• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Germany-USSR

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What factors helped the Soviet Union achieve victory over Nazi Germany? A victory for the Soviet Union over Nazi Germany was quite unexpected. In 1941, Germany, under Hitler, was well prepared for Operation Barbarossa. They had a vast German army with over three million soldiers and strong weaponry. In the beginning, the Germans were wiping out Russian air and tank forces and the Red Army suffered around four million casualties. Germany seemed set on a victory as 1942 approached. But the situations reversed, and suddenly the Red Army offered strong resistance and German approaches were futile. But how did the Russians actually achieve victory? What were the factors which led them to defeat Nazi Germany? The winter of 1941-1942 was a crucial period for the Russians during the battle. The Germans had almost reached the capital Moscow but the German advance was then halted because the army could not bear the harsh winter conditions in the Soviet Union. ...read more.

Middle

The Soviet citizens offered great resistance and played a key role in their victory. The Russians had a strong will to defeat their enemy and they had their minds set on supporting Stalin and defending their country. The Nazis helped the Soviet Union after witnessing the brutal treatment of the Russians in the areas they controlled. Even the Church played a role in the resistance. The Soviet resistance fighters also sabotaged factories in territories taken over by the German army and blew up rail links just to make it harder for the Germans. The Soviet people helped rebuild the USSR's economy. They dismantled and transported major industrial complexes eastwards by rail, to keep them away and safe from the German army. The Red Army made sure that it destroyed everything that could not be transported so that nothing that would be useful to the enemy would be left behind. Every Russian helped in the war effort in one way or the other. ...read more.

Conclusion

He often interfered with the way his generals organized the army and conducted the war. The soldiers were also not equipped or prepared for the harsh Russian winter and the Germans were not efficient in supplying their troops. German arms production was not as competent as USSR's. Soviet Union allies bombed German industries and hindered their arms production. This made it even harder for them to defeat the Russians. All these factors were finally responsible the Soviet victory over Germany. The harsh winter allowed Stalin to start preparing his army and build up more arms. The technology was improved in this time and the army was strengthened. The Soviet population themselves played a crucial role in the victory as they supported their own country in every fight and defended it against the Germans. Hitler himself made many errors which finally led to their defeat. The Soviet leaders led the army well and without them the victory could not have been possible. Stalin was a skilled and responsible leader, and with his generals, he led the Soviet Union towards victory over Nazi Germany. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Comparison between Trotsky's and Lenin's role in the establishment of the USSR

    Although being victorious in the civil, the Bolsheviks lost public support, because of their harsh policy of War Communism they ruled with during the war. It was mainly Trotsky and a new policy introduced that would save the Bolsheviks power.

  2. Lenin's Role in Creation of USSR

    Lenin's introduction of War Communism further proved to be a vital step for the Bolshevik victory. The main changes under War Communism were that, all industry was nationalised and strict centralisation was introduced, workers discipline was strict and strikers could be shot, food and most commodities were rationed and distributed in a centralised way.

  1. Nazi Germany

    to keep law and order * it increased impression that the Nazis were ready to take tough action * middle class and rich business people were afraid of communists, so they gave money for Nazi campaigns * Law and order - Nazi uniforms and processions gave an impression of order

  2. Revision notes on Nazi Germany.

    * On Nov. 9th 1923 the Nazis marched on Gov. buildings and were dispersed by gunfire and had their leaders arrested. * Hitler went for 5 years in prison, but now he was a nationally known figure. Hitler secures Power Hindenburg as president * National hero * Elected into presidency in 1925 *

  1. Women in Nazi Germany

    could do what they wanted and there was not a man to tell them what and how to do things. Men were also concerned about the influences that other countries could place upon them and so change their life's and their aspects in a total and drastic way.

  2. Why did the USSR enter into an alliance with Germany in 1939

    It seems probable that Chamberlain, wrote this entry as more then just a mere personal reflection. Evidence that insinuates this is the occurrence of the word "our" in the segment, which proposes that the text is meant for an audience.

  1. Compare and contrast the policies of the USA and USSR towards Korea between 1945 ...

    * Both Kim Il Sung, the leader of the DRPK, and Syngman Rhee, anti-communist of the South, were very similar people, though their political beliefs were different. They were both Korean nationalists, who wanted to unite Korea, and saw themselves as the leader of the united Korea.

  2. In what ways and with what results did Stalin modernise the USSR to 1941?

    Millions of peasants were directed into the towns and cities to work in factories and mines, leaving mostly women and children in the countryside. Heavy industries were given high priority in the first Five Year Plan. Thus, consumer industries were neglected and agriculture was restructured to provide for industrial changes.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work