To what extent do you agree that clash of civilizations leads to destruction?
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Essay Question: To what extent do you agree that clash of civilizations leads to destruction? 20071999 Outline I Introduction Thesis statement: Some people strongly believe that clash of civilizations leads humanity to destruction; however, lot of people think that clash of civilizations can bring the advantages to opposing sides. II Body A. Firstly, clash of civilizations divides people from different cultures 1. Muslims and Christians 2. Ideological clash B. Secondly, clash of civilizations stimulates terrorist activities in a both sides 1. Radical Islam terrorism 2. State terror C. However, other people think that "war on terror" is a very profitable campaign for "crusaders" 1. Military spending 2. Mass-media III Conclusion In conclusion, there are many negative aspects created by clash of civilizations, but it also can gives good opportunities for the both sides. The Clash of Civilization Clash of the civilization is a theory proposed by Huntington (1993) that cultural and religious identity of people will major source of conflict in post-Cold War world. According to Huntington (1993) during the history wars were between monarchs, their armies they want to expand their lands and finally they created nation states. Starting with French Revolution where monarchy headed by Louis XVI was overthrown and it was beginning of the war between nations. There were many other revolutions, so 20th century began with World War I, and after Russian Revolution, and reaction for it conflict between nations was replaced by conflict of ideologies. This confrontation spread firstly among fascism, communism and liberal democracies, then after World War II between communism and West, those known in history like Cold War. During the Cold War this conflict was transformed to clash between two superpowers that defined their identity in terms of their ideologies. Nowadays there are many different civilizations, which are big players in international arena, like China, West, and Islam World countries and in the same time there are subdivisions in these blocks.
Similarly it can be in form of ideological grapple such in time of Cold War. And these forms of the clash of civilization are challenge for peace and progress of humanity, and leads to physical and moral destruction. Secondly, clash of civilizations stimulates terrorist activities in a both sides. Some radical Islamic terrorist groups attract attention of the wide public by terrorist actions. Majority of Muslims today thinking that United States it's a last wall that stops Islam (Muhammad, Islam and Terrorism, 2005). Osama Bin Laden was single terrorist leader which declared jihad to United States and their allies (Praja, n.d.). Also Bin Laden urges all true believers to take part in sacred war against the pro-American governments among the Muslim world and all upon not believers. "Permission to fight is given to those against whom war is made, because they have been wronged - and Allah indeed has power to help them" (Surra 22:40, Qur'an). So jihad is not "holy war", but "struggle" and "effort" (Praja, n.d.). The jihad followers proclaim that they are victims of US hegemony. After that radical Islamist started using the terrorism as weapon against innocent people. There are many examples of using violence on innocent citizens: 9/11, train detonation in Madrid, explosion of London Underground, etc. All this events killed huge number of non-combats. September 11 event became an official start of Western so-called "war on terror" which as a matter of fact is state terror. Nevertheless it was a terrible action killed thousands of people and was made by terrorist group Al-Qaeda under Osama Bin Laden command. This bloody event starts a fundamental change in the US foreign policy, begins a neoconservative agenda against Islam terrorism as a main threat to US national security (Salem, 2008). According to Salem (2008) this kind of policy led US to intervention of Afghanistan, occupation of Iraq; started to promote regime change in Iran and Syria, and pressure on allies with only "with-us-or-against-us" dilemma.
According to (Terrorism and the Media, 2008) these horrible actions which terrorist organizations can provide is very localized and affect only few people, and media is like a "oxygen" for terrorist. Because they can spread fear and achieve their political goals much faster. And in the same time terrorism is "oxygen" for the mass-media. Also these conflicts provoke shockwaves around the globe, and mass media companies trying to help people to understand the events, analyze it and give understandings of ongoing conflicts (Shah, 2007). By broadcasting these "hot news" media corporations increases their ratings and in consequence this raising their profits (Terrorism and the Media, 2008). For example people which watching news on TV or read it online see that their government spending their money to weapons and wars, their compatriots are dying in battlefields, their behavior will oppose government position in this question, that sooner or later will lead to end of military operations or will change the leading party. According to Soriano (2008) Al-Qaeda members used Internet to directly speak with their audience, and they get safe place to exchange with information. In conclusion, there are many negative aspects created by clash of civilizations, but it also can gives good opportunities for the both sides. These phenomena lead to cultural misunderstanding, big conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq and provide pressure to Iran and Syria regimes. Also consequence of the clash of civilization is terrorist activities among many countries. Majority of news are about terrorist bombers in Iraq, Afghanistan, and more rarely about terrorist attacks in developed countries, about hostages, etc. But in other hand confrontation will proceed despite everything, because of state interest and still not achieved goals. But good point is that military companies make philanthropic activities- donate money to veterans, their families and other charity funds. Also defense corporations help economy because of investing billions of dollars to this sector which developing science, increasing number of high-skilled workers. Also mass media playing a big role in this question, because they make profits and become a tool for so-called "informational war" for both civilizations.
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