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International Baccalaureate: Chemistry
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- Peer Reviewed essays 1
Biodiesel Investigation - How the concentration of Potassium Hydroxide solution would affect the yield of biodiesel when transesterified with a standard sample of vegetable oil .
I do feel as though this is an important experiment to engage in as scientists find biodiesels an extremely useful substance to use in machines and such. To try an experiment which involves looking at factors that can change the output of the product, would be a stepping stone to building a stronger understanding on the substance itself and how more of it can be obtained and perhaps what benefits it may serve. The experiment conducted was intent on looking at a certain independent variable (the concentration)
- Word count: 3179
Volume of substance Z solution ? 25.0cm3 of substance Z solution was used for each of the nine trial. Dependent Variables: 1. Volume of 0.1M HCl required to neutralize 25.0cm3 of substance Z ? The end-point was determined only when the methyl orange indicator completely changed color from yellow to orange. Controlled Variables: 1. Molarity of HCl ? It was 0.1M for all trials. 2. Drops of Phenolphthalein ? For all trials, only three drops were used to prevent any misinterpretation of the reaction?s end point. 3. Volume of water used to dissolve all samples of substance Z ? For all trials, only 250cm3 of distilled water was used.
- Word count: 3039
This is because he stated that according to the law of conservation of energy, the total enthalpy change of a reaction will depend only on the difference between the enthalpy of the product and the enthalpy of the reactants and not on what path it follows. This is known as Hess?s law. The alternate set of stepwise reactions that were followed in this experiment to arrive at the value for the enthalpy of formation of MgO(s) are as follows: 1.
- Word count: 6121
infers that the rate of reaction is impacted by how often molecules collide with one another. This can be applied to my hypothesis to suggest that with the occurrence of more collisions in the reaction- due to a higher percentage of particles in the more concentrated H2SO4 solutions- it will result in the formation of more bonds and hence, lead to a quicker rate of reaction between two reactants, leading to a quicker production of 20mL of H2 gas. Macintosh HD:Users:160161:Desktop:Screen Shot 2015-03-22 at 2.41.05 pm.png VARIABLES The independent variable (the variable being changed): The independent variable is going to be the varying concentration- measured in molarity mass (M)- of Sulfuric acid (H2SO4)
- Word count: 3043