• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'The domestic power of a UK Prime Minister exceeds the domestic power of a US President.' Discuss

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'The domestic power of a UK Prime Minister exceeds the domestic power of a US President.' Discuss Both the UK Prime Minister and the US President hold the highest executive offices in their respective countries and they are the core of their governments. On the surface, it may appear that the US President, being the head of the most powerful country would hold significant power and the US presidency is often portrayed as having total power. However, this masks real limitations as the legislative and the judiciary are able to keep check on the power that is exercised. As Kennedy stated, "The President is...a man of extraordinary powers. Yet it is also true that he must wield those powers under extraordinary limitations."1 In contrast, the British Prime Minister does not have any constitutional checks upon him/her, therefore allowing them to be free to exercise the power that they desire. However, this is not entirely accurate as the British Prime minister also has some limits upon their power and it is vital for the Prime Minister to have to support of his/her Cabinet if s/he is going to govern effectively. The domestic power that a British Prime Minister holds is inextricably linked to the roles they have. These various roles act as a foundation for a power base and although many people argue we are moving towards a 'prime-ministerial ...read more.

Middle

In the UK, the monarch sits above the entire political process and in theory has many prerogative powers which could limit the Prime Minister. However, the Monarch rarely if ever intervenes in political decisions and many prerogative powers have in fact been passed down to the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister has the right to advise to Monarch on many public appointments made in the name of the crown. These are key appointments to a host of public bodies and as many depend on finding favour with the Prime Minister, it increase their power base and is a formidable aspect of Prime Ministerial power. Another role of the UK Prime Minister is to respond to questions and engage in debate in the House of Commons. The performance of the Prime Minister here can have a great effect on party morale and public opinion and therefore as a by-product, can hugely influence the amount of power that the Prime Minister has. The British executive also chairs Cabinet meetings and is expected to interpret the results of Cabinet discussions. By doing this and controlling the agenda, the Prime Minister is able to dominate by emphasising policy s/he wants to push and putting less weight on issues that are less important to them. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, misjudgement on the behalf of the Premier can be devastating both personally and to the party as a whole. It is clear that both the US President and the UK Prime Minister have specific powers. However, whereas the power of the Prime Minister is very flexible and can vary depending on the individual in office, the presidency does not depend on the person who holds office; The strength of the Presidency has become institutionalised. The President is granted powers directly from the Constitution but he have other resources of power which the can use. However, the ability of the President to build the supporting coalitions needed for him to capitalise on potential power has been made more difficult by the proliferation of interest groups, the weakening of political parties and the dispersion of power in congress. The increase in judicial activism constrains the President's capacity to manage the Government. In contrast, the British Prime Minister has very few formal constraints therefore s/he can do what they can get away with but ultimately they must command party loyalty and the extent and nature of their power depends on the loyalty and the support of his/her parliamentary colleagues. Therefore due to the flexibility in the British system, it seems that the British Prime Minister has more potential power than the US President where the paradox of presidentialism is executive weakness amid the appearance of strength. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree UK Government & Parliamentary Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree UK Government & Parliamentary Studies essays

  1. Critically discuss the degree to which Parliament holds the Executive accountable

    Bills are picked through clause by clause and where appropriate recommendations for amendments made. Amendments can be made by anybody; seventy percent come from the opposition, ten percent from back-benchers and twenty percent from Ministers themselves. This may give a false sense of proportion as between 1970-71 0f 974 ministerial

  2. DOES THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT STILL PROVIDE AN EFFECTIVE CHECK ON EXECUTIVE POWER?

    to pursue cases and issues raised by constituents and is seen the main way to do so. Therefore, over all it is clear that parliament controls the executive by passing or rejecting the executives bills as well as by forcing Ministers of the crown to answer to parliament for their

  1. Compare and contrast pluralist and ruling elite accounts of political power in the UK ...

    Today, there is a strong pluralist influence in UK politics, through multiple interest groups and trade unions. The media and newspapers represent a number of varying viewpoints in the UK, both of which have great influence over the countrys' thinking, The US is can also be seen to be pluralist

  2. Parliament's powers have been reduced to merely rubber-stamping the decisions made by the executive.

    The public are believed unlikely to vote against the Government because of a bill passed up to five years previously. Policies that are not clearly under the control of one department tend to be at a disadvantage because, certain critics ague that their co-ordination is inefficient.

  1. TO WHAT EXTENT HAS THE NEW LABOUR GOVERNMENT’S POLICY FOR HOUSING, ATTEMPTED TO ERADICATE ...

    Some theorists might argue that young single homeless people such as those who migrate from smaller towns to bigger cities, (and obviously vulnerable), did not fall within these criteria and were disregarded as being priority cases. One could argue that the reason why the 1985 act was amended and those

  2. European Union: Council of Ministers.

    by a former military commander of the PKK and illegally leaked from the prosecutor�s office. While Birdal was still close to death, Prime Minister Yilmaz described the attack as an "internal dispute". In fact, seven men close to right-wing political groups�one of them a gendarmerie officer�were shortly afterwards arrested and charged with planning and carrying out the attempted killing.

  1. How far is it true to say that Britain has moved from a system ...

    If they do exist, they are relatively weak or impotent, lacking sufficient power to effectively check and restrain exercise of political power by the single central power center. He shall completely controls and dominates the government and dictates to the entire society it rules.

  2. Sovereignty, opinion and revolution in Edmund Burke.

    De Cive, glosses as &a certain foresight of future evill' [26, I, i, 2]. Fear promotes attentiveness toward the future as prudence inclines us toward the memory of the past. It is in this context that Hobbes, considering self-aggrandisement to be the true motor of social intercourse, writes: And these

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work