• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Soviet Union Economy

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

By the end of 1920s, Russia was in a period of changes to come. The economic policy that it had implemented, NEP, was not producing the sort of society that many communists wanted. The right wing of the party, on the other hand, did support the NEP. So, in this conflict, one thing they agreed on and was sure: Russia needed to be industrialized and modernized as quickly as possible. On how to do it there was a conflict. The NEP, from the Bolsheviks point of view, was not going quickly enough and it was not developing an industrial, urban, proletarian and socialist society. So, at the Fifteenth Party Congress in December 1927, the Five-Years Plans were announced marking the end of the NEP. This change in Russia's economy was called The Great Turn. These plans aimed towards a more rapid industrialization and the setting of high targets for industry to achieve, through a so called "command economy". The extent to which the Five-Years Plans were succeeded in industry is partial. Firstly, the Five-Years Plans were successful because Russia did achieve one of the main goals that she had pre-established which were was creating the industrial base necessary for a powerful armaments industry, by increasing rapidly the growth of heavy industry. ...read more.

Middle

Industrialization made peasants emigrate from the countryside to urban places and there, work in projects for heavy industry. Also the USSR moved into first place in Europe and second in the world, only behind the U.S, in gross industrial output. Russia was a rival to the U.S and Germany in terms of industrial production. The government by having a command economy and by having all national resources under its control enabled it to impose a stricter hold on the workers. With all these, Russia had the tools to consolidate as a socialist country and be directed towards a communist state. Even if the targets of the Five-Years Plans were sometimes unrealistic, they were designed to drive people forward to achieve the impossible. For one reason or another, people were helping to build the socialist Russia. The reason why the Five-Years Plans were not successful in industry is that they did not provide a systematical growth, but a very unbalanced one and also economic, politic, and social chaos. First, some industrial branches as coal, oil armaments, farm machinery, steel and iron grew faster at the expense of other as electricity, transports, chemicals and consumer goods, producing scarcity in the market of indispensable goods for people. Official Soviet statistics showing the extent to which the targets of the first and second Five-Years Plans were achieved. ...read more.

Conclusion

Russia's economy became chaos, with the exception of the period of the second Five-Years Plans and specially the so called "three good years" during 1934-36 and was affected by corruption and bribery. Was it worthy? That the peasants and their families suffered to death? It is a big controversial, because what if Russia had been totally defenseless by when the II World War started? People may have suffered the same or even more. Russia may have been torn apart. "Some historians have concluded that the type of command economy that emerged, with clearly set priorities, seemed reasonably well suited to the circumstances of the USSR in the 1930s."7 Therefore, this quote states that the rapid the development of industrialization was necessary and that Russia commanded its economy successfully towards what had to be done by that time and in their condition. 1 R. Hutchings, Soviet Economic development (Oxford 1967), ch.6 in Stephen J. Lee, Stalin and the Soviet Union (Routledge, 1999) p. 44. 2 Class handout. 3 Stephen J. Lee, Stalin and the Soviet Union (Routledge, 1999) p. 52 4 Stephen J. Lee, Stalin and the Soviet Union (Routledge, 1999) p. 89 5 Chris Corin and Terry Fiehn, Communist Russia under Lenin and Stalin: London (Hodder Murray, 2002) p. 181 6 S. Kotin, Magnetic Mountain: Stalinism as a Civilisation (1995), pp. 90-92 in class handout. 7 Chris Corin and Terry Fiehn, Communist Russia under Lenin and Stalin: London (Hodder Murray, 2002) p. 196 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Interwar Years: 1919-39

    There was no mechanism of guarantors for the eastern part of the Locarno Treaties; Locarno obliged none of the western powers to intervene in the event of the eastern settlement being violated. * In a bid to reassure Czechoslovakia and Poland, France renewed its treaties with them individually after the Locarno Conference.

  2. To what extent, if any, did the Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster contribute to the fall ...

    public of Soviet operations and to criticize the Soviet government and its nuclear industry and make them appear inadequate. However, the editorials are limited as a source since they are in fact coming from the Soviet's opposing side during the Cold War, which makes them biased and perhaps leaning toward propaganda against the Soviet Union.

  1. To what extent is it fair to say that with the impact of the ...

    22 The troops of the newly formed Cheka23 confiscated all kinds of grocery products, which led to bloody revolts and people being even more hungry.24 By 1918 the Ckeka had assassinated more than 10 000 "counterrevolutionaries".25 It also organized public hangings.26 Labour- and concentration camps were established.27 Everyone who was

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    3. Nicholas? stubborn and reactionary commitment to autocracy prevented progress to a more modern Russia which would contribute to the February Revolution. Impact of World War One 1914-1917 Crucial role in the Tsar?s downfall, how? Military impact 1. Initially popular and patriotic support but there were heavy military defeats (Tannenberg & Masurian Lakes)

  1. In what ways, and with what results had Stalin developed the Soviet Union into ...

    1928, mainly because of lack of focus on consumer goods and more on heavy industry.

  2. History questions on Soviet Russia and its relations with the rest of the World.

    Some threats that would be present though are war, tyranny, and poverty. Churchill also says that the knowledge of the atomic bomb should not be shared with any other countries because of its destructive danger and power. 2) What kind of relationship did Churchill favor between the United States and the British Commonwealth?

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Palestinian Nationalism - The PLO covenant of 1968 states that "Palestinians are those Arab nationals who, until 1947, normally resided in Palestine regardless of whether they were evicted from it or stayed there. Anyone born after that date of a Palestinian father - whether inside Palestine or outside it - is also Palestinian."

  2. A look at the Differing Views of Jimmy Hoffa by the Government, the Public, ...

    The IBT would become the largest single union in the United States under his leadership. It is also due to the countless investigations by the government, such as Robert Kennedy and the McClellan Committee, into what they deemed to be corrupt and illegal activities by Jimmy Hoffa.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work