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International Baccalaureate: World Literature

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  1. "Wine of Astonishments" Describe the kind of person Eva is and consider Earl Lovelaces purpose in using her as the narrator

    and when he realizes that Bolo has to be sacrificed (125-27). She is the one who consults with Bee before he makes big decisions. Through feeling Bee?s struggles herself, Eva is also very protective of Bee. She defends her husband when the children begin to question his manliness and authority. As mother, she tries to interpret their father?s behavior to them. She say to Taffy ?Just be glad you not a man in these times boy,? She tries to explain to her sons that having the authority of a man in these times was a burden, only worsened by the oppressive colonial system which seemed almost impossible to overthrow.

    • Word count: 2165
  2. Romanticism expressed via John Keats', "Ode to a Nightingale"

    Many romantics believed that, science and virtue were incompatible; an idea which was coined by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Another belief of theirs was that people were good and innocent by nature, and corrupted by the sciences. As well as that people were good and innocent by nature, and corrupted by the sciences. Romantics opposed the beliefs that the revolution established in Western Europe, as they were in favor of free expression of the imagination and the liberation of the emotions; they believed in the individual rather than society, in imagination rather than logic, and in nature instead of the artificial.

    • Word count: 1089
  3. Analysis of The Train from Rhodesia by Nadine Gordimer

    As the paragraph progresses, Gordimer writes how the sand ?close[s] over the children?s black feet softly and without imprint?(41). The choice of the diction used to illustrate the children?s feet as ?black? emphasizes that Gordimer is forcefully trying to stress how dirty, thus poor, the natives really are. What Gordimer also deliberately implements is the imagery of the children leaving no imprint in the sand. Suggestively, the image created represents how powerless and non-existent they are in this society as they leave without an imprint in the sand. Similarly, new characters are introduced from the train and station to signify the helplessness of the natives and show their astringent lives.

    • Word count: 2969
  4. Commentary on "Wuthering Heights"

    and a maid set to pack up some necessary attire, did I obtain her consent for binding the wound and helping to change her garments.? shows us how she was worried about Heathcliff will find her at the Grange and she needs to travel to Gimmerton as soon as possible. The phrase ?I'll smash it!' she continued, striking it with childish spite, 'and then I'll burn it!' and she took and dropped the misused article among the coals.? shows us that Isabella now just doesn't want to be in Heathcliff's life.

    • Word count: 9454
  5. Commentary on Marilyn Krysl's Poem "Summer Solstice, Batticaloa, Sri Lanka"

    This could be used to convey the seemingly never-ending war, and how the exhausted soldiers just want the war to come to an end. The war had raged on for so long that it had ?turned inward until it resembled suicide?. The soldiers no longer fought to win, or to survive, for they knew that fighting meant running to their deaths. The enjambment of the line forces readers to read the word ?suicide? on its own, causing it to be more jarring and emphasizes the brutality of war.

    • Word count: 695
  6. "House on Mango Street" by Sandra Cisneros response

    We see it throughout the whole book and makes us understand many things. Mainly the sense of lost identity is shown. Cisneros expresses her message very clearly in particular in four vignettes. The first vignette we see is ? No Speak English ? where we see mamacita very nostalgic of her home country. She is scared of English and will never go down the stairs. We understand her feeling in this passage: ?Whatever reason whether she is fat or can't climb the stairs or is afraid of English ,she won't come down.

    • Word count: 536
  7. There are quite a few different interpretations of the story Bartleby the Scrivener.

    I believe that Bartleby acts the way he does because he has no interaction with others. He keeps to himself and lives in a world of loneliness because this is the life he created for himself. Bartleby has been compared to a figure that is beyond above him by Donald M.

    • Word count: 445
  8. How and why is a social group represented in a particular way? In relation to the book 1984.

    The Party has striking and deliberate parallels to the Stalinist Soviet Union. The extensive and institutional use of propaganda and the theme of a betrayed revolution are some of the main details that mark the resemblance. Orwell?s experience in the Spanish civil war with the media?s manipulation of the reports of the conflict, Orwell developed a great skepticism about the ability of ?even a well intentioned and honest writer to get to the truth.? He was also generally skeptical of stories that rambled on about the atrocities in the world; he felt them to be a hyperbole of the true event.

    • Word count: 957
  9. Presentation of Shintoism in Mishima's "Sound of Waves".

    I initially thought the nature and lack of modernization of the setting reflected village life. However, the underlying harmony expressed through careful diction, demonstrates the significance of the Japanese beliefs. I now understand that nature has a foremost influence on the life villagers, because it provides individuals with food, shelter, and clothing, which ultimately explains why the Japanese believe that divinity or ?kami? exists not as a Greater Being, but within existing places and objects.

    • Word count: 426
  10. Edgar Allen Poe:Poe frequently uses a premature burial motif and a theme of suffocation.

    Other narrators and characters are leaning on the fine line of insanity, and some have just lost their minds. The insane could confirm that the tales were written during Poe?s road to intoxication. Better yet, maybe he was already there. Could it even be that he used these different personas because he too had multiple personalities. He could have been constantly struggling with his emotions and his perception of life. For example, the narrator of ?The Black Cat? rambles on about his undying love for animals and tries to convince us of his big heart in the following passage: ?From my infancy I was noted for the docility and humanity of my disposition.

    • Word count: 1203
  11. Commentary on Anna Akhmatova's poem "Requiem".

    Her death in March 1966 marked the end of a ?long, illustrious, and eventful career?. Requiem - an elegy of mourning ?Requiem? is structured as a complex cycle of fifteen poems and one prose paragraph, written during the height of the Stalinist Terror, in which as many as 40 million people were arrested, exiled or executed. Within the course of the cycle, Akhmatova reconstructs her experience under the repressive regime.

    • Word count: 715
  12. How does Madame Bovary use the motif of food as a class signifier?

    Charles Bovary is perceived by the reader to be a simplistic, unrefined character bringing down Emma?s standards deficient in sophistication. His atrocious table manners can be distinguished right from the beginning of Emma and Charles? relationship together during dinner. As Charles slurps and drops food form his plate Emma tries her hardest to ignore and ?she had her book with her, and she would be turning the pages, while Charles was eating and talking?(54). Lilian Furst-in her article ?The role of food in Madame Bovary? claims that ?Charles is consistently characterised in relation to food?-from his table manners to his

    • Word count: 1958
  13. Hamlet Soliloquy Essay Act 2, Scene 1. Hamlets emotions are apparent in this soliloquy as Hamlet expresses his feelings on the revenge

    Hamlet questions, ?What?s Hecuba to him, or he to Hecuba? What would he do, Had he the motive and the cue for passion That I have??, to relate his present situation of grief, just like Hecuba wept for Priam. This allusion emphasizes the passion that he feels he should have for avenging his father. This impact that the player had on Hamlet also acts as a parallel and he reproaches himself for his own lack of action as Hamlet can?t quite express this passion, but he desires to acquire it.

    • Word count: 692
  14. Pastures In Heaven Commentary

    This enhances the mood of uncertainty and suspense as one would expect someone to be comfortable in their own home, where as Pat is demonstrating a nervous behavior. It is as though he is worried that any sound he makes may alert his imagination?s haunting figures of his presence. The one area, however, in which Pat displays brief sensations of security and settlement is in the kitchen where Pat has lit a fire. The kitchen is most frequently described as ?warm? and ?light?.

    • Word count: 1217
  15. A Commentary on Swift's use of literary techniques to develop the satirical term and social commentary in a "Modest Proposal".

    Swifts uses satirical language when he talks about the babies and refers to them as food when he says "a young healthy child well nursed is at a year old a most delicious, nourishing, and wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked or boiled; and I make no doubt that it will equally serve in a fricassee or a ragout." Swift here plays around with the language usage as he represents children as food to emphasize the scarcity of food at the time.

    • Word count: 907
  16. The Relationships of Amir in "The Kite Runner".

    This is shown in the book, when Amir lures Hassan into shooting a rock into the neighbour?s dog. Although it was Amir?s fault that Hassan had done that, Hassan was the one who got into trouble because like Ali had phrased it was the devil luring him. Another incident is where Hassan gets raped by Assef. This scene in the book is portrayed with lots of insight from Amir?s point of view and how he could only stand there and watch.

    • Word count: 1003
  17. Brave New World. Huxleys imagined world is nearer to nightmare than to heaven on earth. discuss.

    The system which Huxley introduces to us is one of cold, almost clinical efficiency. There is no need for extraneous items and every one is made full use of - even after death, no dignity is spared for the dead as their corpses are burnt for nitrogen. This man-made efficiency opposes the natural order that exists within our world. Instead of birth, perhaps one of the most natural life processes undergone by human beings, members of this society hatch out of test tubes and find the prospect of ?family? to be overwhelming grotesque.

    • Word count: 801
  18. Reading Response #2 A Clean, Well-Lighted Place & Church Going

    This is definitely unpleasant to most people, in particular, the catholic. This modified prayer indicates that religion is just nothing and it does not offer people hope, comfort, or meaning of life. Moreover, it can with equal validity be seen instead as mankind's never ending yearning to find spiritual peace[1]. Yet, I also think it actually reflects perfectly how people are losing faith in religion ? and I begin to see the dark side of humanity.

    • Word count: 426
  19. Vonnegut's Slaughter House 5 Essay

    In the very first chapter of the story the narrator is discussing his book. He is talking to the filmmaker about it about it and he says, ?You might as well write an anti-glacier book? (pg 4). The narrator has been in war before, he has experienced what it does, what it leaves behind. The filmmaker is alluding to the inevitability of war; they are as easy to stop as glaciers, which is impossible. This powerful use of simile makes an impact on the reader, and helps convey the anti-war theme.

    • Word count: 477
  20. Commentary on the poem " Wife Hits Moose".

    The poem is written in four stanzas, each with a regular number of lines. In each of the four stanzas, a different stage of the accident is described as the poem progresses from an introductory opening into the meting of the moose and the wife, continuing onto the collision and aftermath, then ending with questioning from the poet. The stanzas are images the dress falls on the second syllable (comment differently!), the alliteration from unstressed to stressed can add to put emphasis upon words such as ?heavy?, ?primordial?, dripping? and ?drives? in the first few stanzas.

    • Word count: 1706
  21. In The Lottery by Shirley Jackson, a community is afflicted with the inability of questioning their assumption, which by chance is executing a fellow townsfolk as a fertility rite.

    ?The Lottery?? is a symbol of the necessity of questioning the assumptions in our lives, as evident by the use of an adage by Old Man Warner, the discontinuation of needless details of the lottery, and the obvious harm it does to the community. In the 33rd paragraph, Old Man Warner gave a saying about the lottery, ?Lottery in June, corn be heavy soon.? This adage is an example of how superstition works; an explanation is not always necessary to reason why an event causes good or bad things to happen, sometimes it just occurs.

    • Word count: 712
  22. In the play Julius Caesar, the tragic hero is Brutus

    This held true for the most part, as the citizens indeed believed Brutus that Caesar was too ambitious for his own good. It also shows how even people of Brutus? own status respect and value him as well. His public importance is once again shown with Caesar. Brutus? sufferings are also unusual. ?O Cassius! I am sick of many griefs? (Act 4 Scene 3, line 143) is an example of how Brutus? suffered more for his actions than any other conspirator.

    • Word count: 767
  23. Things Fall Apart Passage Commentary outline

    was very careful when he was handling the medicine for Ezinma- which shows ?Okonkwo selected the best from his bundle, in their due proportions, and cut them up.? Forces Ezinma to take the medicine- for her own good- shows his love for Ezinma ?He then roused Ezinma and placed her on the stool, astride the steaming pot.? Okonkwo values his knowledge and family more than the culture of his clan, where he was willing to sacrifice the superstitions. Goes into the bush at night to collect medicine for Ezinma- willing to make sacrifices to cure Ezinma Little faith of beliefs

    • Word count: 611
  24. To what extent has Lermentov used the idea of woman vs. equine theme as a medium for his views on expression during the 1830s

    Upon hearing the loss of my beloved Karagyoz, I broke down and began sobbing like a child. However, I will seek vengeance! Azamat ? The first time I saw Karagyoz, something incomprehensible happened in my soul, and since then I?ve been disgusted with everything?every minute your black steed would come into my thoughts. I made it clear to Kazbich I?d die if he didn?t sell him to me! I have even offered my dear sister Bela for the prized stallion Pechorin ? Bela?s irresistible beauty arouses me.

    • Word count: 1054
  25. Comparison of Violence in The Catcher in the Rye with Their Eyes Were Watching God

    One of the key examples of this is Holden?s constant use of swear words throughout his journey in the novel. While some readers may dismiss this as mere immaturity of a young adult, there is a deeper meaning behind why Holden uses such words. Most of these insults are commonly directed towards things or people that Holden perceived as useless or ?phony.? Holden gives an example that ?One of the biggest reasons I left Elkton Hills was because I was surrounded by phonies.

    • Word count: 2972

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