• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Odyssey Commentary

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'What a strange woman you are!' he exclaimed. 'The gods of Olympus gave you a harder heart than any other woman. No other wife could have steeled herself to keep so long out of the arms of a husband who had just returned to her in his native land after twenty wearisome years. Well, nurse, make a bed for me to sleep alone. For my wife's heart is as hard as iron.' 'What a strange man you are,' said the cautious Penelope. 'I am not being haughty or contemptuous of you, though I'm not surprised that you think I am. But I have too clear a picture of you in my mind as you were when you sailed from Ithica in your long-oared ship. Come, Eurycleia, move the great bed outside the bedroom that he himself built and make it up with fleeces and blankets and brightly coloured rugs.' This was her way of putting her husband to the test. But Odysseus flared up at once and rounded on his loyal wife. 'Lady,' he cried, 'your words are a knife in my heart! Who has moved my bed? That would be hard even for a skilled workman, though for a god who took it into his head to come and move it somewhere else would be quite easy. ...read more.

Middle

The vile men who have been courting his wife Penelope and abusing his inexperienced and non-confident son, Telemachus, in hopes of competing for Penelope's hand in marriage will finally meet their match. The journey is complete, and destiny almost fulfilled. Odysseus' return home to Ithaca is at last coming to the end of its cycle. One can only imagine the swirling emotions that Odysseus must have felt when all his turmoil had come to a close. The ruthless and greedy Suitors who have infiltrated the humble and modest palace had their deaths written down by fate. When Odysseus reveals his inherent superiority to the suitors, they all suffer the same sort of humiliating and painful punishments. Their disrespectful and cowardly behaviour during Odysseus' twenty-year absence was returned with full vengeance. In the aftermath of the bloody battle, the faithful nurse, Eurycleia, informs Penelope of the return of her loving husband, though she discards the news without concern. Even the words of her own son do not seem to alter her emotions because she remains wary, afraid that a god is playing a trick on her. Telemachus rebukes her for not greeting Odysseus in a more loving manner because even he was unsure how to react when he first saw his father. ...read more.

Conclusion

Next I lopped all the branches off the olive, trimmed the trunk from the root up, rounded it smoothly and carefully with my adze and trued it to the line, to be my bedpost. I drilled holes in it, and using it as the first bedpost I constructed the rest of the bed. Then I finished it off with an inlay of gold, silver and ivory, and fixed a set of gleaming purple straps across the frame." The poignant statement unlocks a sympathetic response from the audience, as one can truly comprehend the compassion, faith and trust Odysseus had placed within Penelope. The mood and tone transform from anger and intensity to warmth and sympathy. It was destiny that set them apart and destiny that brought them together; it was all meant to be. The wedding bed represents the tranquility of the relationship between Odysseus and Penelope, husband and wife. The distinct similarities between Odysseus and Penelope, especially their crafty minds, show that their marriage can never fail, no matter what obstacles come between them. Even with the stress, anxiety and confusion in their given situations, this special bond always seemed to guide both Odysseus and Penelope towards the correct path. The theme of the loss and regaining of identity can be incorporated with Odysseus and Penelope. Their time away from one another results in them losing their identities and Odysseus' response to the wedding bed question allows their identities to blossom once again. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Languages section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Languages essays

  1. Age of Iron Commentary

    The prose then continues into short dialogue, demonstrating that the narrator is represented as a motherly figure because of the tone of caring in the dialogue such as "when did you leave the hospital and you must keep that cut covered, otherwise it will get infected..."

  2. study guide- Ibsen's A Doll's House

    That's why the son was always ailing, right from being a child." (Act Two) * sickly, unwell; unsound or troubled Fraudulent- * Krogstad: "But did it never strike you that this was fraudulent..?" (Act One) * given to or using fraud, as a person; cheating; dishonest Cunning- * Helmer: "...He

  1. Poem Commentary on "Strange Meeting"

    This shows that the war had destroyed lives and the word "encumbered" suggests that they were troubled and had unresolved conflicts when they died. The word "sleepers" further suggests ambiguity. The first meaning of literal sleep or rest further provides the dream-like quality that the persona is experiencing.

  2. Iliad, Odyssey, and Metamorphoses - Hubris

    Nevertheless, Polyphemus demonstrates hubris during this scene by believing that because he is a giant, he is unbeatable by anyone, even a god. This is shown when Odysseus meets Polyphemus and greets him with gifts. Failure to give gifts can lead to revenge from the gods.

  1. Long Days Journey Into Night

    of what happened before, and so as a topic of conversation it is forbidden by unvoiced consent until eventually Jamie faces up to the fact that she seems to be returning to her old condition. This state of affairs seems to have come about as a form of resistance -

  2. Christmas - origins, traditions and ideas for making gifts.

    Frost, Jack: The personification of cold weather, in other words, an imaginary creature who brings frosty weather. G Gift: Something given. Also know as present. That which Santa leaves under the Christmas tree. Ginger: A pungent aromatic root used as flavouring.

  1. Articles of VN War

    thuong xuy�n voi TCS, v� nh�t hang l� viec c�n bo Th�nh uy Viet Cong Hu� L� Khac C�m, d� nhi�u l�n ti�p x�c v�i TCS. T�i d� n�i voi TCS: "Voi chung d� su viec du cho t�i c� th� k� lenh bat giu anh, cho th�m v�n ,

  2. The Use of Epithets and Similes to Make Characters Familiar in The Odyssey

    It also indicates the precision with which Odysseus dealt the blow, as though he were accustomed to using his incredible strength for such endeavors. The comment on his build and skill make it seem as though he has been laboring since long before this trap.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work