Is The Nuclear Family Universal? Discus

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Is The Nuclear Family Universal? Discus

The Nuclear family is fundamentally defined as a family unit consisting of a

married couple and their offspring. A grandparent or a spouse of one of the children may be included. The initiative was first developed by Murdoch (A functionalist), and since then it has been a debatable issue between all sociologists. I will now elaborate on this further.

The idea of a Nuclear family is primarily a functionalist perspective. Functionalists deem the family as universal; this idea can be instantly inked to Murdoch. They believe the nuclear family is good for society, it provides a firm set of Values and Norms, which is essentially important for any family to socialize (the main function of a nuclear family). Significantly they argue the nuclear family lays a set of rules, for one to follow- and therefore enables one to socialize in a better way, as they follow the same set of rules as another. They believe this is a common and universal factor within all societies around the world.

Accordingly a famous functionalist also supported this view; George Peter Murdoch, he examined the institution of the family in a wide range of societies (Murdoch took a sample of 250 societies, ranging from small hunting and gathering bands to large scale industrial societies). He therefore had reason to come to the conclusion that some form of family existed in every society, that fundamentally the family is universal. He therefore defined the family as follows:

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“The family is a social group characterized by common residence, economic co-operation and reproduction. It includes adults of both sexes, at least two of whom maintain a socially approved sexual relationship, and one or more children, own or adopted, of the sexually cohabiting adults”

“The nuclear family is a universal human social grouping, either as the sole prevailing form of the family or as the basic unit from which more complex forms are compounded, it exists as a distinct and strongly functional group in any known society”

He basically said the family lives together, works together, and ...

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