• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Germany-USSR

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What factors helped the Soviet Union achieve victory over Nazi Germany? A victory for the Soviet Union over Nazi Germany was quite unexpected. In 1941, Germany, under Hitler, was well prepared for Operation Barbarossa. They had a vast German army with over three million soldiers and strong weaponry. In the beginning, the Germans were wiping out Russian air and tank forces and the Red Army suffered around four million casualties. Germany seemed set on a victory as 1942 approached. But the situations reversed, and suddenly the Red Army offered strong resistance and German approaches were futile. But how did the Russians actually achieve victory? What were the factors which led them to defeat Nazi Germany? The winter of 1941-1942 was a crucial period for the Russians during the battle. The Germans had almost reached the capital Moscow but the German advance was then halted because the army could not bear the harsh winter conditions in the Soviet Union. ...read more.

Middle

The Soviet citizens offered great resistance and played a key role in their victory. The Russians had a strong will to defeat their enemy and they had their minds set on supporting Stalin and defending their country. The Nazis helped the Soviet Union after witnessing the brutal treatment of the Russians in the areas they controlled. Even the Church played a role in the resistance. The Soviet resistance fighters also sabotaged factories in territories taken over by the German army and blew up rail links just to make it harder for the Germans. The Soviet people helped rebuild the USSR's economy. They dismantled and transported major industrial complexes eastwards by rail, to keep them away and safe from the German army. The Red Army made sure that it destroyed everything that could not be transported so that nothing that would be useful to the enemy would be left behind. Every Russian helped in the war effort in one way or the other. ...read more.

Conclusion

He often interfered with the way his generals organized the army and conducted the war. The soldiers were also not equipped or prepared for the harsh Russian winter and the Germans were not efficient in supplying their troops. German arms production was not as competent as USSR's. Soviet Union allies bombed German industries and hindered their arms production. This made it even harder for them to defeat the Russians. All these factors were finally responsible the Soviet victory over Germany. The harsh winter allowed Stalin to start preparing his army and build up more arms. The technology was improved in this time and the army was strengthened. The Soviet population themselves played a crucial role in the victory as they supported their own country in every fight and defended it against the Germans. Hitler himself made many errors which finally led to their defeat. The Soviet leaders led the army well and without them the victory could not have been possible. Stalin was a skilled and responsible leader, and with his generals, he led the Soviet Union towards victory over Nazi Germany. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Comparison between Trotsky's and Lenin's role in the establishment of the USSR

    Although being victorious in the civil, the Bolsheviks lost public support, because of their harsh policy of War Communism they ruled with during the war. It was mainly Trotsky and a new policy introduced that would save the Bolsheviks power.

  2. Nazi Germany

    make them into the 2nd German army, which would make him potentially the most powerful man in Germany (with control over 4million SA men) - Hitler didn't like the idea!! - On 30 June 1934, R�hm and the other SA leaders were arrested on Hitler's orders and executed (shot), (Hitler accused them of plotting an overthrow)

  1. Lenin's Role in Creation of USSR

    ending Russia's involvement in the war was a major step towards setting up a Soviet State.

  2. Revision notes on Nazi Germany.

    * Only two other Nazi leaders in the new Cabinet * Non-Nazi leaders gambled that they could control Hitler in office and could turn him out of office at will The Seizure of Power 1933-34 Situation in 1933: * Only three cabinet posts held by Nazis * no Nazi Reichstag

  1. Why was it possible for Stalin to become the leader of the USSR?

    it possible for Stalin to come to power" not "why was it possible for Stalin to come to power at a particular time frame". Lenin might have a distaste for Stalin as expressed in his Testament which if read out to everyone at the Party Congress might put an end

  2. Compare and contrast the policies of the USA and USSR towards Korea between 1945 ...

    * A United Nations Commission decided to hold an election in Korea, but the communists in North Korea refused to allow it to happen, even if they had to observe another election election in the South in May 1948. Though most Koreans opposed partition, the Republic of Korea was set

  1. Post-war USSR and Germany 1918-1924

    The Tsar was overthrown and revolution was inevitable. At the end of war, Germany and Russia were the worst hit nations, and they faced tremendous difficulties in the near future. Treaty of Versailles The defeated nation of Germany was left in a serious economic crisis at the end of the war.

  2. In what ways and with what results did Stalin modernise the USSR to 1941?

    The First Five Year Plan was aimed at expanding and modernising existing industries, establish new sectors, and relocating those in the west further to the east, so that they would be more secure and protected by the vast amounts of land if Russia were to be attacked by the West.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work