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International Baccalaureate: World Literature

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  • Peer Reviewed essays 10
  1. Peer reviewed

    Critical Analysis of After Apple Picking by Robert Frost

    5 star(s)

    I shall try to give my own: The name of the poem itself is intriguing and somewhat ominous. The decision to call it "After Apple Picking" is telling. The use of the term after conveys a sense of ambiguity and finality- it refers to an obscure period after a definite action. The poem is thus set up as an ambiguous one. Furthermore, the "apple" is introduced as a principal image in the poem. Thus readers are led to visualize the consequences of apple picking and to anticipate the metaphorical allusion of "Apple Picking", readied for the ambiguity of the indeterminate "After".

    • Word count: 2663
  2. Peer reviewed

    King Lear Passage Analysis Act IV, Scene 7 (lines 26 - 69)

    5 star(s)

    A touching reconciliation between Cordelia and Lear is seen. Lear is dressed in royal robes and is carried to Cordelia while asleep. I will be analysing three aspects of this extract - The characterisation of Cordelia - The portrayal of Lear's restoration (both physical and mental) - The depiction of Cordelia and Lear's reconcilliation Characterisation of Cordelia This extract further the positive portrayal of Cordelia in Act 1 Scene 1 as the paragon of virtue. Here she is shown to be the perfect daughter, dispelling Lear's earlier characterisation of her as "so young and so untender" (I,1).

    • Word count: 1636
  3. Peer reviewed

    Comparison of emma and charls in madame bovary

    4 star(s)

    Charles had a mother that loved him immensely and would spoil him rotten, whereas Emma lost her mother at a very young age when she was at a convent for her studies. Charles cared truly of his mother as when he was in boarding school he would write a letter to her once a week telling her everything that he was experiencing, as for Emma she really never actually cared, and upon the death of he mother she took it as an opportunity to feel sentimental and be melodramatic like in the novels she would read.

    • Word count: 1714
  4. Peer reviewed

    The Stark effects of being absurd in society- The Outsider

    4 star(s)

    His indifference leads him to be condemned by a trial. In the early stages of the book Meursault is seen as an adverse individual towards society, one who speaks his consciousness. Camus creates a paradoxical character against the normality of society, which brings out stark differences through the use of Meursault's ability to state facts. This narrative effect can be seen from the opening passage, "Mother died today. Or maybe yesterday; I don't know. I had a telegram from home: 'Mother passed away. Funeral tomorrow. Yours sincerely.' That doesn't mean anything.

    • Word count: 1224
  5. Peer reviewed

    Portrayal of colonisers and the colonised in Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness

    3 star(s)

    The reason was because of a misunderstanding about some hence. The Danish man is, or rather was, described as " the gentlest, quietest creature that ever walked on two legs". This statement makes it even more clear how much the coloniser was marked by being in a colony and how many of them went from being absolutely normal to become crazy. Another example of this can be exemplified by the doctor who examines Marlowe when he is going out to work in the colony. He says that most of the men he examines never return, that they disappears out there.

    • Word count: 1656
  6. Peer reviewed

    Character development of Shukhov in One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich

    3 star(s)

    As his life starts to move on, his carriers and thinking also changes with respect to his position. Then he became soldier of the Second World War but after that he could not go to his free living life of farmers and captured by Germans. Now, the life and thinking of Shukhov is in the hands of the authority of the special camp. His life is totally changed, he does not think about his life and does not plan what he have to do for the next day. He is even no longer free to think. 1"During his years in prisons and camps he'd lost his habit of planning for the next day, for a year ahead, for supporting his family.

    • Word count: 1739
  7. Peer reviewed

    Death of a Salesman. Many symbols are included in the play. The tennis racquet, the seeds and the house are some of these symbols.

    3 star(s)

    The tennis racquet, the seeds and the house are some of these symbols. The tennis racquet which w***y observes is an obvious representation of Bernard's success and Biff's failure. Biff and Happy, who hope to make a fortune out of selling sports equipment, are revolving their lives around sport. Ironically, Bernard, who stood on the sidelines in high school while Biff played sports, now owns the tennis racquet. After spending a lifetime pursuing the unsuccessful American dream, w***y realises he has never left behind any accomplishments for his children in his name. The seeds represent the legacy that w***y will never leave with his family.

    • Word count: 629
  8. Peer reviewed

    How do Medea and Hedda Gabler combine tradition and unconventionality within their roles as women in a constraining society?

    3 star(s)

    Right at the beginning of the play when the Nurse, who is privy to all domestic events, describes the couple's serene and idyllic cohabitation: Medea had "come with Jason and her children to live here... in Corinth; where, coming as an exile, she has earned... the citizens' welcome; while to Jason she is all... obedience-and in marriage that's the saving thing... when a wife obediently accepts her husband's will." This in itself does not show an unconventional occurrence, in fact, Medea winning the approval of the people of Corinth just goes to show how well she did fit the mould of a traditional Greek wife; otherwise she would not have integrated into the Corinthian society so successfully.

    • Word count: 1995

"The world is a book, and those who do not travel read only a page"

-St. Augustine

If you loved Crime and Punishment, and your favourite books tend to be those that transport you to faraway places, then you'll probably enjoy the world literature component of IB English Literature. The course teaches you to analyse literary works from many different time periods and cultures, so you'll get the chance to read translated literature alongside English literature.

To do well, you'll need to be able to construct complicated literary arguments in writing. If you would like some practice first, study Marked by Teachers collection of student-submitted IB world literature essays. The teacher-annotated papers will give you all the tools you need to earn top marks: you'll soon see the difference in your writing.

Students who excel in this course should consider studying English literature or a modern foreign language at the university level. When applying to these courses, having good marks in higher level English will be very helpful indeed.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Disgrace. Compare and contrast David and Lucys reaction to the attack in chapters 12 to 14

    "To conclude I would say that David and Lucy's reaction to the attacks could not contrast more. Where David appeared to be scared and Lucy put on the brave front, David was the one who was strong for them both, going to the market etc, whereas Lucy was finding life after the attack very difficult, 'her thumb in her mouth like a child.' However, Lucy does not want the attack to be known to the public, she wants to move on, forget the past, but David wanted revenge on the attackers. Lucy's attitude towards the attack suggests that she felt guilty for the mistreatment of blacks and felt this was her punishment, whereas David's beliefs that change shouldn't happen were stressed by the attack."

  • To what extent does Ibsens Hedda Gabler update the conventions of Greek tragedy that can be found in Euripides Medea?

    "To conclude, throughout this essay I have attempted to show and explain how Ibsen, in his play Hedda Gabler, has updated and twisted the conventions of Greek tragedy that can be found within Euripides' classic tragedy Medea. I have examined how the death of Hedda, in particular the location and reaction to it, utilises and manipulates convention to create drama and enable the audience to draw their own conclusion from the action. The nature of the Thespian Loevborg, and how Hedda lives through him, shows how Medea's character has been twisted and changed, that Hedda is no longer seeking revenge and equality, in the perhaps two dimensional Euripidean world that Medea inhabits, but also control and success. I believe that there are many ways in which Ibsen has updated the conventions of Greek tragedy, and that it is the use of farce throughout that presents this text as a truly modernised Greek tragedy. 1 Ibsen, Henrick, Hedda Gabler, Methuen Drama Student Editions, 2002 Methuen Publishing Ltd. P. 76. 2 Hedda Gabler, p. 99 3 Euripides, Medea, Cambridge University Press 1999, l.840 4 Hedda Gabler, p. 45 5 Medea l.298 6 Hedda Gabler, p. 37 7 Hedda Gabler, p. 104 8 Medea, l. 88 9 Hedda Gabler, p. 64 10 Medea, l. 398 11 Hedda Gabler p. 95 12 Hedda Gabler p. 99 C. Wild"

  • Who do you think is responsible for Gregor's fate? To what extent do you think he is responsible?

    "Mr. Samsa lacks the qualities of a caring father, which is the central reason for Gregor's death. With enormous responsibilities at a young age, his life even before the metamorphosis is the life of a beetle. Much of this has a lot of to do with Kafka's strained relationship with his own father, who he describes as "huge, selfish, (and an) overbearing businessman," in his Letter to his father. Although this is not the reason why Kafka died, it sure is the reason why Gregor dies."

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