Positive and Negative Influences on Individuals at Different Life Stages.

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Booklet 2; Positive and Negative Influences on Individuals at Different Life Stages.


I am writing a booklet to raise the awareness of the positive and negative influence of socialisation. Socialisation is learning the values and behaviours of a normal group it consist of two key factors, primary socialisation and secondary socialisation these are as follows primary socialisation happens in a child’s first few years and takes place in the home and family. It teaches the child family and cultural values, beliefs and behaviours. For example to value members of the family, believe in family religion; be polite, well mannered and according to role-models.                                                                                      

Secondary socialisation is when the child is about five- six and has just started school where they can make new friends and they have many different influences.


The positives effects of primary socialisation are, when you grow up around your mother and father you learn how to talk, maybe different languages, to walk, ways of interacting, you may learn manners and more about your surroundings.

The negative effects of primary socialisation are, when a child is growing up, they tend to pick up on things their parents do easily and like to copy for example when a child/toddler sees their parent ironing they may get out a mini iron and copy their parents. This means that a child can pick up on the bad habits from their parents, maybe swearing or aggression towards other people. This is the negative part of primary socialisation.

The positive effects of secondary socialisation are, child at this sort of age, start learning the appropriate way of approaching other adults or children their age, they learn more about manners and other ways to show respect than what they learned when they were at home. Also a child at this age becomes more articulate and understand the difference between right and wrong also when it is time to listen and learn and the time to play.

The negative effects of secondary socialisation are, once a child has his/her group of friends and are comfortable in school, they may start to feel peer pressure from their friends to do things they may not want to do, also if a child is less fortunate and don’t have the same luxuries as others, other children pick up on this and could start making nasty comments towards him/her causing stress and low self esteem. Most children in school suffer some sort of bulling which could affect a child’s learning and concentration.  

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Socio-economic factor

There are many different socio-economic factors that can affect how a person develops. They can be a positive or negative effect.  

  • Education
  • Discrimination
  • Access to services
  • Culture
  • Gender
  • Peer pressure
  • Family and friends
  • Environment
  • Housing
  • Expenditure
  • Income
  • Media

Income and expenditure.

Income means the money you earn from a job or benefits. Expenditure means the money you spend on things like, rent, bills, food, clothes, holidays.(etc)                                               ...

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Some good work presented here regarding the various things that can impact upon someone positively and negatively. Generally examples are given to support the points made, but there are a few instances of assumptions being made, eg. people who work must have childcare issues. It is important to keep a balanced view. In terms of the structure, perhaps the negative effects could have been presented with the positive effects as one long piece of work. This would improve the structure. There are some grammar and homophone errors, so careful proof-reading is required.