The reasons behind the two revolutions in Russia in 1917

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The causes of the two 1917 revolutions in Russia

The situation in the Russian Empire in 1905 was unstable. There was an attempted revolution that made the Tsar Nicholas grant an elected parliament which was called the Duma .By the time the year 1917 arrived, it was clear that the Duma did not change Russia’s state ,the situation was now critical. This lead to two revolutions: the Revolution of March and the Bolshevik Revolution of November. These two events lead to the abdication of The Tsar Nicholas II, the end of the Russian Empire, the Bolsheviks taking power and the start of the Russian civil war.

Throughout   March 1917 the conditions in the Russian capital (Petrograd) became worse. Workers began striking on the 7th of March. Steel factory workers marched down the streets of Petrograd to express their discontentment.  They numbered more than 20,000 by the end of the day. Workers from other factories also went on strike to support them. By the following  day the number of protesting workers in the streets had quadrupled. Every following day the number of striking workers  kept  increasing dramatically. By Sunday the 11th of March the President of the Duma described the situation in Petrograd as anarchy. The Army confronted  the people and workers in the streets and the soldiers opened fire on the crowd. The Duma demanded immediate action but the Tsar refused.

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Eventually, the Army ended its support of the Tsar  and the soldiers joined the workers in the streets to march with them .The Tsar’s ordered  the Duma to stop their meetings but they still held a meeting and set up a committee that was named the Provisional Committee to take control of the government. Later that the day the workers and revolutionaries set a council , the Petrograd Soviet .

After this happened on the 14th of March, Nicholas had no longer the support of the Russian Army .The next day revolutionaries stopped the Tsar’s train on the way to Petrograd, ...

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