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GCSE: RC Sheriff
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- Marked by Teachers essays 2
- Word count: 1011
The men can - why can't an officer?" Hibbert's personality is mainly fear which sets the scenes, as the worst thing you can get at war is fear. This must be why R.C. Sheriff the play wright used Hibbert as a coward to show people the consequances of world war one soldiers have to cope with. The play wright describes Hibbert as a coward who is isulated because of the fear which has almost taken over his life. There is a part in the script where Hibbert is pleading to Stanhope for him not to go up to the trenches, Hibbert said " I can't bear to go up in those awful trenches again -."
- Word count: 705
Raleigh is confused and apologises, hoping that this would ease Stanhope's hostility towards him. This eases Stanhope slightly as he says "Well, we've kept your dinner. It's ready for you here" but Stanhope tenses again as he finds out that Raleigh ate with the soldiers - "Are you telling me - you've been feeding with the men?" . Stanhope intimidates Raleigh by turning his words around, "So you take your orders from Sergeant Baker, do you?" - insinuating that Raleigh ignores Stanhope's orders. Stanhope tries to belittle Raleigh and infuse guilt, when he asks "You eat the men's rations when there's barely enough for each man?"
- Word count: 785
An exploration of the changing relationship between Stanhope and Raleigh and how it develops through Journeys End
Raleigh's sister is currently engaged with Stanhope, and it is this reason that leads him to believe Raleigh is informing her of Stanhope's change as the nerves and alcohol take control of him. Stanhope is first greeted by Raleigh in Act I when Raleigh enters the dug out. Stanhope, who was not informed before hand who the officer would be 'stares at Raleigh as if dazed'. This stage direction alone immediately gives the audience the impression Stanhope is not expecting Raleigh's presence , but it also becomes clear Stanhope doesn't want Raleigh's presence either with "How did you - get here?".
- Word count: 1455
I will be analysing the characteristics of Captain Dennis Stanhope from the play Journeys End, by R.C. Sherriff.
However, out of loyalty and respect for Stanhope, Osborne responds to Hardy's comment by staying that "he's a long way the best commander we've got."(Page 4) We swiftly gain the impression that Stanhope, despite his tender age, is equally devoted as he is a strong character in this play, who is dedicated to his duty, as is portrayed via Hardy and Osborne's statements that were in support of Stanhope: "he didn't go home in his last leave, did he?" "Other men come over here and go home again ill, and young Stanhope goes on sticking it, month in, month out".
- Word count: 1189
What Stanhope says is true, the only way he can cope with his fear is by drinking so much whisky that it dopes him and numbs the pain he is going through. What makes the fear intensify is the perpetual boredom. It's hard for the men to talk, let alone think of anything but the war. Due to this, food is a frequent topic of conversation. Even though it isn't good quality it is a highlight of the men's day and therefore one of the only things they can look forward to in the day apart from going home.
- Word count: 1361
It shows his naivety, as he doesn't seem to know anything. Sherriff is showing the audience that he has yet to learn certain things. Another way Sherriff creates sympathy is when Osborne talks to Raleigh about how Stanhope is now. He says, "You know Raleigh, you mustn't expect to find him - quite the same." Raleigh's response to that shows that he doesn't really understand how Stanhope is. He thinks he has changed a bit, although he has actually changed a lot.
- Word count: 1128
What characteristics of Stanhopes personality do you think this passage reveals? Support your answer with details and evidence from the passage.
STANHOPE uses alcohol to escape from the everyday horrors of war. On a follow up to the aforementioned point, escapism proves weakness. This passage also reveals STANHOPE's weakness when deprived of alcohol. He says he, "couldn't bear being fully conscious all the time" and he'd "go mad if he didn't break the strain." It is hard to define STANHOPE as a hero, as heroes do not wander around wars drunk and out of their senses. STANHOPE prefers to drink himself into oblivion and claims he is therefore able to cope with the stresses of war.
- Word count: 785
gives an impression of the trenches and dugouts being cold and wet. "(Passing the whiskey and a mug) Don't have too much water. It's rather strong today." suggests that the water was extremely dirty and that too much disinfectant was used to clean it. Sherriff illustrates the horrific conditions endured everyday by the soldiers through Hardy's description and irony. Sherriff utilizes Hardy, to show that high commanding officers were not providing proper equipment to the soldiers. "(He gropes among the papers on the table and finds a tattered map)" and "besides they're (115 rifle grenades) rusty, in any case" shows that the soldiers being provided with tattered maps and rusty equipment, rather than proper maps and equipment.
- Word count: 583
Journeys End. Act 2 begins with a feeling of hope. Trotter has comical conversation with Mason about how he likes his breakfast. Trotter continues by having an optimistic conversation with Osborne about England and the attack.
This further emphasizes the humanity of the soldiers by illustrating to the audience how they are like ordinary people, which causes the audience feel to sorry for the characters in the play. Furthermore, an ironic atmosphere is put forward when Trotter asks for a 'bit o lean' considering his excessive weight. Sheriff uses this to show the cruelty that the soldiers have to face; the higher ranks enjoy luxurious benefits, while troops are starving in the trenches. Sheriff continues by revealing the irony of the upper class's insistence on using a class privilege system, 'Bad cooking that's all. Any porridge?'.
- Word count: 1538
We pass the time speaking, most of the time. Our company leader often tells us anecdotes about his battles and they are really interesting. However, when have got nothing to do, we might simply talk between ourselves, play cards, or make snail races.
- Word count: 265
It makes the audience want to see what Stanhope is actually like. Although they never meet on stag Hardy is used as a contrast to Stanhope. Hardy has a very laissez-faire attitude to life in the trenches. You can tell this because of his organization for example when he's talking about how many boots there are in the trench he says 'Oh no (there are) 25 right leg and 9 left leg, but everything's down there'. This shows not only very poorly organized but that he doesn't seem to care. He simply brushes off the fact that the boots are in a mess by saying 'everything is down there' as if it's all okay, when it's not.
- Word count: 1748
Sherriff uses his character to show the audience how young men were tricked into joining the war by propaganda. They were unaware of the conditions and loss of human life. His characterisation of Raleigh makes his death at the end of the play create pathos and tragedy for the audience as his innocence and youth is accentuated and the audience soon realise the futility of war. Sherriff foregrounds Raleigh's youth and innocence as he states that he got 'kicked in the same place at rugger' emphasising his youth and characterising his innocence as rugger is the only thing he can talk about, reflecting his limited life experience.
- Word count: 1836
The strength in these soldiers is astonishing; it is hard to believe that I will ever have the ability to just carry on like they do. I do not know if I could ever be able to shield how sad I feel and carry on undeterred. I guess as it was a significant event, with a significant outcome I should do the duty to the men by noting down the raid. It was ... difficult should I say, to begin with , to carry out and also to have to deal with ending it left us to accept.
- Word count: 1441
One way in which Sherriff portrays the condition of the trenches is via general conversation. Idle chit-chat about the war shows they have acclimatized, quite rapidly, to their deadly situation. For example: Osborne: Where do the men sleep? Hardy: I don't know. The sergeant-major sees to that. (He points off to the left.) The servants and signallers sleep in there. Two officers in here, and three in there. (He points to the right-had tunnel.) That's if you've got five officers. The men were sleeping in dug-out tunnels but they dealt with it. The set is designed with directions such as "a few rough steps leading to the trench above".
- Word count: 4047
Write an analysis of R. C. Sherriffs presentation of soldiers under stress in the trenches and examine the ways in which class attitudes of British society during the Great War are reflected in the play.
The audience was small, but within it was Maurice Browne, who produced it at the Savoy Theatre, where it was performed for two years from 1929; it was performed over 600 times in that period. "Journey's End" was the first British anti-war play, following the countless pro-war plays and poetry that preceded it and it changed people's attitudes to war drastically. The public was ignorant to war before - it was celebrated and then forgotten. Dying for your country was seen as a noble and patriotic cause, and poems such as "The Charge of the Light Brigade" praised those who gave their lives in a pointless attack that was a result of a misinterpreted order.
- Word count: 1905
In the play, this is the first thing that is mentioned. In the first scene, they are expecting Raleigh, and Osbourne takes a look around the dug-out. They do not have proper beds as they 'haven't got any bottoms to them'. The audience would have been shocked to hear this but would have been astouned by the amount of rats in the dug-out. The officers talk about the 'two million' rats as if it were the norm. Dramatic structure was very pragmatic in the play. Journey's End portrays this by having a big contrast between the beginning and the end.
- Word count: 2032
Captain Dennis Stanhope or Stanhope is the Captain Of C Company, the company that Osborne, Raleigh, Trotter and Hibbert are in. Stanhope has been in the army since he left school and is a very experienced officer and is said to be 'worth at least a dozen men', we also know that Stanhope has been through more in the war than some of the older and more experienced officers when Osborne says 'I haven't been through as much as you'.
- Word count: 2324
R.C. Sherrif has used the character of Raleigh in order to depict the emotions of many officers especially that of the new and fresh army officers.
His freshness to army is shown in many ways. Sherriff shows how Raleigh behaves in front of his fellow comrades, to show his inexperienced nature. He is extremely nervous and not comfortable which is evinced by the fact that he makes little movement. For instance, he even has to be told to "take his pack off" which shows that he is in constant fear. Raleigh is also a learner. This is shown by the incident when Osborne teaches him to address him as "sir in front of men only".
- Word count: 1039
Journey's End - How do the key scenes present a dramatic demonstration of R.C Sherriff(TM)s views on comradeship and heroism in World War One?
He turns at the table and speaks in a dead voice." His hero, Osborne has been killed tragically, and Stanhope is too mournful to think about his own heroic efforts. He then says sarcastically; "How awfully nice - if the brigadier's pleased." This tells you that Stanhope is trying to make the Colonel feel embarrassed with irony. The Colonel, who has been brought back into reality stares at Stanhope in bemusement before suddenly collecting himself and stuttering; "Oh - er - what about the raiding-party - are they all safely back?"
- Word count: 3166
Stanhope shows a lot about the war, he reflects a lot about it by showing us how stressful a war can be at times, and can emotionally break you down from the inside, he shows the audience how important it is to be a commander. The audience knows that Stanhope has been in the war for the past 25 years, so he's a highly experienced commander and he knows that the war is a cruel game to play.
- Word count: 492
In a conversation with his friend Osbourne, Stanhope admits that, "if I went up those steps without being doped with whisky I would go mad with fright". His dependency is discussed openly by Hardy and Osbourne so the audience know what is to come. Hardy asks, "How is the dear boy, drinking like a fish as usual?" Osbourne, obviously sympathetic to his friends problem calls it "bear baiting or cock fighting" This shows how close Osbourne and Stanhope are, and how dependent Stanhope is on his friend, to listen to him and comfort him.
- Word count: 962
Sheriff himself played a part in World War One as captain of the east Surrey regiment. What strikes you straight away is that Stanhope is also captain of a regiment, giving the instant impression the author writes from experience. He interprets Stanhope as a alcoholic as he copes with the stresses of the war. Drinking is his way of forgetting about the war, and gives him the strength to go out on the front line to fight. In a discussion between Osborne and Hardy in Act One, Scene One, Osborne describes Stanhope's drinking as being as cruel but entertaining as 'bearbaiting or cock fighting'.
- Word count: 847
Osborne often acts as Stanhope's champion, defending him stoutly against anyone who speaks against him. There are many occasions when Stanhope is criticised, and Osborne shows a lot of respect for Stanhope when he stand up for him. When speaking to Hardy, he first describes Stanhope as "long way the best company commander [they have] got" and then emphasises his point through his comment that "he'll command the battalion one day". This support of Stanhope shows his staunch loyalty to Stanhope and this security is essential to one in Stanhope's position.
- Word count: 1749
How Does Sherriff recreate for his audience the tension and fear suffered by the men at the front, in his play, 'Journey's End'?
It is these minute details that cause some of the tension, like the extra detail put in about the conditions, which may have been omitted if the play was set over a longer period of time. When the audience sees the set for the first time, they can start to feel the mood of the play. The set is quite dim, as the stage directions state, "flames of candles," and, "gloomy tunnels," showing the brooding atmosphere in the dark, dank trenches.
- Word count: 1346