• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Does the nuclear family benefit the bourgoisie?

Extracts from this document...


DOES THE NUCLEAR FAMILY BENEFIT THE POWERFUL? The nuclear family can be taken to be two parents and their children. Is the nuclear family primarily to benefit the powerful rather than society as a whole can be perceived to be true. This point of view is associated with Marxism and the powerful are the ruling class or bourgeoisie. They own the means of production such as land, factories, machines and so on. Marxism is based on an exploitative and unequal relationship between two classes. The proletariats who are the workers are the majority and this is were the family comes in. The family is controlled by those who control the economy and they control the family and manipulate the family into benefiting them. In any society the economic aspect (that is, the productive process involving the creation of goods and services for distribution and exchange) is always the most basic, fundamental and ultimately most significant aspect because it is only through economic activity that people can produce the things they need for their physical survival. ...read more.


Marxists contend that this "illusion of power" within the family serves as a safety value for the build-up of tension and frustration at work. The feminist perspective on the family has tended to stress the following ideas. Men oppress women within the family, just as they oppress women within all other institutions in Capitalist society. Feminist have tended to dismiss ides of gender differences based upon supposed biological / genetic differences between males and females that serve to legitimate male domination over women. Women have a role forced upon them within the family. Women act as "unpaid servants" within the home. This idea is linked, by Marxist feminists, to the economic relationship between Capital and labour, in the sense that labour is exploited by Capital in the economic aspect just as women are exploited by men within the family. They see family benefiting the powerful who are the men, this is patriarchy. Functionalist sociology has tended to look towards the family as the cornerstone of social integration in any society by which is meant the idea that ways have to be found to make ...read more.


In short, it provides a sense of belonging and serves to clearly-define role relationships between men and women. Provision of a Home: This idea expresses the assumption that people find comfort and security within primary social and s****l relationships. The "home" not only provides physical shelter, it also serves as the focal point of family existence. I recognise that the family group serves some kind of purpose in any society. Where Marxists tend to disagree with thinkers working in other perspectives, however, is in relation to the nature of that purpose and, for Marxists, the relationship between the family and the social structure of any society is one of unequal dependence. Functionalists argue that social institutions develop out of the need to satisfy, fulfil and organise various human social needs. However I feel that the primary role of the family is not to benefit the powerful but in some societies it does to an extent conform to this idea. There are other functions of the family such as the socialisation of children also providing love and support for its members which does not always benefit the powerful. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This essay identifies the correct theories to use and cover the basic assumption of each theory well. However, there are a distinct lack of sociologists, key terms and theory to back up the points being made.

Marked by teacher Matthew Wilkin 04/04/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Functionalist perspective on religion

    Marx suggested that religion is based on money issues, and is dominated by the ruling class. He also suggested that religion is subordinated on the subject of class. Marx also elaborated that religion is the opium of the people. Marx went on to add that religion is an ideological tool to maintain and legitimate capitalist economic inequalities.

  2. Compare and Contrast Marx and Weber's view on Stratification

    However, the mutual dependency of the two classes is not a relationship of equal or symmetrical reciprocity. Instead, it is a relationship of exploiter and exploited. In particular, the ruling class is gaining at the expense of the subject class and there is therefore a conflict of interest between them.

  1. In what ways does Eliza Doolittle change in Pygmalion?

    To create the outward appearance of the lady she becomes, Eliza is forced to sacrifice and suppress her own personality, leaving her empty and without any vitality or energy. This is the reason why Eliza clearly strives for a rich combination of her original vigour and strong-mind, and the new

  2. To what extent do sociologists argue that the family is beneficial to society?

    He sees the family as trimmed down in modern society, but at the same time realises that the family in industrial society is still as important as it was before, as it has not lost its two main functions. The functionalist views have been criticised by some for concentrating too much on the positive side of the family.

  1. One is not born, but rather becomes a woman' (de Beauvoir 1956). Discuss the ...

    Lamb et al (1980) also studied 3 -5 year olds at play. They found boys and girls tended to play with s*x-appropriate toys e.g. cars for boys and dolls for girls. They were critical of each other for playing with toys seen as more appropriate for the opposite s*x.

  2. "Men and women have different roles to play in modern society." Discuss

    There seems to be a general reluctance for both males and females to switch places from their traditional gender roles. In my opinion, the major factor stopping this role-reversal from taking place is the fact that both sexes tend to revert to their traditional gender roles when couples have children.

  1. The Importance of Language.

    Sacrificing an essential part of her life for a single, temporary meal shows the extremity of the need to flee from her mysterious and distorted world[JIS5]. On Rosabel's peculiar bus ride home, "the sickening smell of warm humanity seemed to be oozing out of everybody."

  2. Families fail in the socialisation of children Evaluate the arguments for and against this ...

    For example, if a child maybe hurts their younger sister with a toy, their parent might take the toy off the child as a punishment to show them that is not the right way to behave and this can contribute to a child being well behaved or even bad behaved later on in life.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work