• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Soviet Union Economy

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

By the end of 1920s, Russia was in a period of changes to come. The economic policy that it had implemented, NEP, was not producing the sort of society that many communists wanted. The right wing of the party, on the other hand, did support the NEP. So, in this conflict, one thing they agreed on and was sure: Russia needed to be industrialized and modernized as quickly as possible. On how to do it there was a conflict. The NEP, from the Bolsheviks point of view, was not going quickly enough and it was not developing an industrial, urban, proletarian and socialist society. So, at the Fifteenth Party Congress in December 1927, the Five-Years Plans were announced marking the end of the NEP. This change in Russia's economy was called The Great Turn. These plans aimed towards a more rapid industrialization and the setting of high targets for industry to achieve, through a so called "command economy". The extent to which the Five-Years Plans were succeeded in industry is partial. Firstly, the Five-Years Plans were successful because Russia did achieve one of the main goals that she had pre-established which were was creating the industrial base necessary for a powerful armaments industry, by increasing rapidly the growth of heavy industry. ...read more.

Middle

Industrialization made peasants emigrate from the countryside to urban places and there, work in projects for heavy industry. Also the USSR moved into first place in Europe and second in the world, only behind the U.S, in gross industrial output. Russia was a rival to the U.S and Germany in terms of industrial production. The government by having a command economy and by having all national resources under its control enabled it to impose a stricter hold on the workers. With all these, Russia had the tools to consolidate as a socialist country and be directed towards a communist state. Even if the targets of the Five-Years Plans were sometimes unrealistic, they were designed to drive people forward to achieve the impossible. For one reason or another, people were helping to build the socialist Russia. The reason why the Five-Years Plans were not successful in industry is that they did not provide a systematical growth, but a very unbalanced one and also economic, politic, and social chaos. First, some industrial branches as coal, oil armaments, farm machinery, steel and iron grew faster at the expense of other as electricity, transports, chemicals and consumer goods, producing scarcity in the market of indispensable goods for people. Official Soviet statistics showing the extent to which the targets of the first and second Five-Years Plans were achieved. ...read more.

Conclusion

Russia's economy became chaos, with the exception of the period of the second Five-Years Plans and specially the so called "three good years" during 1934-36 and was affected by corruption and bribery. Was it worthy? That the peasants and their families suffered to death? It is a big controversial, because what if Russia had been totally defenseless by when the II World War started? People may have suffered the same or even more. Russia may have been torn apart. "Some historians have concluded that the type of command economy that emerged, with clearly set priorities, seemed reasonably well suited to the circumstances of the USSR in the 1930s."7 Therefore, this quote states that the rapid the development of industrialization was necessary and that Russia commanded its economy successfully towards what had to be done by that time and in their condition. 1 R. Hutchings, Soviet Economic development (Oxford 1967), ch.6 in Stephen J. Lee, Stalin and the Soviet Union (Routledge, 1999) p. 44. 2 Class handout. 3 Stephen J. Lee, Stalin and the Soviet Union (Routledge, 1999) p. 52 4 Stephen J. Lee, Stalin and the Soviet Union (Routledge, 1999) p. 89 5 Chris Corin and Terry Fiehn, Communist Russia under Lenin and Stalin: London (Hodder Murray, 2002) p. 181 6 S. Kotin, Magnetic Mountain: Stalinism as a Civilisation (1995), pp. 90-92 in class handout. 7 Chris Corin and Terry Fiehn, Communist Russia under Lenin and Stalin: London (Hodder Murray, 2002) p. 196 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Interwar Years: 1919-39

    * The Dawes Plan made Germany dangerously reliant on the continuation of America loans, so that Germany was particularly hard hit when Wall Street crashed in 1929. * The serious nature of the crisis for international relations and Europe's economic stability led to a new approach by British, French and

  2. To what extent, if any, did the Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster contribute to the fall ...

    This incident kept the mistrust and hostility between the Soviet Union and the West.6 Calculated as the most severe in the history of the nuclear power industry, the Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster released large amounts of radionuclides over 40% of Europe and still resides in large areas of modern-day Belarus, Ukraine,

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Banned alcohol, government?s main revenue source. People produced vodka illegally which circumvented the ban and didn?t bring any revenue. 4. Inflation workers wages had increased by 100% but prices had increased 300% on average. Impact on living conditions 1.

  2. History questions on Soviet Russia and its relations with the rest of the World.

    Some threats that would be present though are war, tyranny, and poverty. Churchill also says that the knowledge of the atomic bomb should not be shared with any other countries because of its destructive danger and power. 2) What kind of relationship did Churchill favor between the United States and the British Commonwealth?

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Israeli responses: - Beginning of conflict, Israel was only interested in furthering its own aims, and obtaining security. - Following the 1967 War Israel found it self with a great deal more land, as well as more Arabs, encompassed within the nation.

  2. A look at the Differing Views of Jimmy Hoffa by the Government, the Public, ...

    declared a work stoppage just as a truck filled with Florida strawberries arrived at the warehouse. Forcing their hand, management agreed to meet with Hoffa and the other union officials the following morning on the condition that they continue to work.

  1. Is there any suspicion with regard to the death of Vladimir Lenin, the undisputed ...

    critic and rival at that time, Joseph Stalin, who later on went on to become the man in charge of the entire Socialist state(Mail). This concept is strongly held by historians and experts of such cases like Lev Lurie. Autopsy report: The autopsy conducted reveals that there was no major health issue as such.

  2. In what ways, and with what results had Stalin developed the Soviet Union into ...

    In 1928 the targets for First Five Year plan were published. Stalin used Propaganda and his cult of personality to ensure people were following his rule. Religion of any kind was banned to make him the ultimate god of Russia.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work