• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cold war 1945-1953 - characterize the soviet policy according germany after 1945 [to the final creation of two german states] - goals and methods

Extracts from this document...


cold war 1945-1953 1. characterize the soviet policy according germany after 1945 [to the final creation of two german states] - goals and methods > all countries agreed that USSR has to be privileged > July 45: - 4 power control council, decyzje musza byc jednoglosne, veto > East part of Berlin goes to USSR > Postdam agreement about reparations: generous to USSR, got them both from W and E part of Germany : in equipment and stuff. > USSR not content: Stalin wanted control over whole Ger: Ruhr Valley, St. wanted joined administration over Ruhr (but West. Didn't allow it) > USSR treated their occupation zone as a territory from which compensation could be taken: USSR had stolen equipment, all types of goods, deconstruction of industrial plants etc. > Exploitation of prisoners ==> forced labor > Robbing, stealing, plundering > It led to downfall of E.Ger economy > After some time attitude change: Soviet Union begins to think about stable control over Germany ==> process of adopting the communist policy in Ger begins > Economic and social reforms: nationalization of industry : they were accepted by Ger society, because they hoped for imporvment of situation and better system > Restrictions into political life: april 46 - new party : SUD socialist-communistic. Communist Party of Germany and Social Democrats merged to form Socialist Unity Party of Germany > 46 end of attemps to maintain common policy in gER > in E.part of Belin - municipal posts controlled by USSR > oct 46 ...read more.


The effects of the development of the Cold War International relations were dominated by the Cold War and all conflicts tended to be seen in terms of the struggle btw the USA and the USSR � international relations were bipolar. Europe was divided with a clear line of demarcation btw the capitalist west and the communist east. Germany was not united: instead western and eastern zones gained independence separately and were not prepared to recognize each other. No peace treaty was signed with Germany: sense of insecurity amongst countries of E.E. (this was solved in 1975 at the Helsinki Conference) Unity in western Europe was encouraged by the Soviet threat and USA who hoped that western European states would play a greater part in their own defences. USSR tightened its control over the E.E. states � setting up of one party states. USA abandonned its policy of avoiding peacetime commitments: it was instrumental in setting up of NATO and other regional forces. USA adopted the policy of containment � led to US involvement all over the world assuming that any communist group was acting upon the orders of Moscow (i.e.: Korea, Vietnam) � USA became the 'world policeman�. UN was never able to fulfil the role which Roosevelt had envisaged (peaceful settlement of international disputes) b/c of the veto power of both the USA and USSR. The Cold War spreads to the East By 1949, the position in Europe was static: the last attempt to change the balance (Berlin Blockade) ...read more.


Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia, all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and, in many cases, increasing measure of control from Moscow this is certainly not the Liberated Europe we fought to build up. Nor is it one which contains the essentials of permanent peace. 4. the Truman doctrine: its contents and circumstances it was proclaimed events in Greece; communists trying to overthrow the monarchy, GB troops, who had liberate Greece from Ger in 44 restored then the monarchy, now had to support Greece those loyal to king, against the Greece's communists, who received help from Albania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia. Bevin, GB Foreign Ministered appealed to USA. Truman said (speech to congress, 12 march 47) that US will support (both econ, and milit.) all free people and nation which are resisting outside or inside (i.e. minorities )pressures made in order to subordinate them. At the beginning this refered only to Turkey and Greece and their situation, but then it concerned all the countries endangered by communism pressure. > Greece got arms. Supplies, it defeated communists. Turkey received ~60 mil $ US committed to a policy of containing communism, not only in Europe - worldwide - end of policy of isolationism ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Who was responsible for the start of the Cold war?

    the sky by Soviet missiles but equally knew that Stalin would be taking a massive risk in doing so and effectively making a declaration of war. The gamble paid off and in a way left Stalin blushing. In the eyes of the world's media the Soviet Union had been portrayed

  2. A Different Kind of Cold WarI. ...

    First symptoms of the Sino-Soviet split starting to emerge ii. Sino-Soviet split completed in 60s and 70s highly weakened the Communist world iii.

  1. An Investigation Into the Way in Which Sir Winston Churchill Used Rhetoric During the ...

    Thus, Churchill further strengthens the bond with his listeners. The bond that humour brought between Churchill and his listener is extended as commonality between the British Commonwealth and Empire and the United States in "Law, language, literature." Churchill urges that the military bonds that have been formed between the United

  2. Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill Focusing on his Political Career

    The campaign aimed at opening the Dardanelle's Strait, controlled by the Ottoman Empire, to give the Allies a direct route to Russia through the Black Sea. Such a move would bring much-needed supplies to the Russian armies and eliminate the Ottomans from the war.

  1. The Space Race was a product of the Cold War. Two countries were involved, ...

    There were continued interests in the space program which led to formations of Space Agencies. During the time of formation of Space Agencies there was a war going on, this war was not like the normal wars fought on the battle field, this war was being fought at a whole

  2. Superpower Relations and the Thaw in the Cold War

    Vietnam) the agreement was endorsed by all involved. * The Communists had not been as obstructive as the West feared. New Soviet Approach ? early 1955, USSR agreed to the reunification of Austria as long as it remained neutral. July 1955: Geneva Summit Meeting ? leaders of USA/USSR/GB/FRANCE * Issue of German reunification raised ? Khrushchev prepared to

  1. Which had the greater impact on preventing the four occupying powers from agreeing on ...

    Stalin elucidated his plan for finally bringing a reunited Germany into Moscow?s sphere of influence to the leaders of the German Communist Party (KPD). The Red Army would openly control the Soviet zone of occupation, while the KPD would pursue to win the support of the German workers in both the Soviet and the Western zones.


    As previously mentioned both America and the USSR were very aware of the threats the other held, they were the two most powerful countries after WW2 which led to a power vacuum in Europe. Former great powers were no longer capable of dominating the World, both countries wanted to fill

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work