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GCSE: Robert Louis Stevenson
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'The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde' is more than just a simple horror story. How far do you agree?
Another characteristic that this novel shares with typical horror stories is the battle between good and evil. This is shown in the evilness of Mr Hyde and goodness of Dr Jekyll. In Chapter 10 we find out that Dr Jekyll separated the good and evil parts of his personality into two people that occupy the same body at different times. This is where the novel differs from a typical horror story. Most other horror stories would involve two separate characters, one good and one evil, whose paths cross.
- Word count: 883
Jekyll's clothes do not fit Mr. Hyde; they are too small for him. Hyde therefore personifies the idea that the primitive evil is smaller, and that it can be controlled. Dr. Jekyll is a socially acceptable, repressed individual who still has a dark side. He can hide it though. Hyde on the other hand is the completely liberated. Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde don't represent 'good' and 'evil'. The experiment described in Jekyll's letter didn't turn out as it was intended, which was to fully separate good and evil, with a character embodying each side.
- Word count: 2290
How Does Stevenson's use of setting in "The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde" reveal the themes in the novella?
Mary Shelly's Frankenstein, in which the monster in this had 2 sides, a destructive side but in comparison a loving side as well. Another thing to influence Stevenson was Darwin's origin of species which suggested that humans descended from apes which implies there is beast in man. Stevenson is interested in many different themes in this novel, duality (divided self) hypocrisy, secrecy and control, and the beast in man. Duality is the main, and most important theme in the novel, Stevenson was very interested in the theme of double, as it was part of two of his other works, he
- Word count: 1501
How are Mr Utterson, Dr Jekyll, Dr, Lanyon and Mr Enfield the same and why is Mr Hyde so despised by them?
So to Mr Utterson, Dr Jekyll, Dr Lanyon, and Mr Enfield Mr Hyde represents everything they hate and strive against, he is the antithesis of themselves. Mr Utterson, Dr Jekyll, Dr Lanyon and Mr Enfield are all alike because they are all presented as well-educated, reputable men who come from a good background. These men are very refined characters, always polite and considerate (the fact that Dr Lanyon kept up relations with Dr Jekyll for 'old time's sake' even though he obviously disliked Dr Jekyll shows that he is a courteous person).
- Word count: 801
Show how Stevenson, through the themes, language and setting, has created a world of double standards and hypocrisy in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr Hyde.
He drinks gin when he is alone to mortify the taste of vintages, and although he is fond of the theatre, has not crossed the doors of one for twenty years. This does not sound like the character of someone who has nothing to fear or hide. This theory of another side to Utterson is also backed up in Chapter three, where he reveals that he has dark secrets. In chapter four "The Carew Murder case" Sir Danvers Carew is brutally murdered by what appears to be one Mr.
- Word count: 1473
How does Robert Louis Stevenson create a notion of good and evil in the Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde?
This is where one of the other theme comes in, Stevenson is also creating a desire for freedom, which is what Jekyll craved, the ability to do what he wants without being judged, something that still hits home today, we all want to be free from the judgement of society, something that was all to common in Victorian society. The story is also about contrast between good and evil, and Stevenson brings this into the story by his narrative. His narrative creates this notion of good and evil by telling the story from both perspectives, good and evil.
- Word count: 3857
How does Stevenson create an atmosphere of suspense and horror in "Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde"? Why was this so significant at the time it was written?
From the beginning you learn that there is something unpleasant about this building. The first word that Stevenson used to describe this building was sinister. Not many buildings look sinister, and the thought of this building looking like this immediately tells you that there is something not right about it. Stevenson also mentions that it is two stories high but has no windows, just a door on the lower floor. This building does not just look sinister, but it looks un-natural, this reflects the personality of Hyde who you learn lives in the building.
- Word count: 2198
What view of human nature does Steven present in the novel, The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde?
Hyde's life revolves around the emotions within hate. He has no knowledge of Love. This prevents him from feeling any regret for the things that he does "he is perfectly cool and made no resistance," he takes great pleasure in his actions, suggesting perhaps that he does know Love, but this love is derived from Hate, he loves his hateful emotions and wicked actions. He enjoys satisfying his needs. Jekyll knows both of these raw emotions and this combination brings a new emotion; guilt which is powerful enough to drive him away from evil and all that is considered 'bad' eventually, it drives him away from Hyde.
- Word count: 2484
Hyde' is at one point mentioned as 'very cool and a little damp, and full of premature twilight.' This is a first hand example of the split personality coming through, the darkness showing through too early, damp, a total opposite to the respectable setting of Victorian London. 'The Darkness Out There' focuses on a post world war piece and 'The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, a pre world war piece. Penelope Lively uses World War II in the story to show how our society has moral imperfections. We are shocked when we are shown how Mrs.
- Word count: 3355
How does Robert Louis Stevenson use literary techniques to illustrate the social, historical, cultural and moral points he is trying to make in 'The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde'?
Dr Jekyll is described as "a large, well made, smooth-faced man of fifty, with something of a slyish cast perhaps, but every mark of capacity and kindness". However, when angered "The large handsome face of Dr Jekyll grew pale to the very lips, and there came a blackness about his eyes". He is a very strong-minded man, as he argues about his will with Mr Utterson, however he does become addicted to Hyde, and too weak to oppose him. Mr Utterson after meeting Hyde for the first time, starts to feel sorry for his friend, however he does suggest that Jekyll has a dark past "was wild when he was young; a long while ago to be sure".
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He becomes the most hideous character of the novella, Mr Hyde. The first time we encounter Mr Hyde, is during Enfield's terrible sight of a little girl being trampled over. Stevenson conveys how dark the streets are by focusing on the 'lamps' which can be seen on'street after street'. Stevenson also draws our attention to the emptiness of the streets, emphasising this by using the simile "all as empty as a church". Stevenson builds up a sense of mounting fear by adding that Enfield is so frightened that he "listens and listens and begins to long for the sight of a policeman".
- Word count: 1144
How far is The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson just a horror story?
Mr. Hyde was difficult to describe, Mr. Enfield describes him as `deformed and extraordinary looking, but cannot be described`. After the death of Sir Danvers Carew, the maid said he `was particularly small and wicked looking`. This crime of murder was described `with singular ferocity` - Carew was clubbed by a cane and then trampled underfoot by Mr. Hyde under which his victim's bones were shattered. The victim still kept his purse and gold watch suggesting he was not murdered for money.
- Word count: 1848
Hyde. He uses words such as detestable and deformed. These words create a picture in the readers mind and give them a general feeling of horror, evil and mistrust. Through out the play Stevenson refers to Mr. Hyde as an animal "God bless me the man seems hardly human". This makes the reader picture Mr. Hyde as something without a conscience as animals don't have consciences or morals. This helps to add to the portrayal of evil in the text. The use of the word God is also very significant as at that time people were very religious and believed in God and The Devil.
- Word count: 1499
Not only because he has a profession that demanded all these characteristics but they are innate in him . The novel reveals that Mr. Utterson despite being a dreary and quiet man (e.g. conversation did not come easily to him) he was self- disciplined and one could also say he was shy and to some extent also unsociable (he liked theatres but did not go to visit one for twenty years). Mr Utterson was forgiving to those who did not have this self- control. He seems a compassionate man especially towards people who were down on their luck. He was seen as a likeable person.
- Word count: 1380
Violence plays a great role in the story as well. The trampling of the little girl and the killing of Sir Danvers Carew are both examples of how violence runs through the story. The killing of Carew is particularly graphical. It says that Mr. Hyde "clubbed him to the ground" and that his victim's "bones audibly shattered". Violence was a typical part of traditional gothic horror stories. Apart from the fact that there is violence in the novel, a lot of it is motiveless. The trampling of the little girl is an example of this.
- Word count: 3022
Discuss Stevenson's representation of evil and the concept of duality in 'Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde'. How was Stevenson influenced by the concerns of his era?
Middle class men, like Stevenson, were expected to work hard and treat women with a high amount of respect. The strict ways in which they were forced to live meant that the dark, or evil, side of people was hidden away and repressed until they could find a suitable means of letting it out. This is the same as Doctor Jekyll, a well respected man who could not lose face in front of his friends or colleagues, he decided to make a potion which could turn him into someone who could release his wild side. The fact that Mr Hyde, when finally released, was small in stature, may have been to do with the fact that he'd been hidden
- Word count: 2034
The reader gets the idea of momentous because Stevenson uses the words "London was startled," this emphasises that this "crime of singular ferocity," effected the whole of London, not just one or two people. Another purpose of this first sentence is to prepare the reader for what they are going to read next. This is efficacious as using words like "rendered" and "high position of the victim," makes the reader feel that we know that something really really horrendous and dreadful is about to happen, which makes the reader want to definitely read on.
- Word count: 1477
How does Stevenson use the Gothic Novel to explore the nature of good and evil in 'The Strange case of Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde'
They were known as two friends of shockingly opposite personalities yet, still sharing a close bondage. ?It was a nut to crack for many, what two could see in each other, or what subject they could find in common.? This quote displays that the public even thought that their friendship was peculiar, and this was a way for Stevenson to display his first pair of opposites, a key issue in this novel. They go for frequent walks together every Sunday. On one of these walks they pass a door, which shows much negligence, this is in a dirty side of the city which they don't normally pass through.
- Word count: 1766
There was also a belief that evil only exited in sick individuals. The themes of the novel are good verses evil and duality, this symbolises the society of the time. An example of this is Jack the Ripper; he was a serial killer who never got caught. Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is about repressed desires and what happens when we deny our bad side. It looks at a doctor called Dr Jekyll who feels restricted in society so he takes a potion to relieve pressure however this reveals his bad side and releases the beast within him.
- Word count: 1189
In what ways is the 'profound duplicity' exhibited by Jekyll a reflection of the Victorian way of life?
Religion was an important aspect of Victorian life, and acted as a form of control of retaining the status quo. It was religion that kept the two divisions standing. The poor were made to be obedient, and the rich were imposed levels of expected behaviour. The rich were very God fearing people, and strict when it came to going to Church, this included attending Church every Sunday in their best clothes, and worshipping up to three times a day. Children would read the Bible and their toys consisted of those relating to Bible stories, such as Noah's Ark.
- Word count: 2004
In the nineteenth century the double was an idea that interested and fascinated many writers since it allowed them to explore that which the ordinary daylight world would prefer to forget. Examine and discuss Stevenson's use of the double
His curiosity and increased dependence on the drug results in the death of one of the doctors close friends, and eventually his own. All but one of the characters, Hyde, are middle aged men who want to keep up appearances. The narrator Utterson tells the reader why he drinks gin- to hinder what he perceives to be a sin, "Mortify his taste for vintages". The Victorian world was one where appearances mattered and determined whether or not you would be accepted in society.
- Word count: 1921
These different perspectives provide insight into the story as well. Without them, some of the key events and morals of the story would be missing. For example, without "Dr Jekyll's Full Statement of the Case" the reader would never have learned of Dr Jekyll's past, and the book would have ended with the reader asking why Dr Jekyll did the acts in the book. This chapter, although told in chronological order in itself, is set at the end of the book, providing a new set of events, from a new perspective, from the end of the book.
- Word count: 1377
He uses this double-sided personality not only in humans but also in places and objects also such as towns and houses. Although Charles Darwin's ideas of a man descended from apes were highly controversial at the time, Stevenson takes this idea further in the book and we discover that people tended to cover up their animalistic nature because of the restricted Victorian society. This type of duality is seen clearly in Mr. Utterson, whom we are introduced to in the first chapter. We are told of his 'rugged countenance' and how he is 'lean, long, dusty and yet somehow loveable.'
- Word count: 1266
However, it was not long before Jekyll's manner towards our companionship changed. It soon seemed he had more important things on his mind which only amplified my suspicion. Our once fellow scientist, Lanyon, shared my suspicion towards Dr. Jekyll and this strange character Mr. Hyde. He was as inquisitive as I was regarding the situation. Lanyon told me he has long been deeply suspicious about the experiments Dr. Jekyll had carried out in his laboratory and had become distance from him since. It was this misgiving which leads to Lanyon's death. I remember Lanyon once told me he feared that his death would come very soon.
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He is a highly respected man amongst the London community and his gentleman piers. As Dr Jekyll is a doctor he takes on a high role of responsibility and he meets the responsibility with the up most professionalism treating his patients with deference and care, while he is Dr Henry Jekyll. A quote which can be used to justify his reputation is said in conversation about Dr Jekyll "One of your fellows who do what you call good" This quote says that Dr Henry Jekyll is considered as a highly respectable man and is considered as a trust worthy being.
- Word count: 1951