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What is History?

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´╗┐What is History? History is the study of past events, where past information, discoveries, collections are recorded. It enables us to study continuity in order not to commit the same mistakes and make changes over time. History provides all of the information for us to examine, interpret and revisit past events and beliefs. Science, literature, architecture and art are all developed in the past. History contains the information we need to know about them so that we can create or invent new technology. Cisero said, "History is the witness that testifies to the passing of time; it illuminates reality, vitalizes memory, provides guidance in daily life, and brings us tidings of antiquity." ...read more.


History allows us to interpret history in various ways. Without the study of past events, we only judge past events in a subjective manner. For example, we might believe that the Second World War was all Germany, Japan and Italy?s fault because they were defeated and therefore we blame them for the loss of lives and destruction of architecture in a city. However, history makes us view these types of historical events in a more subjective way .We look at the cause of the World War II, and analyze why it occurred before making judgments. ...read more.


For example, the Chinese and the Japanese have different views towards the rape of Nanjing, partly due to the fact that history books in Japan are modified to such an extent that this part of history was so called ?deleted?. Even Japanese officials nowadays still do not admit the occurrence of this part of history and argued that the death tolls are due to military actions only. However, Chinese study the rape of Nanjing as a huge part of their history and argue that it is the Holocaust in the East. Therefore, I believe history is a study of past events that allows us to look at it in different ways and interpret these past events differently. ...read more.

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