The confrontation provides a focal point to depict the shift in power between the monster and the creator. As the monster approaches Frankenstein he “[feels] faintness seize [him]” implying that the presence of the monster alone is enough to pull Frankenstein from his place of tranquillity into chaos. The power shift occurs due to the physical differences between Frankenstein and the monster. The monster’s superiority can be seen as he approaches at “superhuman speed” and “[bounds] over crevices in the ice, among which [Frankenstein] had walked with caution”. The alliteration of “superhuman speed” creates an emphasis on the sheer superior nature of the monster. Moreover, as Frankenstein struggles to span Mont Blanc, while the monster “[bounds]” over implies confidence as well as athleticism which Frankenstein lacks. The monster asserts the power and authority via the placement of conditions and through the use of imperatives showing that Frankenstein is no longer in charge. This is displayed by “Do your duty towards me, and I will do mine towards you and the rest of mankind”. The fact that it mentions “rest of mankind” suggests that the monster beholds power over humanity itself and this is due to the monster being made from a selection of the best body parts. Also, as he states “duty” suggests that Frankenstein is indebted to the monster and bound to his command until he fulfils his duty. The physical dominance of the monster is shown by “thou hast made me more powerful than thyself; my height is superior to thine, my joints more supple.” The monster is clearly seen to be in power and the idea of the monster being bigger and having a larger spectrum of movement suggests that Frankenstein is vulernable in the mountains and his life is threatened. The idea of monster’s superiority is supported by Joseph Pearce as he states that its “plausible to suggest that the Monster can be seen as a metaphor for the destructive power “. Moreover, he states that Shelly uses the monster to express the dying nature of the relationship between Percy and herself. I agree with Pearce as the power that the monster possesses in the novel is far too great and it causes fractures in Frankenstein’s relationships and hence reflects the real life relationship between Shelly and Pearce.
Finally, religion is a key concept in the extract due to the time period in which the novel was written. Religion was very prominent during the 1800’s and anyone going against Catholicism was publicly prosecuted. Hence, during the publishing of the book there was an outcry by the religious followers because of Frankenstein viewing the churchyard as a source for bodies and then playing God by creating life. The monster is referred to be a “daemon” and a “Devil” which is the pinnacle of evil in all religious contexts and the view of the monster being the “Devil” was supported by a large majority of the public because the monster went against all of the religious beliefs. On the other hand, the monster considers itself to be “Adam” and the similarity can be drawn because it is Frankenstein’s creation. Moreover, as Adam goes against his creator by eating from the tree of knowledge, the monster reciprocates the betrayed by killing family members. The monster models itself around Paradise Lost which it takes to be the written Truth, and sets out to avenge his undeserved punishment and destroys what his creator holds dearest. This is very similar to the Devil as he shames God’s most prized creation (Adam and Eve) and Frankenstein’s creation destroys his family. Additionally, the monster refers to itself as the “fallen angel”, which is quite ironic as the monster suggests that it has been cast out of ‘heaven’ however, the fallen angels were wicked angels who had sinned suggesting that the monster isn’t the victim but a sinner. Finally, the extract draws more comparisons with Prometheus which links to Greek religion because Frankenstein harnessing the power of lightning to animate his monster is similar to Prometheus stealing the fire. Then like Prometheus, he also defies the Supreme Being and continues to pursue knowledge (symbolised by fire) until it has fatal consequences and the punishment of Prometheus and the foolishness of Pandora in releasing evil and suffering into the world which is similar to the fall of innocence in Genesis and Frankenstein being a harbinger of doom to the society.
Overall, the meeting of the creator and the creation leads to a lot of conflict being raised and it is a key turning point in terms of who is really in power. Moreover, due to the strength of the church during the 1800’s the role of the monster is very controversial and he is portrayed to be the evil creation who betrays its creation. Finally, both the characters seek vengeance, however Frankenstein has become monstrous whilst the monster has become much more sophisticated.