What is the role of fate in the tragic plays "Oedipus" by Sophocles and "Miss Julie" by Strindberg?

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What is the role of fate in the tragic plays Oedipus by Sophocles and miss Julie by Strindberg

Fate has been used by august Strindberg in his play Miss Julie and Sophocles in his play Oedipus in many different aspects that lead to one final result, both of them ending up in misery. The plays are written on the lines of Aristotelian tragedy, and besides the tragic flaws of the protagonists, fate too acted as a malignant force leading the characters through an ordeal. However the way in which their fate was carried out was completely different as the fate of Miss Julie was self inflicted and the fate in Oedipus was the will of the gods. In this essay I will analyze the way fate has been used by the authors.

First I will look at Miss Julie. In the play the author Strindberg gave the main female protagonist Miss Julie hysteria where during his time this was used to describe women who had sexual desires but didn’t believe that they did. We can see this in the play where she was sexually attracted to Jean and begins to flirt with him. Despite his being a servant and her not being allowed in the kitchen (because the kitchen was “too dirty” for the masters) she still went inside and stayed there to spend time with him. The reason as to why the author gave Miss Julie hysteria was to develop the plot and to show that she was blind to her actions and creating her own fate of doing something without knowing it. For example when Jean was going to tell Julie about his love story but stopped because he found it childish, she insisted that he continue. This shows that she wanted to get closer to him and wanted to know more about his life which was mainly caused by her attraction to him. This example highlights the fact that Strindberg has used her interest towards Jean as a tool for her fate. Fate is responsible for the fall of Miss Julie, and it is the irony of her life that a proud aristocrat is robbed of her honour by a mere valet!

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I'm sitting on top of a pillar that I've climbed up somehow and I don't know how to get back down. When I look down I get dizzy. I have to get down but I don't have the courage to jump.”

Now I will take look at how fate has been used by the Sophocles in Oedipus. In the play the king of Thebes Laois (father of Oedipus) was told by the oracle at Delphi that his son would kill him and marry his mother i.e. the kings (Laois’s) wife. Here we see how the play depends on the will ...

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