Why did Eisenhower damage the civil rights movement?

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Katy Fullilove 29/11/05

Why did Eisenhower damage the civil rights movement?

Eisenhower's evolutionary approach was the main factor which damaged the civil rights movement; it caused a relative standstill. He did not carry through the momentum brought about by Truman, thus many potential developments were not made. On the other hand, some progress was made in the civil rights movement due to Eisenhower.

His first significant action was to appoint liberal Southern Republican, Earl Warren, as a Supreme Court judge. In the BROWN v. THE BOARD OF EDUCATION, TOPEKA, KANSAS (1954) case, Warren said that even if facilities were equal, separate education was psychologically harmful to black children; the Supreme Court agreed. BROWN removed all constitutional reason for acceptance of racial segregation; it overturned PLESSEY v. FERGUSON. Eisenhower, in this instance, helped the civil rights movement by appointing Earl Warren in the first place.
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However, Eisenhower had unwittingly helped the case by appointing Warren; he was unsupportive of BROWN, claiming that 'all they (Southerners) are concerned about is to see that their sweet little girls are not required to sit in school alongside some big overgrown Negroes'1. Eisenhower took the evolutionary approach; he believed that forcing the issue would only cause more hostility, damaging America's society.

His second significant action was intervention at the High School in Little Rock, Arkansas (1957). Governor Orville Faubus of Arkansas stationed the National Guard around the school to keep nine black students out. He used ...

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