two sources in the body: the ovary and the adrenal gland. The ovary makes estrogen in quantities depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle. The adrenal glands make something called 'androstenedione'. These hormones are connected to cholesterol and in the case of androstenedione; fat cells convert it into an estrogen called estrone.? Therefore, if one is overweight, the increased supply of estrogen from the conversion with affect the functioning of the ovaries. Hence, disrupting the natural ovulation cycle, and leading to infertility. http://www.umm.edu/pregnancy/000094.htm These are the, age-related, anatomical, and life-styli related issues/problem that could lead to infertility in women. Like females, infertility in males can be cause by multiple different reasons. Most of which, are due to anatomical reasons, and life-style reasons. The factor of age does not affect the fertility in males. ...read more.

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