• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the relative roles of fate, chance and human responsibility in bringing about the outcomes of La Machine Infernale.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess the relative roles of fate, chance and human responsibility in bringing about the outcomes of La Machine Infernale. �dipus, the original play, was written with the intention of demonstrating how it is possible for the human race to fall. Around the time that Sophocles was writing, the power of the Gods was being doubted, and instead people were starting to believe they possessed free will, and were in control of their destinies. As in �dipus, La Machine Infernale manifests that fate will eventually conquer those who attempt to escape from it. Fate, chance and human responsibility are all contributors to the outcomes of La Machine Infernale, however, it was the fate decided by the Gods and prophesised to Jocaste that began the process that would lead to their tragic end. In this essay, I will answer the question by focusing on the three events in the play whilst assessing their roles in the occurring and outcomes of these situations. The first event which is central to the story is the meeting of Laius and �dipus. Cocteau writes how �dipus was already heading towards his fate, "La crainte...le jette vers son destin". Fate, in this instance, is the factor that drove �dipus literally towards the crossroads. Had his fate not been conveyed to him by Delphes, he would not have met Laius. ...read more.

Middle

A dramatic occurrence was needed both to bring the two together, and to raise �dipus to a high status of respect and honour, "Pour que les dieux s'amusent beaucoup, il importe que leur victime tombe de haut" It could be argued therefore that Fate dictated that he would defeat the sphinx, in order to achieve this criterion of the prophecy. �dipus' fate compels him to search out the sphinx to merit Jocaste's hand in marriage, "Si je tue le Sphinx...La reine Jocaste est veuve, je l'�pouserai". It was also the Sphinx's decision to allow �dipus to guess the riddle. Though, she seems to have shown pity towards him, he was destined to succeed in order for him to marry Jocaste, and her benevolence was therefore wasted. One could argue that chance did not play a significant role in this situation. It was perhaps chance that the Sphinx liked �dipus and at that time had grown weary of killing, "...si tu n'avais eu le privil�ge de me plaire". However, in my opinion, human responsibility was crucial to this part of the play, as traits of �dipus' personality such as his ambition and thirst for glory, "J'aime les foules qui pietient...le bonheur, la chance, vivre enfin!" prompted him to search out the Sphinx and become fixated on defeating it. ...read more.

Conclusion

Human responsibility becomes more evident when it is revealed how both Jocaste and �dipus lied to each other, "Mon histoire de chasse...fausse come tant d'autres", "Jocaste a d� mettre son crime sur le compte d'une de ses servantes". At this point, Jocaste is tortured by that which she has ignored or been unaware of throughout her marriage, and �dipus is similarly delirious, "...c'est fini...fini" before blinding himself. Jocaste and �dipus have displayed the same personality traits as they try to outwit the Gods, by running away from or abandoning that which connects them to the fate which has been prophesised. Their naivety is displayed at numerous points throughout, and in �dipus' case, the words are even said to him, "Une femme qui pourrait etre votre m�re!", making his ignorance pathetic, if not comedic. Human responsibility is the last factor which plays a major role in this play, yet Fate is in my opnion, the most important of all as it is the fate decided by the Gods which was the starting point of the tragedy. Chance has a relatively small part to play, as although it decided the details such as how �dipus kills Laius, and the way in which Jocaste and �dipus find out they have committed incest, their fate and therefore the outcome of the play, remains the same. 1,372 words ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree French section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree French essays

  1. Free essay

    Linguistic Situation in Canada-Qubc. The changing linguistic landscape of Quebec

    In the case of Canada, there is also change due to its contact with English. Some borrowed, adapted and created words have become part of what can be classed as standard Quebec French. An example of this is 'anglicisms'. Whether taking the form of direct word borrowings from English, eg, le boss (patron)

  2. Etude stratgique Toyota. Quels sont les points forts de Toyota ? Sur quels marchs ...

    la vigilance et le contr�le sont exerc�s par chacun � toutes les �tapes du processus de production. > L'entreprise Toyota entreprend des nombreux efforts marketing afin d'identifier et satisfaire au mieux les attentes de leurs consommateurs en tenant compte de leurs diff�rences nationales (�tudes et enqu�tes des comportements d'achat)

  1. Le Systme dinformation organisationnel : perspectives dvaluation du systme dinformation de contrle de gestion ...

    Comment les concevoir ? Quels en sont les utilisateurs et les administrateurs?, quelle est la fr�quence des traitements et de diffusion ? Quels sont les co�ts et les avantages des nouvelles applications ? Sont des exemples des probl�mes � r�soudre.

  2. Analyse the significance of Lipovetskys use of the terms postmodern and hypermodern.

    Telles est la soci�t� post-moderne, caracteris�e par une tendance globale � r�duire les rapports autoritaires et dirigistes et simultan�ment � accro�tre les choix priv�s ... "3. Throughout L'�re du vide Lipovetsky points to a variety of other ways in which this loosening of constraints and personalisation can be seen to be taking place.

  1. Boule de Suif est une nouvelle raliste de Guy de Maupassant parue en 1880. ...

    : C'est elle qui ach�ve de vaincre la r�sistance de Boule de Suif en affirmant qu'un p�ch� est vite : pardonn� s'il est accompli pour des motifs louables. Sa philosophie morale est tr�s habile. : e)L'officier prussien : : L'officier est un symbole de la " goujaterie naturelle du militaire victorieux " (p.29).

  2. DROIT DES MDIAS ET DE L'INFORMATION

    l�gitime d'un Etat d�mocratique � veiller � ce que sa fonction publique oeuvre aux fins �nonc�es � l'article 10 par. 2. En exer�ant ce contr�le, la Cour doit tenir compte du fait que, quand la libert� d'expression des fonctionnaires se trouve en jeu, les "devoirs et responsabilit�s" vis�s � l'article 10 par.

  1. Qu'est-ce que, pour toi, "l'anthropologie politique"? Comment te situes-tu dans ta démarche ethnologique actuelle ...

    l'un des termes de la division avait �t� �limin�, il est rest� une soci�t� non divis�e et par l�-dessus une machine �tatique (le parti aidant) d�tenant le pouvoir au b�n�fice du peuple travailleur, des ouvriers et des paysans. Bon. Qu'est-ce que c'est que l'URSS actuelle ?

  2. L'histoire de l'occupation et de la libération au cours du dernier conflit mondial qui ...

    L'Allemagne au contraire s'usera � l'occasion d'un conflit prolong� car son �conomie n'est pas en mesure de fournir un effort durable. Les fran�ais ont pris des strat�gies d�fensive : Si l'ennemi attaque, il se heurtera � la ligne Maginot, sur toute la longueur de la fronti�re commune � la France

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work