• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14

To what extent do you agree that clash of civilizations leads to destruction?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Essay Question: To what extent do you agree that clash of civilizations leads to destruction? 20071999 Outline I Introduction Thesis statement: Some people strongly believe that clash of civilizations leads humanity to destruction; however, lot of people think that clash of civilizations can bring the advantages to opposing sides. II Body A. Firstly, clash of civilizations divides people from different cultures 1. Muslims and Christians 2. Ideological clash B. Secondly, clash of civilizations stimulates terrorist activities in a both sides 1. Radical Islam terrorism 2. State terror C. However, other people think that "war on terror" is a very profitable campaign for "crusaders" 1. Military spending 2. Mass-media III Conclusion In conclusion, there are many negative aspects created by clash of civilizations, but it also can gives good opportunities for the both sides. The Clash of Civilization Clash of the civilization is a theory proposed by Huntington (1993) that cultural and religious identity of people will major source of conflict in post-Cold War world. According to Huntington (1993) during the history wars were between monarchs, their armies they want to expand their lands and finally they created nation states. Starting with French Revolution where monarchy headed by Louis XVI was overthrown and it was beginning of the war between nations. There were many other revolutions, so 20th century began with World War I, and after Russian Revolution, and reaction for it conflict between nations was replaced by conflict of ideologies. This confrontation spread firstly among fascism, communism and liberal democracies, then after World War II between communism and West, those known in history like Cold War. During the Cold War this conflict was transformed to clash between two superpowers that defined their identity in terms of their ideologies. Nowadays there are many different civilizations, which are big players in international arena, like China, West, and Islam World countries and in the same time there are subdivisions in these blocks. ...read more.

Middle

Similarly it can be in form of ideological grapple such in time of Cold War. And these forms of the clash of civilization are challenge for peace and progress of humanity, and leads to physical and moral destruction. Secondly, clash of civilizations stimulates terrorist activities in a both sides. Some radical Islamic terrorist groups attract attention of the wide public by terrorist actions. Majority of Muslims today thinking that United States it's a last wall that stops Islam (Muhammad, Islam and Terrorism, 2005). Osama Bin Laden was single terrorist leader which declared jihad to United States and their allies (Praja, n.d.). Also Bin Laden urges all true believers to take part in sacred war against the pro-American governments among the Muslim world and all upon not believers. "Permission to fight is given to those against whom war is made, because they have been wronged - and Allah indeed has power to help them" (Surra 22:40, Qur'an). So jihad is not "holy war", but "struggle" and "effort" (Praja, n.d.). The jihad followers proclaim that they are victims of US hegemony. After that radical Islamist started using the terrorism as weapon against innocent people. There are many examples of using violence on innocent citizens: 9/11, train detonation in Madrid, explosion of London Underground, etc. All this events killed huge number of non-combats. September 11 event became an official start of Western so-called "war on terror" which as a matter of fact is state terror. Nevertheless it was a terrible action killed thousands of people and was made by terrorist group Al-Qaeda under Osama Bin Laden command. This bloody event starts a fundamental change in the US foreign policy, begins a neoconservative agenda against Islam terrorism as a main threat to US national security (Salem, 2008). According to Salem (2008) this kind of policy led US to intervention of Afghanistan, occupation of Iraq; started to promote regime change in Iran and Syria, and pressure on allies with only "with-us-or-against-us" dilemma. ...read more.

Conclusion

According to (Terrorism and the Media, 2008) these horrible actions which terrorist organizations can provide is very localized and affect only few people, and media is like a "oxygen" for terrorist. Because they can spread fear and achieve their political goals much faster. And in the same time terrorism is "oxygen" for the mass-media. Also these conflicts provoke shockwaves around the globe, and mass media companies trying to help people to understand the events, analyze it and give understandings of ongoing conflicts (Shah, 2007). By broadcasting these "hot news" media corporations increases their ratings and in consequence this raising their profits (Terrorism and the Media, 2008). For example people which watching news on TV or read it online see that their government spending their money to weapons and wars, their compatriots are dying in battlefields, their behavior will oppose government position in this question, that sooner or later will lead to end of military operations or will change the leading party. According to Soriano (2008) Al-Qaeda members used Internet to directly speak with their audience, and they get safe place to exchange with information. In conclusion, there are many negative aspects created by clash of civilizations, but it also can gives good opportunities for the both sides. These phenomena lead to cultural misunderstanding, big conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq and provide pressure to Iran and Syria regimes. Also consequence of the clash of civilization is terrorist activities among many countries. Majority of news are about terrorist bombers in Iraq, Afghanistan, and more rarely about terrorist attacks in developed countries, about hostages, etc. But in other hand confrontation will proceed despite everything, because of state interest and still not achieved goals. But good point is that military companies make philanthropic activities- donate money to veterans, their families and other charity funds. Also defense corporations help economy because of investing billions of dollars to this sector which developing science, increasing number of high-skilled workers. Also mass media playing a big role in this question, because they make profits and become a tool for so-called "informational war" for both civilizations. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree International Relations section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree International Relations essays

  1. The impact of public opinion on Foreign Policy and the role of media as ...

    report evidence from separate studies of the impact of public opinion on foreign policymaking that the primary sources drawn upon by government officials (Powlick) and members of Congress (Kull and Destler) are the media and the current state of Congressional opinion.

  2. Critically evaluate the case for and against global governance

    This results in a corresponding increase in price per item, without ruining the environment which improves the welfare of the local populace (Krishna & Panaragiya 2000). It can therefore be seen that trade liberalization is able to produce some positive results contrary to the opinion of many scholars in the field (Ferreira 2006).

  1. What international factors, with particular reference to the United States, have accounted for the ...

    and both states pitted against non-state actors have engaged in numerous conflicts of varying intensity and gravity. However the resulting underlying pattern of these various conflicts has remained constant; Kashmir is still a region where two South Asian states are locked into zero-sum antagonism over which little significant bilateral progress towards resolution has been made.

  2. A Critical Analysis of David Rieff's Slaughterhouse - Bosnia and the Failure of the ...

    It is an organization of the world's governments. And peacekeeping is only an instrument that we in the UN can make available if called upon to do so by the Security Council...Were we to attempt to do so [do more for the cause of Bosnian Muslims] we would be usurping the authority of the member states, and I

  1. The EU and democracy promotion in Central Asia

    said that the EU was committed to the territorial integrity, sovereignty and political stability of Iraq.51 However c[W24]ountries such as UK, Spain, Poland and Italy evidently interpreted the council statements differently from other EU states. A divergence in EU stated foreign policy and its member's foreign policies and domestic energy

  2. The End of the Cold War and the Emergence of the Post-Cold War World

    it was not anti - socialist and this turned out to be its major flaw (Baylis, 2005, p.114). It involuntarily drifted the Union towards the final dissolution. What's more, both concepts gave rise to a general disillusionment with the regime, which ultimately ended up in steady criticism of Gorbachev's reforms,

  1. Does Globalisation contribute to the growth of terrorism?

    This is then used by some nationalist or religious groups as a justification for terror activities.16 The West's cultural inclination toward consumerism and acquisition of materials has become a source of anger for those in spheres without access to certain material products.

  2. The aftermath of 9/11

    saw this as an opportunity as a nation-building project. (The U.S has had 18 since 1899, with the latest one being Iraq). (Krauthammer 04). For Liberal internationalists, war is legitimate only if sanctioned by the U.N. This was the case for the invasion of Afghanistan, but not for Iraq.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work