Revision notes on the Development of Moral Behaviour

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The Development of Moral Behaviour Notes

Moral behaviour is behaviour that is considered right or wrong.

1. The behaviourist approach to Moral Development.

        Based on the idea of reinforcement.

Parents try and teach their children the difference between right and wrong by offering punishments or rewards. Behaviour that is associated with a pleasant experience will tend to be repeated whilst behaviour that is associated with an unpleasant experience tends not to be repeated.

2. The Social Learning approach to Moral Development.

         Involves observation and imitation.

Children observe other people being rewarded or punished for behaviour and so develop the idea of what is right and wrong from others’ experience and imitate the observed behaviour when they are in a similar position.

3. Cognitive Approach to Moral Development

Piaget’s Stage Theory of Moral Development

 Children pass through stages in their reasoning about what is right and wrong

         The stages are universal – they apply to everyone

 The stages are invariable – everyone goes through them in the same sequence.

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Kohlberg’s Model of Moral Development

4. Psychoanalytical Approach to Moral Behaviour

Freud’s Psychoanalytical approach to Moral Development

The unconscious mind: we are not aware of our unconscious thoughts but they play the most important part in our thinking and we can get access to these thoughts via dreams, hypnosis and other routes.

The Id: we are born with a collection of biological needs and these needs are driven by the force of the Id, which expects immediate gratification.

The Ego: our ego develops as part of our mind that organises our thoughts and behaviours in ...

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