• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

TOK Discuss the theories that claim the 1969 Apollo Moon Landing was either a hoax or reality.

Extracts from this document...


Discuss the theories that claim the 1969 Apollo Moon Landing was either a hoax or reality. Over the past several decades, the 1969 moon landings have raised significant arguments over the idea that they were faked. I shall explore the knowledge issues and different theories in considerable depth to acquire both an understanding and opinion over this issue. It is a difficult matter though, in fact the moon landing conspiracies could be considered as a pseudoscience. A pseudoscience can be defined as a theory, methodology, or practice that is considered to be without scientific foundation (http://www.thefreedictionary.com/pseudoscience). This relates to the moon landings as numerous conspiracy theories do use "faulty" science to justify that they were hoaxed, thus they have been labeled as pseudoscientific claims. ...read more.


As there is no atmosphere on the moon there is therefore no weather, so the flag cannot wave. So from both deductive reasoning and our sense perception this theory seems entirely logical. We cannot imply inductive reasoning to this matter because only a few selective people have travelled to the moon; therefore we cannot judge by experience. If we look deeper into the issue though we can use our sense perception and scientific knowledge to identify that the cloth of the flag isn't waving. We perceive it like that because of the way the flag was deployed. The flag hangs from a horizontal rod which telescopes out from the vertical one. ...read more.


NASA is the company whom planned and initiated the space program, so this could be made up and therefore unreliable. For this reason we cannot entirely trust language as a reliable source of information. Yet there are many other sources that agree with is http://pirlwww.lpl.arizona.edu/~jscotti/NOT_faked/. Although the ultimate way to prove that the moon landing isn't a hoax through simple logic. Why would NASA invest millions, maybe even billions of dollars into sending people to space even after it had been done once? From simple logic that would seem simply ridiculous. Why take the risk of faking other moon landings if they did fake the first one, it simply increases the chances of people find. It seems that little supporters of conspiracy theory raise this point in their arguments. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. Rebuttal paper nasa

    There are large quantities of minerals available in space. For instance, S-type- a composition of Iron, Magnesium, Platinum and other metals is worth more than $20 trillion. (Dimandis W3). He also points that if the US space shuttle turns down, to launch American astronauts Russian help will be needed at

  2. Does the nature of our sense organs authoritatively determine the nature of our ultimate ...

    Much quieter, surely, and perhaps a lot more peaceful. In the case of colour blind people, it is undoubtedly not the same to see a tree with green leaves and a brown trunk than to see one exactly the opposite.

  1. How do the 4 WOKS interact to give a picture of a reality?

    Marcel Proust is not true. Though, at times an overpowering surge of emotion may capitalize the other WoKs, and we may act in moments of impulse reason is an aftermath that often gets us to regret the decision. This is true in cases of underage sex, or unprotected impulsive intercourses.

  2. Dianetics - a science or pseudoscience?

    He is ignoring natural laws on purpose by stating that a science is built on "definite axioms". We know that any scientist is working out from a null-hypothesis and that he relies on data collected empirically. Therefore, Hubbard is simply wrong by claiming that a science is based on a set of convenient truisms.

  1. A Streetcar named Desire - We can evade reality but we cannot avoid the ...

    Rather than confessing to police his guilt surrounding the murder of Kahane, Mill instead hides the reality to prevent his utter social destruction. Through his lies, and the presentation of a reality in which he did not murder Kahane, Mill prevents his social collapse and through further lies and ulterior

  2. The Language Instinct - theories of Pinker and Chomsky

    After all, what sort of thoughts could not be expressed in language or behavior? Are they thoughts at all? How are they distinguished from emotions that cannot be expressed, or demonic possessions that cannot be expressed? This is exactly the point that underlies the Turing test: the sophistication of someone's

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work