Discuss issues associated with the classification and/or diagnosis of schizophrenia

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Discuss issues associated with the classification and/or diagnosis of schizophrenia

One of the issue associated with the diagnosis and classification of schizophrenia is reliability.Reliability is how consistant a measurement is e.g the ICD and the DSM when diagnosis or classifiying schizophrenic patients.Reliability can be measured by inter rater reliability where they see if two independant sources come to the same diagnosis or classification or retest reliability where they see if the test used are consistant over time .Although psychologists say that DSM 3 is reliable , there is strong evidence that shows that reliability of the DSM is low when using inter-rater reliability.Whaley(2001) only found a small positive correlation  between the different assesors.This is evidence of low reliability when using the DSM to diagnose schizophrenia ,however the test-retest reliability studies have shown more positive results which means that there is some sort of reliability with the DSM.

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Another issue surronding the diagnosis and classfication of schizophrenia is the cultral differences in diagnosis e.g A research study by Copeland et al (1971) compared 134 US psychiatrists and 194 British psychiatrists in their diagnosis of a patient, and found that 69% of the US psychiatrists diagnosed schizophrenia compared with only 2% of the British psychiatrists. This suggests that there is massive variation between the diagnosis criteria in different countries .Therefore it affects the reliability of diagnosis in schizophrenia .But however it is a correlational study so we have to be careful when using this studies because the one of ...

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