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University Degree: Macbeth
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Which scene do you regard as the most rewarding to compare in Akira Kurosawas Throne of Blood and Roman Polanskis Macbeth, and why do you think so? In your answer, you should take care to first analyze the scene in the play text before examining how
source of evil since it was lady Macbeth who persuades Macbeth to kill Duncan even though he has made up his mind not to kill Duncan; thirdly, it also touches upon the relationship between masculinity and cruelty as Lady Macbeth constantly challenges Macbeth's manhood while persuading him to kill Duncan. All these ideas are addressed and/or hinted in both Aikira Kurosawa and Roman Polanski's films. However, how they represent these ideas is subject to much scrutiny and interpretation and will be examined with specific focus on their choice of mise-en-scène, editing and acting craft.
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The 'Porter Scene' occurs at the start of Act II, and is multi-functional serving both practical technicalities and hidden meanings in the more sinister elements of the play. Shakespeare includes these comic scenes in his plays for a variety of reasons, and they are much more purposeful than merely adding some humour and lightening the mood. The location of this scene adds to the peculiarity of it and defamiliarizes the situation to the audience making events feel out of time and in the wrong space, resulting in possibility for its many interpretations.
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Tragedy? Another stylistic feature of Shakespeare's plays is the use of Blank Verse, which resembles the natural rhythm of spoken English. Macbeth is not the exception and with the omission of a few scenes the whole play is written in Blank Verse5, but the basis of this essay is going to be one of the themes treated by the author on the play rather than the stylistic devices of the writer's plays. Macbeth, as in every tragedy, describes the life of a good man, who by influence of others and by his own imperfections turns into darkness and ambition, killing other people.
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Macbeth - To what extend is Roman Polanski's interpretation of the witches in keeping with Shakespeare's text?
Polanski sets Act 1 scene 1 on a deserted beach, with eerie sounds. In Polanski's version the lines are in different order from the play. The witches of the film cast a spell using vile ingredients like a severed arm etc. By placing this scene on the beach shows the depth Polanski went into the historical content, as many battles in the Dark ages would have been fought on the beaches, as this is where armies would enter Scotland. The scene begins as the sunsets quite beautiful but as the witches enter the scene the atmosphere changes and becomes dark and evil.
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Instantly there's a definite contrast of mixed feelings in the air between Macbeth's reaction and Banquo's reaction. The prophecy that Macbeth will become thane of Cawdor and eventually King of Scotland gets the best of Macbeth. Macbeth seems to be very accepting and open minded to the prophecies of the three old hags and he doesn't care to question them. The three witches had easily seduced him, "Stay you imperfect speakers, tell me more!" Macbeth is obviously intrigued. However, Banquo seems to be much more disturbed and suspicious, he questions their motives more, "Were such things here as we do speak about?"
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The thane of Glamis he is but the thane of Cawdor is still alive. How could he also be thane of Cawdor? Perhaps the witches are lying and they are trying to play with his mind. After the witches disappear, Ross and Angus approach Macbeth and Banquo to let him know that Duncan has appointed him as the "thane of Cawdor" (Act 1, Scene 3, Line 110). Now he is "Glamis, and thane of Cawdor: [and] The greatest is behind" (Act 1, Scene 3, Lines 124-125). The first two prophecies have been fulfilled and the greatest prophecy of them all is the only one left.
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Act 1: Sc 2 This in turn shows us that the other soldiers and the captain see Macbeth as a very talented soldier who is willing to risk his life for the king. Another quote that proves my point about who Macbeth is at the start of the play comes from King Duncan himself and runs as follows: "O valiant cousin, worthy gentleman." Act 1: Sc 2 This is evidence that shows that even the king thinks highly of the Thane of Glamis and, just to prove his respect, he appoints him the new Thane of Cawdor, after the execution of the previous one for treason (a sign perhaps?).
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Kings are messengers of god, are they not? If I killed him what would happen to me? What if I cannot enter Heaven when I die? I will be sent to Hell, for an infinite life of torture and pain. My little sensation inside of me is my ambition for power. I want to kill the king and take on his role, but should I? Someone is coming. FRIDAY 13 OCTOBER LADY MACBETH BEFORE DUNCAN'S MURDER My husband's a weakling 'will not my dear'; more like 'cannot my dear'.
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There exists in Lady Macbeth a revelation of one of Shakespeare's most fearsome women. Lady Macbeth portrays a domineering, selfish character that uses cruelty as a guise. She forces herself to become cruel in order to convince Macbeth to further his ambition stating to herself "Come you spirits that tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here" (I, IV, 40-41). At this point, she wishes that she were not a woman so that she can commit the murder herself. Lady Macbeth continues to charge her husband further in saying "When you durst do it/ then you were a man/ and to be more than what you were, you would be so much more a man" (I, vii, 49-50).
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In scene one the witches are in an open place discussing where they will meet again. They speak of Macbeth, the reader thinks of what he could have to do with these strange creatures. The witches use poetic language and use paradoxes such as, "fair is foul, foul is fair/Hover through this fog and filthy air" The plot develops in scene three. The witches meet again but this time with Macbeth and Banquo as well. The witches tell them prophecies of their future success. They predict Macbeth will become thane of Cawdor and also king and that Baquo's children will become king too.
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Towards the end of the play the chorus refers to Medea as "this pitiable bloody handed fiend of vengeance." Is this how you see Medea?
Primarily in the early stages of the play we are able to sympathize with Medea. Her offstage monologue immediately portrays an enraged, wronged woman, overtaken with the grief of her husband's fundamental betrayal. "Oh how I hate living! I want to end my life, leave it all behind and die!" is a passionate cry from a woman who has been deeply offended. She has sacrificed so much for Jason, betraying her father, murdering her brother, deserting her homeland only to have her love rejected.
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Macbeth is shown as a man of stature and I believe that at this stage Macbeth is at the height of his power and the audience gains a positive opinion of him. At the end of the play we see Macbeth has retained his bravery and determination, for he says "Why Should I play the Roman fool and die / on mine own sword", which is a sudden reversal back to the Macbeth we saw at the beginning of the play, and quite unlike the weak Macbeth we saw mid play.
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Birds have been considered an important omen in ancient times, as well as the present. There are several kinds of birds that have very different meanings. Each type of bird may be a forecaster of either a good fortune or a bad fortune. In Asia, the crane represents a long life. The dove symbolizes love and peace and to dream of dove's means that happiness will be in the future. However, a raven is said to predict death and pestilence. Folklore says that a raven's sense of smell is so acute that it can smell death even before it comes.
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What dramatic methods does Wilde use to control what the audience thinks about Mrs Erlynne's Character?
Wilde has done this differently. In this play we first hate her then meet her and the admire her. First we hear about Mrs. Erlynne from The Duchess of Berwick in her "report" to Lady Windermere about her husband's affair with the lady in question and this makes us hate her. We then meet her at the ball where amongst all the gossip and conversation she makes an entrance, which demands the attention of all the people in the room.
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As I tell about genocide, I have the opportunity to redeem myself. What role does guilt play in the survivors lives.
The lengths which Loung take to survive parallel the principles extolled by the Angkar, emanating an intense guilt. The food shortage in Cambodia and the fluctuating rations results in an intense hunger. This hunger dictates Loung's actions to such an extent that she steals rice from her family and later, from an old lady at the infirmary. Through Loungs' childish perspective, these actions implicate herself as a factor in other peoples sufferings. As she steals rice from the old woman Loung believes she has "helped kill her". Loung associates stealing from her families store of with directly with Geak's starvation, describing her actions as stealing, "the food from her mouth".
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Macbeth was first performed in 1606, three years after James I succeeded Elizabeth I on the English throne. - William Shakespeare
The witches and the battles of Macbeth, too, may have been there in part to appeal to the audience. I also think that the audiences in the 17th century and today in the 21st century are very alike when it comes to entertainment; we haven't grown up much. Any film or play with blood and gore in it would be a great attraction for any playwrite or director and I think Shakespeare knew this when he was writing the play so he added the elements of the supernatural not just to please the king but also to please the audience.
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She then thinks of making herself evil so, 'that I may pour my spirits in thine ear', give her evil thoughts to Macbeth so he will think the same way as her. Throughout the play she shows she is a good talker who can talk Macbeth into her way of thinking 'chastise with the valour of my tongue.' She hears that king Duncan is coming to stay with them and then turns to the evil and calls the spirits 'come you spirits.' She want top get rid of all of her femininity, become more manly and evil, 'of direst cruelty.'
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Before we analyse the role of witches in Macbeth we must look at them from a historical perspective as people's attitudes to witches in Jacobean times were very different to what they are now, in the 21st century.
The 2nd direction plays a very important part in the play, when thunder and lightening clash there is an unnatural disturbance and ties in with the current events at that time, a battle between Scotland and Norway, and the future, most unnatural events, when Macbeth commits the unholy murder of Duncan, and thus going against the Divine right of Kings and altering nature, like thunder and lightening. The first segment of dialogue in the play, which is spoken by the first witch, provides us with evidence that the witches can control the elements, in particular the weather.
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Though, this becomes untenable with ironic juxtaposition when we witness Macbeth's intent to murder Duncan for the 'golden round'. Macbeth's soliloquy better elucidates this complex character, providing a more comprehensive basis for our judgement. Incongruous to the courage and physical strength Macbeth displayed on the battlefield 'unseam[ing Macduff] from the nave to th'chaps', he is weak and vacillating in his soliloquy. Macbeth emanates an atmosphere of confusion and anxiety suggested by the rapid overlapping movement of imagery that reflects the swift intuitive movement in his mind.
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The witches' caricature nature lessens their credibility in context of the play's grim theme. However, on a deeper level one can interpret them as "agents of fate, whose prophecies are only reports of the inevitable" (SparksNotes). They can also be interpreted as figures that were part of the belief system of the 17th century that helped place the play in a framework that could appeal to the theatergoer 400 years ago. In spite of the conflicting interpretations of the witches, the roles they play in the unfolding of human events, - specifically Macbeth's actions - are consistent no matter what interpretation employed.
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Macbeth and his wife are very ambitious and they both wants to become king and queen of Scotland. From the moment Macbeth and Banqou meets the three witches they make Macbeth obsessed with thoughts of becoming the Thane of Cawdor and the King of Scotland. It fuels his ambitious to become king of Scotland, because the witch's prediction becomes true when King Duncan reward Macbeth for his bravery, and pronounce his the Thane of Cawdor. Macbeth wife has a great influence on Macbeth and she is highly ambitious to become the queen.
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In the following scene we hear of an honourable Macbeth, fighting valiantly for his king against enemies: Here there is a contrast between scenes I and II, with evil being shown in I and good being shown in II. However, it is in scene III that good and evil collide, when Macbeth meets with the witches. In this scene the witches prophesy Macbeth's future - one hails him with his current title, Thane of Glamis. Another greets him with the title 'Thane of Cawdor', a title he does not currently possess.
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180 CLOTHING 80 ELECTRICITY & GAS 70 COUCIL TAX 210 ENTERTAINMENT (cinema, theatre, restaurants, TV) 65 TELEPHONE 25 LIFE ASSURANCE 50 OTHER EXPENSES 25 PROPERTY UPKEEP, REPAIRS 105 MISCELLANEOUS 60 TOTAL 1,185 These outgoings are paid by cash or cheque. This leaves £2,135 at their disposal each month. They also have £65,000 in savings, and a share portfolio. The Duncan's need a current account for money transactions etc. and a savings account for their savings. However they would gain more if they changed from there suppliers. Because the Duncan's seem to manage their finances in a traditional style I believe this should be kept fairly simple and they should stick to high street branches with good access facilities to their money.
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Macbeth - Look at how the witches are portrayed in the play and how they are represented through various different mediums.
The theatres reopened two years later and Shakespeare could start acting his plays. Some of his most popular plays include Macbeth, Romeo and Juliet, and hamlet. In the year 1613 the globe theatre burned down. Three years later William Shakespeare died and he became more famous than what he was before. Introduction to Witchcraft: During the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1st the public were increasingly preoccupied with witchcraft. A law came into force making murder by witchcraft punishable by death. It is estimated that in Scotland alone 8,000 witches were burned to death.
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Macbeth Act 1, Scene 4: How does Shakespeare deepen our understanding of the personalities of Macbeth and Duncan?
At the beginning of the scene the King shows his distress after the Thane of Cawdor's betrayal especially as he regarded him as a trusted and loyal friend as shown when he mentions he built up an "absolute Trust" (line 15) on him. Duncan never suspected this man to a traitor and he says that expressions on one's face can be very misleading as they are not always a true representation of "the Mind's Construction" (line 13) and that there is no science behind these expressions.
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