• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Jean Lafitte and the Battle of New Orleans

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Historical Investigation: Pirate Jean Lafitte in New Orleans A. Plan of the Investigation How did the pirate Jean Lafitte control trade through Louisiana during the 1800s and thus became involved in the Battle of New Orleans? During the War of 1812, the British were occupied with fighting Napoleon in Europe. However, when Napoleon Bonaparte gave up power, the British were free to focus on war with America again. Thousands of British troops then invaded New Orleans and overwhelmed the flaccid American army located there. Nonetheless, through General Andrew Jackson's military brilliance and Jean Lafitte's geographical knowledge the United States were able to drive out the British army, despite being outnumbered three to one. This investigation aims to educate on how an American war hero was able to put aside the fact that Jean Lafitte was a smuggler and allow him to ambitiously fight for America. Included will be the background of the pirate Jean Lafitte, the process in which Jackson admitted Lafitte into the army, and how victory was ultimately achieved. Research will be gathered from a variety of scholarly works and biographies, as well as primary sources in the format of first hand letters. B. Summary of Evidence While Great Britain was at war with France's Napoleon in Europe, the United States eagerly looked to their neighbors to the North; The British ruled Canada, and the opportunity arose to possess more land with an abundance of resources. The young USA was already seeking to raise its worldly status. ...read more.

Middle

Here Lafitte realized the dangerousness the waterways from the Gulf of Mexico proposed to New Orleans. Eventually General Andrew Jackson made Edward Livingson his own military secretary. Letters from Livingson to Jackson reveal his friendship to Lafitte, causing him to persuade Jackson to accepted the Lafittes' help (Saxon, 321) C. Evaluation of Sources Saxon, Lyle. Lafitte the Pirate. Post Falls, ID:Century Co. 1930 The first source to be considered is Lyle Saxon's "Lafitte the Pirate." Lyle Saxon was a well respected journalist out of New Orleans who reported for The Times-Picayune. He wrote several books about the history of New Orleans, this being one of them. Being a journalist, Saxon holds access to many articles regarding Louisiana. Thus, information throughout this novel is backed by primary sources from Lafitte or Jackson themselves. The book itself has a very valuable in depth look into the details of the Lafittes' trading system. The text exposes how they took advantage of the citizens of Louisiana financially, and how these people reacted to their situation. By being from New Orleans itself, Saxon has a bias to this perspective. He, although justifiably, favors the side of the towns people. Therefore he portrays Lafiitte as a pirate nonetheless. It is unfortunate that a book or journal from the Lafitte's perspective was not available. Remini, Robert V. The Battle of New Orleans. New York, NY: Penguin (non-classics) 2001 The next source to be considered is Robert V. Remini's "The Battle of New Orleans: Andrew Jackson and America's First Military Victory." ...read more.

Conclusion

E. Conclusion Pirate Jean Lafitte realized the potential of the wealth and resources coming from what was known as the 'New World.' He and his brothers, Pierre in particular, set up shop in Barataria and found a way to intercept the Spanish slave ships and steal their goods and slaves. The pirates then sold these stolen goods to Americans from around the Mississippi. Through this trade and piracy process the Lafitte brothers gained a distinct knowledge of the waterways of the river, along with wealth and an abundance of supplies. When the United States went to war with Great Britain, the British invaded New Orleans with an overwhelming amount of troops. General Andrew Jackson looked to Lafitte and his pirates of Barataria to aid in the battle. Due to their maps and knowledge, along with the keen battle sense of Jackson, the US Army was able to force the British out of bayou and out of New Orleans. After the war, the pirates received nothing but praise. Many claimed that "the amnestied rebels of Barataria in truth, performed miracles" (Davis, 293). Jackson renewed his promise to inform the government of their conduct and lend his support to appeal for pardon. The Lafittes and fellow Baratarians were granted pardon form Louisiana legislature and the president for all violations of any acts of Congress touching on commerce or intercourse with foreign nations prior to January 8, 1815 (Saxon, 245). On February 6, President Madison showed his support in a proclamation which referred to the Baratarians as citizens who had formerly forgotten their duty to the law (Davis, 313). The Lafitte brothers went on to lead a public life, often seen in coffee houses and taverns. F. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    It was agreed that plebiscites, based on universal manhood suffrage, should be held in all the states concerned. In March 1860, strenuous propaganda in favour of fusion ensured that each area the majority in favour if annexation to Piedmont was overwhelming. In Tuscany 366,571 voted for union; 14,925 voted against.

  2. Compare and Contrast the Democratic Successes and Failures of Andrew Jackson and Nelson Mandela

    moved regardless of Congress and tipped the branches of power, throwing the system of checks and balances into turmoil. Finally, another notable crisis that Jackson failed to handle properly was the nullification crisis during 1828 to 1832, which merged issues of sectional strife with disagreements over tariffs.

  1. WW2 historical investigation. To assess the degree to which intelligence lead to the victory ...

    24 "This cipher produced an almost total stoppage of intelligence." 25 .In 1942, a total of 1000 merchant ships were sunk with the loss of only 85 U-boats. 26 Not until December 1942 the allies were able to break into the Triton cipher 27 Due to this breakthrough was the

  2. The North, The South, and Slavery

    Working-class women did not cultivate the domestic issues 2. Worked in factories under bad conditions 3. Found employment in middle-class homes 4. Domestic service- frequent sources of female employment 5. Women that needed to earn money had to move outside household to do so i.

  1. Napoleon Bonaparte: Son or Enemy of the Revolution?

    French Politics, Culture and Society, Vol. 24, 2006: 1. 5 Herson Jr., James P. Napoleon: A Political Life: 1 6 Pilbeam, Pamela M. Themes in Modern European History, 1780-1830. Routledge, 1995: 48. 7 Matthews, Andrew. "Napoleon and Europe: France 1799-1815." Revolution and Reaction Europe 1789-1849. Cambridge: Cambridge Univesity, 2001: 76.

  2. Source Analysis. This investigation focuses on how Cuba was affected by the U.S. ...

    This caused Cuba to become deprived of their human rights. "The restrictions imposed on trade and financing..severely limit Cuba's capacity to import medicines, medical equipment, and the latest technologies, some of which are essential for treating life-threatening diseases and maintaining Cuba's public health programmer."9 Cuba was no longer able to

  1. Battle of Britain Research - to what extent was Hitlers indefinite postponement of Operation ...

    Hurricanes per month7 * Total losses: 832 fighters and 1132 men8 General Information * At the climax of the battle, on Sept. 15th, the Luftwaffe sent two large-scale raids on London that were both held off by the RAF. Luftwaffe losses were high this day.

  2. The Westeinde is one of the higher parts of The Hague, and the story ...

    After Catherine's execution Huguette was banished from Holland. Now Gerrit van Assendelft, after his wife's death at the hands of the executioners, determined to cut his son Nicolaes out of his inheritance. He had indeed to give his son his "legitimate portion" but why leave to this child of "a woman of poor and humble origin" all his titles and extensive properties?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work