• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Germany-USSR

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What factors helped the Soviet Union achieve victory over Nazi Germany? A victory for the Soviet Union over Nazi Germany was quite unexpected. In 1941, Germany, under Hitler, was well prepared for Operation Barbarossa. They had a vast German army with over three million soldiers and strong weaponry. In the beginning, the Germans were wiping out Russian air and tank forces and the Red Army suffered around four million casualties. Germany seemed set on a victory as 1942 approached. But the situations reversed, and suddenly the Red Army offered strong resistance and German approaches were futile. But how did the Russians actually achieve victory? What were the factors which led them to defeat Nazi Germany? The winter of 1941-1942 was a crucial period for the Russians during the battle. The Germans had almost reached the capital Moscow but the German advance was then halted because the army could not bear the harsh winter conditions in the Soviet Union. ...read more.

Middle

The Soviet citizens offered great resistance and played a key role in their victory. The Russians had a strong will to defeat their enemy and they had their minds set on supporting Stalin and defending their country. The Nazis helped the Soviet Union after witnessing the brutal treatment of the Russians in the areas they controlled. Even the Church played a role in the resistance. The Soviet resistance fighters also sabotaged factories in territories taken over by the German army and blew up rail links just to make it harder for the Germans. The Soviet people helped rebuild the USSR's economy. They dismantled and transported major industrial complexes eastwards by rail, to keep them away and safe from the German army. The Red Army made sure that it destroyed everything that could not be transported so that nothing that would be useful to the enemy would be left behind. Every Russian helped in the war effort in one way or the other. ...read more.

Conclusion

He often interfered with the way his generals organized the army and conducted the war. The soldiers were also not equipped or prepared for the harsh Russian winter and the Germans were not efficient in supplying their troops. German arms production was not as competent as USSR's. Soviet Union allies bombed German industries and hindered their arms production. This made it even harder for them to defeat the Russians. All these factors were finally responsible the Soviet victory over Germany. The harsh winter allowed Stalin to start preparing his army and build up more arms. The technology was improved in this time and the army was strengthened. The Soviet population themselves played a crucial role in the victory as they supported their own country in every fight and defended it against the Germans. Hitler himself made many errors which finally led to their defeat. The Soviet leaders led the army well and without them the victory could not have been possible. Stalin was a skilled and responsible leader, and with his generals, he led the Soviet Union towards victory over Nazi Germany. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Comparison between Trotsky's and Lenin's role in the establishment of the USSR

    Further more obligatory labour duty was imposed onto "non-working classes", Prodrazvyorstka, the requisition of agricultural surpluses from peasants in excess of absolute minimum for centralized distribution among the remaining population was introduced; food and most commodities were rationed and distributed in a centralized way.

  2. Lenin's Role in Creation of USSR

    It is symbolic that at crucial stages in the war, parts of the white armies were crippled by peasant uprisings behind their lines. Hence Lenin's policies played a vital role in the Bolsheviks survival of the civil war, as it was the Land decree drafted personally by Lenin that made the peasants favour the Bolsheviks over the whites.

  1. Revision notes on Nazi Germany.

    win political support by trying to terminate reparation payments * There was a lot of political thuggery by Nazis' S.A.

  2. Nazi Germany

    - night life - writers and poets flourished, artists too - criticism of political leaders - people living in Germany's villages and country towns saw the culture of the cities such as Berlin as a moral decline - Organisations such as Wandervogel movement were a reaction to Weimar's culture -

  1. Post-war USSR and Germany 1918-1924

    The Tsar was overthrown and revolution was inevitable. At the end of war, Germany and Russia were the worst hit nations, and they faced tremendous difficulties in the near future. Treaty of Versailles The defeated nation of Germany was left in a serious economic crisis at the end of the war.

  2. Women in Nazi Germany

    would forget of their marriage, of doing the house work, of looking as a decent and high class women and most important of all, forgetting of taking care of the children and of making more. This would obviously make men really mad and will be a total humiliation if women

  1. Why was it possible for Stalin to become the leader of the USSR?

    past as he had formidable challenges from both "Leftists" such as Kamenev, Zinoviev and especially Trotsky who is arguably intellectually superior to him and the "Right" led by Nikolai Bukharin. Though faced challenging oppositions, Stalin still claimed his victory. This essay thus is an attempt to uncover the reasons why

  2. In what ways and with what results did Stalin modernise the USSR to 1941?

    The government controlled the resources it needed to achieve the economic targets. Factories, mines, transport and farms were owned by the state. The government exercised tight control over the labour force. Ordinary workers were harshly disciplined and poor workmanship and absence added to punishments.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work