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PROJECT MANAGEMENT OF KOLKATA METRO AND DELHI METRO

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Introduction

TO STUDY THE PROJECT MANAGEMENT OF KOLKATA METRO AND DELHI METRO HIGHLIGTHING THE IMPORTANCE OF MANAGING PROJECT WITH SAME OBJECTIVE IN KOLKATA AND DELHI Submitted by:- Table of Contents 1. Overview a. Initializing.........................................................................................3 b. Planning and Design.............................................................................3 c. Executing..........................................................................................4 d. Cost Control (Controlling).......................................................................5 e. Assessment.......................................................................................6 2. Comparison Of Delhi Metro with Kolkata Metro a. Project Cost.........................................................................................7 b. Project Time........................................................................................11 c. Project Autonomy..................................................................................13 d. Project HR management...........................................................................12 e. Project Revenue.....................................................................................14 f. Quality Management...............................................................................15 3. Conclusion............................................................................................16 4. References..........................................................................................17 Overview Before we begin the comparison project management has five stages:- 1. Initializing 2. Planning and Design 3. Executing 4. Monitoring 5. Controlling Initializing This development came about due to the following concerns ? Delhi saw a rapid growth in population from 57 lakhs in 1981 to 162 lakhs in 2006. This has been accompanied by vehicular congestion, due to increase in number of vehicles from 5.4lakhs in 1981 to 51 lakhs in 2007. ? Traffic on roads of Delhi had become a chaotic. ? The average number of people killed per day has increased to 5 and of those injured to 13. ? The private bus transport which was encouraged in 1992 to supplement the public bus service in Delhi, failed completely due to unreliability of service, extreme overcrowding, unqualified drivers, speeding and reckless driving, and often ran down passengers waiting at bus stops. ? This called for a policy shift to encourage public mode Planning and Design ? Soft loans extended by the Japan International Cooperation Agency. ? The project brought in a lot of new technologies into the country. A number of innovative practices like driving of tunnels with earth pressure balanced mechanical shields, ballast less track technology, automatic ticketing and signaling, high end communication systems between the trains and the operation control centers, light weight and air conditioned metro coaches and station buildings. ...read more.

Middle

The cost of construction escalated to $32.55million at 1993-94 price level due to delay. The metro, which started its journey Oct 24, 1984, was constructed entirely by Indian Railway engineers, without help from a single foreign consultant or foreign contractor. The major stretch of the metro lies below sea level. The East-west metro project is estimated to be a Rs4,874.58 crores ($1.1 billion) project. The EW metro's major stake is with Indian Railways and rest with Japan Bank of International Cooperation. To avoid the mistakes in construction of North south metro project , the east west project would be operated by a separate and new company called Kolkata Metro Rail Corporation. The following table depicts the components of capital cost for Kolkata Metro East west corridor project: The State Government of West Bengal initially had not been as supportive towards the metro project in there city as the Delhi State Government has been towards its own project. The operations of Trams in the city were heavily subsidized as they were provided cheaper electric power while no subsidy was provided to Metro Railway as it was operated by central government. The previous table compares the fare of Delhi metro (DMRC) and Kolkata Metro. Kolkata metro provides the cheapest fares in the world but this also has led to continuous loss generation. There have been hefty hike in the salaries of staff as well however the earnings have not increased in the same ratio. Comparison:- Project Time "Project Time Management describes the processes required to ensure timely completion of the project. It consists of activity definition, activity sequencing, activity duration estimating, schedule development, and schedule control." Delhi Metro:- Delhi Metro Railway Corporation (DMRC) ...read more.

Conclusion

2nd metro in the world to be ISO 14001 certified for environmentally friendly construction ? Won awards for environmentally friendly practices from organizations including the UN and International Organization for Standardization ? Most of the Metro stations on the Blue Line conduct rainwater harvesting as an environmental protection measure. Kolkata Metro- Calcutta Metro took 22 years for completion and the cost went up by 14 times and more than anything else when the Metro was under construction, the city was put to a lot of hardships and inconvenience. The central revenue itself, which is the artery of the whole city was kept open just like that for years. However with new metro project in Kolkata for east west line General Consultant is hired who monitor the contractor's activities for quality assurance. Conclusion Though the Delhi Metro may shine in comparison to Calcutta's, its financial picture may not actually be as glowing as it is made out to be. Certain critics of Delhi metro have the opinion that the balance sheet is healthy not because of sound financial management but due to excessive help from the government. Apart from getting concessional loans and land, DMRC is exempted from paying a slew of taxes and duties and dividend on government equity for 30 years. Kolkata Metro cannot be labeled as complete failure either as it was established at the time when technology wasn't so sophisticated also the concepts of project management were not widely in use. But despite its lack of performance and technical glitches it showed us how to avoid the mistakes which are generally made in any major project. Today if Mr. E. Sreedharan was able to efficiently manage Delhi Metro Project only because he chose to learn from the mistakes made in management of Kolkata metro. ...read more.

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