Religion was a Hindrance to the Development of Medicine in the Middle Ages
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Religion was a Hindrance to the Development of Medicine in the Middle Ages I partially agree with this statement because religion both hindered and help the development of medicine in the Middle Ages. Christianity and Islam belief both played a part during this time. There were many factors in which Religion helped the development of medicine. Christians and Islam's both believe that there is only one God and unlike the Greeks and the Romans who worshiped many gods and icons, they only worship one God. This was also the belief of Galen so both religions picked up his ideas and helped the development of medicine. Within both religions, medical books of Hippocrates and Galen were translated. Christians translated the work into Latin and the clergy read in Latin so they were able to understand the writings and keep alive the ideas of Galen in particular.
Christians used charms for good luck and believed in herbs in the same way the Islam faith did. The Islam's developed herbal drugs such as laudanum, senna, musk, benzoin and Camphor. Both religions were able to do this because of the churches influence in opening universities and libraries with many medical books where people could study. This was the first in Christianity had people been able to start studying medicine since the fall of the Roman Empire. The Islam's even had to have certain qualifications before they could become doctors so that they new what they were doing. Religion was able to help the development of medicine. The Christian church did not have a total ban on human dissection but it was limited. But this did mean that people studying medicine in the church backed universities were able to study the human anatomy in a more detailed way than Galen and where religion had stopped Galen from the dissection religion was now able to help the development.
The Islam's were unable to perform dissections due to religion, which couldn't enhance anatomy study, and the Islam's could find proof to prove Galen wrong. They also believed in the one God like the Christians and Galen. Here religion was no help to the development of medicine. Up until 1200AD, the Christian church had very little to do with the development and certainly did not push it forward. Until then there was very little education and doctors to treat the sick. This shows that Religion hindered the development of Medicine. So as you can see there are many factors of religion that both helped and hindered the development of medicine. I think that the statement is correct in that Religion was a hindrance to the development of medicine during the Middle Ages but it is wrong in that Religion also helped the developments. ?? ?? ?? ?? Sara Moore 11GKY 01/05/2007
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