How successful was the Federal Republic of Germany in controlling political extremism between 1949 and 1989?

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How successful was the FRG in controlling political extremism between 1949 and 1989?

On the whole the FRG was successful at controlling extremism.  However, some factors held it back at times.  The FRG faced opposition right from the start, from the Socialist Reich Party, the SPD, the KPD, other socialist groups and young people.  The methods for controlling these groups included banning parties, using the Police, enacting the emergency law of 1968 and creating organisations such as the BFV, BND and GSG-9.

In the 1950’s, there were two main parties showing opposition to the FRG.  The Socialist Reich Party had views similar to those of the Nazis.  They were banned from the parliament; this was allowed under the basic law when democracy was potentially under threat.  The KPD organised communist demonstrations in cities.  The FRG used the basic law to ban the KPD also, claiming it was an un-constitutional party.

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Two organisations set up in the 1950’s to battle political extremism were the BFV and BND.  The BFV, set up in 1950, investigated people who they suspected to be working against the basic law within the country.  They reported back to the Minister of the Interior.  The BND, set up in 1956, investigated outside of Germany and reported directly to the Chancellor.  However, these organisations could not fully investigate everything under the basic law because German people had civil liberties of privacy.  This means they could not tap phones, search homes or open mail.

In the 1960’s, the FRG faced ...

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