‘Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security’ (UN Dec. Human Rites) - Does Christianity accept the need for countries to have nuclear weapons?

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'Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security' (UN Dec. Human Rites)

Does Christianity accept the need for countries to have nuclear weapons?

Nuclear warfare is the use of nuclear weapons, which kill not only by the immediate impact and heat from the nuclear explosion, but also through long-term effects of radiation sickness. However, this is a complex subject and Christian views do disagree.

There are Christians in favour of nuclear weapons these believe that they are an excellent deterrent and prevent nations attacking nuclear powers. As it is known that wars will be won using nuclear weapons and that the other side cannot win. Some also believe that nuclear weapons have prevented a third world war. So therefore in having this evil 'the greater one is being prevented'. Another greater evil being prevented that is if a country had no nuclear weapons then other countries would hold it to ransom. So therefore having nuclear weapons is protection in a different sense. Christians who support this notion notice that this approach has kept peace in Europe for a longer period of time than ever before. This is an example of self-defence.

If the Arms trade were to cease, then a lot of people would lose their jobs and therefore would not be able to provide for themselves and their families. This may even cause more poverty and homelessness in the world. Since World War Two

In the Old Testament there is teaching 'an eye for an eye'. So therefore is one country were to start nuclear warfare then it is only right that the opposition has the right to retaliate.

On the other hand, there are Christians who oppose nuclear weapons, they believe that they are an unproductive use or the world's resources and could be put to better use, for example feeding the starving and sheltering the homeless.

They believe that the commandment 'do not murder' is broken when nuclear weapon are used. This is because they are killing millions and millions. This is evil because humans and animals will die, the environment will be in a mess. They believe that the use of nuclear weapons can never be justified and therefore a war with nuclear weapons can never be just.

At the forefront of Nuclear Disarmament, nuclear weapons drove some Christians to pacifism because they so totally disagreed with the use of them. Christians who oppose nuclear war oppose nuclear war, but they believe that the use of conventional weapons is needed in the modern world, these are called 'Nuclear Pacifists'

In a Roman Catholic Statement it said 'The monstrous power of nuclear weapons will have fatal consequences for life on earth, justice, right reason and humanity therefore urgently demand that the Arms Race should cease... nuclear weapons should be banned.' This is saying how that Roman Catholics do not agree with the use of nuclear weapons or the way in that the Arms Race works.

So therefore there are Christians who believe in the use of nuclear weapons and others who disagree. I think that nuclear weapons are good as a threat and can be prevent against war in that way, but there are chances when they may go wrong and cause fatal damage. There would also be more money to spend on the starving and homeless people. On the whole it cannot be said whether Christians agree or disagree on this matter because their views very immensely.

What are the attitudes and teachings of Christianity towards (i) the necessity in certain situations for violent action (ii) pacifism.

This is a complex topic and Christian views vary. Most Christians believe that war should be avoided if at all possible. Some Christians argue that it could be the lesser of two evils, the worse one, which only a war can overcome.
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St Thomas Aquinas was a thirteenth century monk and philosopher. He started the theory that war is always a tragedy, but in this theory that it is needed to pursue justice. This theory helps to not only justify certain wars, but to limit war. The theory he set up, was a list of conditions that a war needed to be to be just. These are the summaries for the conditions of a war:

) It must be a last result and peaceful methods have been tried beforehand.

2) There must be a legitimate ruling authority in ...

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