• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Lecture Notes 1914-1950

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

American Crusade I. "Over There" A. Causes of War Germany was made up of multiple provinces- not united 1700's: Prussia begins to gain power- conquer German neighbors 1800's: Germany is very well developed in the Iindustrial Revolution- they become united 1870-71: Franco- Prussian War Bismark "von Chancellor"-- 1860-1890: work for Kaiser Wilhelm Once Wilhelm dies, Wilhelm II takes over and fires Bismarck The emergence of Germany brings together England and France The Isms 1. Imperialism- the world is open for conquering 2. Militarism- The idea that war is good "Dreadnought"- big boats- whoever has the most are best England and U.S. lead this Fully automatic guns are standard issue Airplanes are now used in war 3. Nationalism- patriotism gone bad Alliance system System between great powers- if one gets attacked than the others will defend it Entente- Britain, France, Russia Central Powers- Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turks, Italy -Italy switches sides in 1915 -Russia left and U.S. joined in 1917 B. Courses The Powder Keg of Europe- The Baltic's Baltic's are controlled by Ottoman Turks Turks begin to lose power and "Serbs" come up to take control Both Austria and Russia want the Baltic Territory 1914- Arch Duke Ferdinand of Austria goes to the Baltic's Terrorist group of Serbs called the Black Hand kill the Arch Duke Russia, being Slavic like the Serbs, defend them against Austria- Hungary and the alliances ...read more.

Middle

1936 Election -Roosevelt wins -Roosevelt brings together in voting power: blacks, labor unions, big city political machines, urbanites, intellectuals -Through his "New Deal" he got the vote of blacks etc, and maintained the vote of the south. - Court Packing Scheme -Judiciary Act of 1937 -Any Supreme Court Justices over the age of 70 must retire -Is immediately dropped E. New Deal: Pros and Cons CONS -Changed gov't fundamentally -Didn't get rid of the Depression -Deficit spending-42 billion dollars in 1939 -Somewhat socialist -"Nanny State" made everyone dependent upon the gov't PROS -"Safety Net" -Economy didn't collapse -There wasn't a revolution -Made the Depression better than it was II. League of the Lame -America never joins -Many treaties are negotiated but none are enforceable -League has no power or military -League fouled because France and Britain were wimps -A movie came out- "Things to Come" III. Rogue's Gallery - Benito Mussolini- "Il Duce"-ITALY -Fascist Party-Totalitarian Dictatorship - Hirohito- "God-like" Japan o Has pet dictator Jojer-pretty much leader of the country - Hitler- GERMANY o Becomes leader of Nazi party o Starts revolution in 1923 o While in jail he writes "Mein Kampf" ("My Struggle") -His plan for Germany -HIS GOALS FOR GERMANY -Reverse the Depression -Make a military -Get rid of the Jews -Reunite all German-speaking Europeans - In 1933 he becomes dictator of Germany THE WAR TO END WAR- PART 2 I. ...read more.

Conclusion

-McCarthy comes up w/a list of Commies in America -He held a lot of hearings accusing (falsely) many people of being communist -Accuses - the U.S. Army of being full of communists - oversteps his limit - he gets shut down in 70 to question vote by congress -The red scare mellows out, but is not gone -Things that keep the Red Scare alive -The Rosenberg's - give atomic bomb technology to Soviets -Sputnik - first satellite in space II. Truman Presidency -Democrat - FDR Vice President -The Fair Deal -Put in concrete all the things that Roosevelt did w/the new deal -Keeps the parts that are good -1948 - The democratic party splits -1948 election - Three democrats: -Wallace (progressive democrats) -Truman (real democrat) - Thurmond (democrats) -Republicans run Dewey -Everyone thought that Dewey would win due to the democratic split III. Eisenhower Era -"Baby Boom" 45-61.5 million babies born -U.S. became 41% wealthy, 6% population -Europe was destroyed & we weren't (we rebuild Europe & get rich) -The G.I. bill: government program that pays college tuition for veterans -Almost all were white -When white soldiers returned they moved to suburbs -Many new communities are created around the automobile -So much more to buy (T.V.) -There is a shift in political power: southern politicians become presidents (South sunbelt; north sunbelt) - Brown vs. Board of Ed. (1954) -Black girls are not allowed in elementary school-argued by Marshall - Blacks win, separate & not equal ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The Roaring Twenties in Australia.

    Most jobs were closed to them. Marriage could be a choice for men but for most women it was an economic necessity. Marriage, however, meant economic dependence on a husband so women had little power in society. Despite this lack of power, several women led the struggle for change.

  2. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    all royal edicts before they became a law. Third Estate - BURGHERS (mieszczanie) AND FREE PEASANTS -> Third Estate consisted of burghers and free peasants (but not serfs). It was accounted for 99% of the French society under the ancient regime. Peasants were the most numerous group .

  1. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    � Others think that such a state is pure fantasy Mazzini's ideas constitute a remarkably 'modern' agenda, and a remarkably radical one in the 19th century. No wonder moderate liberals in the 1840s looked upon him as dangerous. How could they attract the support of France, while he called for all foreign nations to stand aside in Italian affairs?

  2. American Response to the Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    bombs be made; but there was some justification - the danger that the Germans would make them" (Long)

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Simplification of court procedures to speed decisions. Positive results 1. Major contribution to modernization H. Seton-Watson ?raised general moral and political standards?court room was the one place with real freedom of speech? 2. Promoted a climate based on rule of law Problems 1.

  2. Comparing Trench Warfare and Blitzkrieg

    The armored forces are used as the defense line to infantry, but also act as a spearhead, penetrating enemy defense with fast mobility and destructiveness. Meanwhile, the armored forces cause destruction to enemy forces; the aerie forces support the ground forces by cutting off enemy supplies and reinforcement.

  1. Ancient Greece revision notes

    These kingdoms lasted until absorbed into the expanding Roman Empire in the 2nd and 1st Centuries BCE. Pericles * He was the first citizen of Athens; he was an Athenian general who led Athens into the Peloponnesian war * He was significant because he created/built many beautiful palaces and structures

  2. 20th Century History Revision Notes

    1920’s and 1930’s The cost of living in Canada increased dramatically, and the soldiers hoped to get a good job after was due to all the sacrifices The union movement declared that economy should benefit employers Labour movement was called to have a voice and share of profit Labour ï

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work