• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Makes A Good Leader?. In this assignment I intend to explore some of the aspects related to effective leadership within an organisation.

Extracts from this document...


What Makes A Good Leader? Damien Kelly Student Number - 08751536 BAHHRD2 Organisational Behaviour - Michele Kehoe In this assignment I intend to explore some of the aspects related to effective leadership within an organisation. It could be argued that good leadership, in the times we are in, is essential for an organisation to remain competitive and indeed essential for its survival. When we think of leaders it conjures up images of famous political leaders like Barack Obama, Winston Churchill and social leaders like Ghandi, Martin Luther King and indeed, notorious leaders like Hitler and Stalin from the 1930's. This assignment will also examine some of the main concepts and theories put forward as to what exactly leadership is. A common word we will see associated with leadership is influence. Leadership is essentially the influence exerted over people through effective communication in order to reach specified attainable goals. Tannenbaum et al. (1961) define Leadership as "an interpersonal influence that is exercised in a situation and directed through the communication process towards the attainment of a specified goal." Many theories and concepts abound which will now be examined in detail throughout this paper. The earliest studies carried out in order to establish written theories and work in the area of leadership include that of the Trait Theories. Essentially this theory focused on the actual behaviours and characteristics of a subject to determine if these traits conformed to the theory that leaders were born not made. ...read more.


It is an important step to further establish the specific behaviours that exist in leaders compared to non-leaders. Essentially behavioural theories suggested that leaders could be moulded by identifying the specific behaviours rather than the traits required and to teach potential leaders to exhibit these behaviours. A closer look at some of the studies conducted, including the Ohio State University leadership Study, which was an important milestone in leadership research, suggested that there were two critical characteristics possessed of which either could be higher or lower which were dependent on each other. In order to assess the subordinates perceptions of their leaders, Behavioural Scientists developed a questionnaire which was conducted in both a military and industrial setting. These characteristics are consideration and initiation structure. Leaders high in initiating structure style and high in consideration style were generally more likely to achieve superior performance among their followers. Pictured below is the Four Leadership Styles established as part of the Ohio State University Leadership Studies Ohio State University Leadership Study. Four Leadership Styles. Another established theory in relation to leadership is the Contingency Theory which examines the relationship between the leader and the actual situation the leader finds them in. Fiedler introduced a number of studies in the 1970's regarding the leadership of teams and workgroups in what was known as the emergence of situational leadership models through his LPC models. ...read more.


It can be argued that effective leadership will be paramount moving forward in ever increasing social media dominance. It has the ability to influence people on a mass scale and to engage people in debate and for a generation the preferred form of communication. The most notable of late being the emergence of social movements online being a contributing factor to the political upheaval in North African countries. This is where a challenge lies for leaders. For an organisation they are going to be heavily marketing on the internet and recruitment will also be online. Where is the future of leadership? Ultimately it will be situational leadership. Leaders will have to adapt and change due to globalisation. A good example of this is the successful businessman Denis O'Brien who has to change his leadership style depending on his location. Where is the leadership in Libya one could ask? A situation has developed which reeks of incompetent leadership from those in government and not listening to the message coming from the people, or perhaps ignoring it. Effective leadership figure is Alex Ferguson who has had the arduous task of steering one of the most successful clubs in the world for over 20 years. Closer to home one can look to the utter failure personified in leadership of Brian Cowen and his government. In times where the public were demanding communication it was not forthcoming in relation to Anglo-Irish Bank, the IMF and the bank guarantees to name but a few. This is a time for leaders, as uncertainty abounds. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Human Resource Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Human Resource Management essays

  1. No one best style of leadership

    The situational approach of a contingency style of leadership can be seen as a preferable, human relations based method of leadership, as this type of leadership is most likely to increase job satisfaction, in turn improving work performance.


    could indicate their expectations and experiences on a scale of 1 to 10 in a self-completed questionnaire.. However, given the relatively small size of the organisation (46 staff) the impact on findings of a small return rate was considered. Concerns were raised in the literature review about the appraisal system being seen sometimes as ticking boxes.

  1. Key strand of thought in Sociology. In this assignment I intend to examine in ...

    According to Watson (2003, p. 21) psychologism is a tendency to explain social behaviour based solely on terms of the psychological characteristics of the individual. This leads onto an important sociologists work; Mc Gregor's theory X and Y. Essentially what this theory is trying to establish is that workers

  2. Organisational Change - The Wakewood Organisation

    To improve the performance of an organisation fist of all it is important to have a well defined organisational culture. Culture influences the process of changes in a company because therewith the management will work with clearly defined ways of doing things.

  1. Transformational Leadership. Transformational leadership involves the provision of leader influence on subordinates, but ...

    The possibility of personal development only state, and assumed that it occurs as a mere change in the individual qualities of isolated properties. Abstractness of understanding of the managerial competencies of their discrepancy with those or other managerial situations, subjective selection and understanding of significant professional quality, lack of distinguishing

  2. Leadership. There are many styles or ways that a leader can use to motivate ...

    These attract followers.it inspires them to follow the leader. Along with these factors a leader must also know how to lead them,motivate them ,guide them and instill passion, confidence, zeal towards life and work. The leader should be someone who can solve their problem, enable them to be thriving,create harmony among the teams,and stimulate them to show high performance.

  1. Management and leadership within health visiting team in Edmonton locality.

    to the leader's vision by using procedures, standards and guidelines of a particular practice. While management is a set of techniques and approaches that can be learnt, and managers have staffs, leaders have followers, vision and are motivators (Stewart 1998).

  2. Performance related pay

    However, people react in widely different ways to any form of motivation. The assumption that money in the form of PRP will motivate all people equally is untenable (Armstrong and Brown. 2006). PRP can demotivate some employees who are earning less PRP than their co-employees, or if they feel they?re being treated unfairly.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work