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Evaluate the Main Elements of a Person-centred Approach to Counselling using one other Approach of your Choice.

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Introduction

Evaluate the Main Elements of a Person-centred Approach to Counselling using one other Approach of your Choice. Counselling is a complex concept and comes in over 400 different models ranging from person-centred approach to psychodynamic theory. It is a process which is conducted in a professional environment or in everyday societies on a social basis. This normally is carry out in a group environment, telephone, couples or most commonly person to person in a secure relaxed setting. A good counsellor will have many qualities ranging from active listener, non judgemental, positive and friendly manner. This essay will explore and evaluate two perspectives, the person-centred approach and the cognitive behavioural approach. It will show the differences and the similarities between them and how these techniques are used in a client environment. Person-centred approach (PCT), which is also known as client-centred therapy, 'third force' or Rogerian psychotherapy was founded by Carl Rogers. Over the last 50 years the theory has been developed and added to by many other professionals, like Abraham Maslow and Rollo May. ...read more.

Middle

If the image is the same to the ideal self you have already then have a good self esteem however if it is not then you will not. Maslow also saw client's needs in a pyramid form and he concluded, from his psychological findings, that after basic needs to survive like food, water, shelter and safety, self esteem is the next necessities for a fulfilled life (Sanders, 2000, p. 22). If u have no or low self esteem, nothing else matters until this can be changed for the better. Self concept and self esteem are very much linked together and if one is low then the concept of your self will not be positive. The relationship between the counsellor and the client is very important in this approach as the client will take centre stage in their own helping process. The counsellor will be non judgemental and unconditional so to enable the client to explore their positive or negative thoughts and feelings, without danger of rejection or disapproval. ...read more.

Conclusion

and distraction method. Cognitive behavioural is use in mild or severe cases of mental illness whether it is for mild OCD or for severe. It is also used in drug or alcohol abuse, depression or anxiety as well as sleeping or relationship difficulties. CBT was originally developed out of behavioural and cognitive psychology with the thinking that 'all habits and beliefs which people exhibit must be learned' (McLeon, 2008, p. 133). All habits and beliefs that are negative are a learnt action, which these actions, if affecting the person needs to be analysed, assessed and turned into positive behavioural patterns. The approach will help clients to re-learn new behaviour and change the configuration of their thinking and/or behaviour. To change the relationship between thinking and behaviour, Albert Ellis developed the Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy (REBT). Ellis was a psychoanalyst and he believed that analytic therapy did not address the irrational thinking that underpins so much distress and mental ill health. The counsellor will help the client recognise when they are distressing themselves and then change their thinking. REBT believes that everyone has their own set of rigid beliefs and values that can disturb them and make individual's mentally unhealthy. ...read more.

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