Unit 2 D4 Why is a risk assessment carried out?
Why is risk assessment carried out?
The employer in the work place has a duty to ensure the health and safety of the employee. The employer has to manage the health and safety of the business and must control the risks in the workplace. The employer needs to think about what might cause harm to people and decide on things you are doing to prevent that hazard. This is known as risk assessment and it is something you are required by law to carry out. The employer might be already taking steps to protect your employees, but your risk assessment will help you decide whether you have covered all you need to do.
Why is risk assessment important?
Risk assessments are very important as they form a basic part of a good professional health and safety management plan. They help to create awareness, identify who may be at risk, Prevent injuries or illnesses etc.
Legislation could be that if lithium aluminium hydride catches fire you should put sand over it to extinguish the fire. Legislation could be that a person needs to know where the exits are and how to call emergency if something happens. COSHH regulations state that a company already needs to have all this covered by telling every person about where the exits are, what the hazards are and what they need to do ; risk assessment. If companies don’t however does this it will certainly be seen and noted by NSE inspectors, these are people who inspect health in workplaces and make an annual survey to show the public of the health. If a certain company causes a huge decrease in the number the NSE will share this information and that company will be asked questions about this, what happened and why they didn’t issue risk assessments or update their risk assessments. With science workplaces you need to get equipment in to be able to complete your job and you need the equipment in good condition. BSI is a company that deals with business standards. For over 150 they’ve been working into making people’s products work better and the service they give to the people as well. They work in over 150 countries and clients can range from high class to small, local businesses. This with other companies make sure people get what they paid for and make sure it is in good condition.
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A chemical firm has been fined £120,000 after an employee sustained severe burns when he was engulfed by a fireball at a factory in Wirral. The company was prosecuted by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) following an investigation into the incident, which left the employee with burns to his face, right arm and upper body. The firm didn’t meet the regulations; the company industry has the potential to be very dangerous and that why it’s important for them to follow the health and safety. The HSE act of health and safety tells us ‘’The Health and Safety Executive is Britain's national regulator for workplace health and safety. It aims to reduce work-related death, injury and ill health. It does so through research, information and advice; promoting training; new or revised regulations and codes of practice; and working with local authority partners by inspection, investigation and enforcement’
The health and safety act was introduced to prevent accidents happening in a work related area, the main purpose of the act is reduce the percentage of accidents/deaths that occur within a laboratory or any other work place, for this to happen the work place actually need to follow this legislation to lower accident rates within the workplace so they need to meet certain goals such as having a clean work place, have proper functioning equipment, having the correct equipment for users to use as well, so what they actually are is like a documentation that have a list of all the orders you need to follow such as a the necessary equipment to allow users to function in a certain process so it is important if the workplace doesn’t want any little mistake lead to a major regret in the future.
COSHH regulations introduced in 2002, this is the control of substance hazardous to health, so the main purpose of this is allow the users to be aware of the chemicals that they are using and let them know what hazardous affects that they have, and are able to quickly know what precautions/action to do to dispose of the chemically safely and know how to clean up any spillage of any sort, so they prevent any dangerous contamination between the chemical and the user, so the records them self are like a big folder that contain every chemical that may or will be used in that work place so that the users are aware of what actions to take, so they are important for the user to prevent “accidents” in one way or another.
Not following the health and safety is a criminal offence and it can result the work place being prosecuted by the appropriate Health and Safety enforcement authority and if found guilty being fined or imprisoned. They can be fined up to £20,000. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) Health and Safety Inspectors or local authorities Environmental Health Officers are responsible for inspecting work places.