• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The aspect of the Lifespan Development I would like to discuss is Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and how it affects our children. I will also discuss the pros and cons of the medical treatment of ADHD, and how ADHD affects children at sc

Extracts from this document...


Running head: ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Theresa Ruebottom University of Phoenix The aspect of the Lifespan Development I would like to discuss is Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and how it affects our children. I will also discuss the pros and cons of the medical treatment of ADHD, and how ADHD affects children at school versus home. Through the research of disabilities, we have learned that children have various disabilities such as speech or language impairments, mental retardation, and serious emotional disturbance. One learning disability is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, which is commonly known as ADHD. The symptoms of ADHD consist of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Children who have ADHD have a hard time following instructions and they are easily distracted. Children who are inattentive have difficulty focusing on any one thing and may get bored with a task after only a few minutes. Children who are hyperactive show high levels of physical activity, almost always seeming to be in motion. ...read more.


Even though causes of ADHD have not been found, it has been proposed that low levels of neurotransmitters, prenatal and postnatal abnormalities, and even environmental toxins are involved. Heredity may play a role in ADHD such as a parent or sibling who has ADHD. "About 85 to 90 percent of children with ADHD are taking stimulant medication such as Ritalin or Adderall to control their behavior. The drugs Ritalin and Adderall are stimulants but to some children who have ADHD the medications speed up the underactive areas that controls attention, impulsivity, and planning. Whereas with some children with ADHD it does the opposite, it slows down their nervous system and behavior" (Santrock, 2007). "Stimulant drugs not only reduce disruptive, hyperactive behavior but also improve attention spans of ADHD children. Stimulant drugs are even being used with preschoolers as young as 3 to 5 years of age. Although use of stimulants is not without critics, these drugs can help many children with ADHD calm down and concentrate better on tasks and schoolwork. ...read more.


For educational issues, "in 1990, Public Law 94-142 was recast as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). IDEA was amended in 1997 and then reauthorized in 2004 and renamed the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act. IDEA spells out broad mandates for services to all children with disabilities. A major aspect of the 2004 reauthorization of IDEA involved aligning it with the government's No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation that was designed to improve the educational achievement of all students, including those with disabilities. An individualized education plan (IEP) is a written statement that spells out a program that is for the student with a disability" ( Santrock, 2002). However, we sell students with disabilities short when we pretend that they are not different from typical students. We make the same error when we pretend that they must not be expected to put forth extra effort if they are to learn to do some things- or learn to do something in a different way. Like general education, an important aspect of special education should be to challenge students with disabilities "to become all they can be" (Santrock, 2002). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Healthcare essays

  1. The Effectiveness of Brief Interventions in Reducing Binge

    Promotions and special offers are responsible for unhealthy patterns of alcohol consumption (British Medical Association, 2009). Yet other scholars do not agree that the over abundance of access to alcohol are reason enough for increase in alcohol consumption since it is not the case in all countries, especially in Mediterranean

  2. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of Prescription drug use ...

    N=100 ONE 1 TWO 5 3---4 90 4+ 4 The demographic variables indicate that prescription drug use practices are more prevalent among married males (58%) as compared to females(42%).. To a surprise one can observe that such practices are more commonly seen in well educated graduates i.e 64% .

  1. Critically assess the efficacy of treatment in changing addictive behaviour

    Importantly, it is almost as effective when administered orally as it is by injection thus making it an ideal treatment for intravenous opiate drug users. Methadone's effects can last up for up to 24 hours, thereby permitting once-a-day oral administration in heroin detoxification maintenance programmes.

  2. Clinical Psychology

    Working with Voluntary Organisations There are numerous voluntary organisations in the Dublin area. Their purposes are to increase public awareness of mental health/mental illness, and to inform people who have a mental illness and the general public of the various self help groups and other sources of help available.

  1. The Adoption and Children Bill

    on the adoption process and identified 3 areas where children's needs are not always being met. Firstly 'decisions about how to provide a secure, stable and permanent placement, including adoption, are not addressed early enough, focused clearly enough or taken swiftly enough'.

  2. Malawi report on development

    Total: 99% Male: 99% Female: 99% (2006 est.) People living with HIV/AIDS The indicator, People living with HIV/AIDS, is the estimate of the country's population that are living with HIV/AIDS for the whole year. HIV/AIDS is a sexually transmitted disease and can indicate the level of effectiveness of community awareness, education and health in the country.

  1. HIV a discussion paper for first year university medical students.

    bound to the centre of the protease (ribbon structure). www.ssrl.slac.stanford.edu/7520 A10.html "Modern drugs ... when combined with other interventions... can cut the risk of transmission to below 2%... a single dose of medicine given to mother and baby can cut the risk in half."

  2. Pulmonary tuberculosis. My objectives was to learn more about mycobacterium tuberculosis, and overview ...

    Together, these make up the Ghon complex. In nearly all cases, these granulomas resolve and there is no further spread of the infection. Secondary tuberculosis: seen mostly in adults as a reactivation of previous infection (or reinfection), particularly when health status declines.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work