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Developing through the life stages - old age

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Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐Development through the life stages John Glenn (1921) once said "Too many people, when they get old, think that they have to live by the calendar? and I think that this perfectly describes what society makes you believe you should be doing when you grow old, living to die. In this assignment I will discuss the two main aging theories and what they believe happens when society tells us we are too old and what they think is more effective in relation to a better life as an elderly individual. I will also discuss different things that the body goes through as it ages, the emotional and physical side. What impacts growing old have on the body inside and out. Social disengagement theory- Cummings and Henry (1961) produced the disengagement theory based on a five year study of 50-90 year olds in the US. They suggested that the elderly person makes a mutual decision to withdraw from society and social interaction. Bromley (1988) defined disengagement as; ?a systematic reduction in certain kinds of social interaction. In its simplest and crudest form, the theory of disengagement states that diminishing psychological and biological capacities of people in later life necessitates a severance of the relationships they have with younger people in the central activities of society, and the replacement of these older individuals by younger people. In this way, society renews itself and the elderly are free to die?. They suggested that elderly people want to disengage from society to reflect on life and prepare for death. ...read more.


It is very important for the body and mind to stay active so there are many different websites and groups in different areas such as day centres that elderly people can visit a few times a week to socialise to get them out of the house. There are more assistive technologies in order to ensure that the elderly is able to stay in their own homes. There are now curtain openers, alarm systems, cameras etc. This allows the elderly to stay in the comfort of their own homes and to keep their independence which in turn boosts their moral. Growing old gracefully is a website which women can join and meet up in the UK and take part in different activities. Growing old cartoon This is an example of a logo on their website that encourages elderly women to get out of the house and to know that just because they are getting older their life doesn?t have to stop. I think that neither of the theories can be right or wrong because it is totally based on the individuals needs and what they want to do with their lives but the health and social care provision in the UK definitely support elderly people as best they can and they are constantly finding new ways to improve care for the elderly and how society portrays the elderly. Physical and psychological changes in aging: As we age our bodies change so much. We begin life as a baby and grow and then at a certain stage our bodies begin to deteriorate as we reach old age. Many physical and psychological changes are associated with ageing. ...read more.


Bereavement and loss- Low Self-Esteem and confidence, Depression and Stress all go together and all lead to one another and are mostly caused by bereavement in elderly people. They may have just lost their life partner and don?t know how to continue with life without them doing simple everyday things like cooking the dinner or paying the bills or doing things that their other half done. It can be a very stressful, lonely and upsetting time in somebodies life. Having to retire means that you gain a lot of free time and you are no longer in a routine and this could cause someone to be depressed and suicidal. Retirement- Being retired means that there is more time to do other things such as volunteer work, taking up another hobby like golf. When you are retired you also receive a free bus pass so you can travel where you wish at no cost. This is an excellent way to gain more friends and to travel. This boosts the elderly?s self-esteem as they are not sitting around the house waiting for someone to call to them. Retirement means that you can get free prescriptions; you can avail of discounted rail-way prices and a free television licence. Throughout this assignment I have discussed the different things that happen when you grow older, from what society wants you to believe you should do to what is actually better for you to do. I have discussed in detail what happens to our body as we grow older, both the physical and the physiological side. It is important to remember though with growing old it is possible that we could disengage but we should try our best not to as it is better for us. ...read more.

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