• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

‘There is no doubt that a drawbridge existed at Farnham Castle.’

Extracts from this document...


Farnham Castle Investigation A GCSE History Coursework Q UESTION ONE 'There is no doubt that a drawbridge existed at Farnham Castle.' A. Would you support this statement? B. Do the sources agree with your findings? Are there any limitations? A Using the evidence that I have seen, I feel thoroughly prepared to say that yes, I would agree with the statement. The architecture of the keep and the records of the Bishop's Rolls convince me that there was undoubtedly a drawbridge at Farnham Castle, connecting the Keep on the motte with the surrounding bailey. In it's current guise, the castle keep is entered from the south-east of the gatehouse, and where currently two flights of stairs approach the keep, and these can be seen from the courtyard neighbouring the entry. From the courtyard the architecture and structure of the stairs can be viewed, and it is this structure which throws first light on the possibility of a drawbridge. As Picture 1 shows, there are three distinct sections to the stairs. At the bottom, under the initial flight, there is original stone work, as there is underneath the uppermost flight. This shows that the stairs are part of the original Norman structure, and therefore any alterations would support the evidence for a drawbridge pit. This is topped with a thin layer of Tudor brickwork, of little significance other than decoration. However, the middle section is distinctly different, split very clearly. It is filled without any structure, and contains bricks of many types, from Norman grey stonework to later Tudor red brick. As there is no pattern to the structure, I believe that it is a filled-in pit, with out any other clear purpose. If it were constructed properly, then almost certainly more time would have been spent ensuring the strength of the brickwork, as the entry of the castle would need to be strong for defence. ...read more.


The plan of the castle, a top-down diagrammatic map, shows the age of many walls and foundations, including the gatehouse, stairs, and turrets. It is very limited as it is very sparsely annotated, labelling only a few of the more important sites on the site. However, the shadings (referring to the age of each part of the castle) are in keeping with my hypotheses. For example, most of the castle is built in the late 12th Century, yet the shading of the stairs conveys that the site of the pit was built up at a later date to the stairs and keep. Finally there is an excerpt from the Keep's own guidebook, by Mr. M. W. Thompson, a known historian. His testimony agrees with what I have found perfectly, making direct association to some of the points I have mentioned. "There are frequent references to the bridge in the manorial accounts, while others to the 'mantell' probably refer to the projecting superstructure" Although the source is secondary, much like that of the anonymous historian, the fact that the selection is from an official guidebook makes the source particularly trustworthy - a guidebook must be well researched to have any use to visitors. Therefore I believe this source to be fairly trustworthy. There are a few limitations to this however. It comes down to a lack of intricate detail - there is no reference to the working of the drawbridge, or the rectangular markings on the front of the gatehouse. All in all the sources differ a lot in their opinions, with the Rolls being vague yet confirming the drawbridge's existence, the guidebook being clear and particular in it's view, and the anonymous quote being very one-sided and unaccommodating of the evidence against it. The plan, though poorly labelled, is accurate in the information it provides. Q UESTION TWO 'Farnham Castle Keep was simply a place of defence.' ...read more.


The keep is traditionally positioned on high ground, vital for any castle or defensive point. This immediately shows that the castle must have been in some way defensive. The ditch, though very shallow, is a defensive, drawing attackers into an area where the batters can be used to full effect, and archers have easy shots on the offensive army. Finally, the keep is in a very defensive position. It is founded deep in the mound, and cannot therefore be undermined by the attackers. Its position in the centre of an excellent defence makes it a defensive stronghold. Also it held meats and other stores, in its cool, dark, and damp environment, where they would have kept for months. This mix of heavy defence and domestic features makes it an excellent place to withstand a siege. The cornerstones inside the well-shaft, which mark individual floors, can be seen in Picture 13) From my substantial evidence I can quite easily deduce that Farnham Castle was never simply a place of defence. The castle has always accounted for a need for people to live within it, slowly evolving from a mainly defensive castle to become a home in the 16th and 17th centuries. B There are four sources associated with this question, and all four agree in some way. This is unfortunately marred by the fact that all four are limited in some way or another. The first source is an excerpt from the Bishops Rolls from the years 1210 to 1299, on the matter of fences and some domestic buildings on the castle grounds. Also included is a letter from an Arthur Oswald to a Reverend Huband, concerning an article in a magazine called Country Life; dated June 22nd 1934. The second source is a long monologue from the Castle's official guidebook by M. W. Thompson. Thirdly is an extract from a book called Farnham Castle, The Forgotten Years, by P. D. Brooks. Finally there is a print made from an engraving in this book, showing Farnham Castle in 1737. The most reliable source I have backs up my hypotheses excellently. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Architecture section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Architecture essays

  1. why was the roman army so sucessfull

    and they were given strict rations so nobody became obese.In battle when a soldier was badly injured they would be taken to the medics that were stationed around the battle field.This helped them to become sucessful because the soldiers were strong healthy and could overpower the other armies.

  2. How and why has Lincoln Castle changed from 1068 to the present day?

    As a result of this information, the corner that was most vulnerable was made into Cobb Hall. The outside wall was made rounded as it was better for defence, but the walls of Cobb Hall that lay inside the

  1. In this assignment I aim to analyse the living area within a three floor ...

    http://www.knaufinsulation.co.uk/solutions/10_introduction/13_building_regulations/residential_building_regulatio/thermal_regulations/thermal_regs_-_e,w,ni_-_new_bu.aspx The house I am evaluating doesn't meet current building regulations, as it was built in 1969, and Building Regulations at that that time would not require builders to meet the same standards as they do today. On calculating the U-value of the standard cavity wall with no insulation (table 1)

  2. Renewable Energy in Practice. The Energy Statement for Ashton Green Sustainable Urban Extension ...

    It means that the payback for the system is much quicker and the option of solar PV is being seen as an attractive investment. It was also mention in Dragon's Den by Deborah Meaden that the PV system is the best domestic investment at the moment.

  1. Review of Literature On Performing Arts Facilities, Theatres and Concert Halls

    In designing the Mashouf Performing Arts Center, Michael Maltzan sought to capture the inventive spirit that characterizes the University's College of Creative Arts, designing a complex that facilitates connection and interaction among theatergoers, performers, students and faculty. The building will be designed and constructed to a LEED Gold level standard.

  2. From Syntsalo Town Hall to Finlandia Hall Alvar Aaltos Space of Humanism

    But no matter what the solution is, the basic aim was the same: to produce guidance into a different scale of space, thus make the spatial experience more complete and smooth. Fig.9. Entrance to the council chamber in Säynätsalo Town Hall Fig.10.

  1. Describe the professional and managerial workforce who may be involved in the development of ...

    Having said that in construction management the client has one direct contract with the construction manager and the contractor becomes the subcontractor to the construction manager (consultant). Both project and construction management are similar in the sense that they both involve three parties, the client, consultant and contractor.

  2. How could materials, renewable technologies and adapted processes be used in future sustainable housing?

    I was unable to find the average cost of a 1 bed home in BedZED, however BedZED house prices are generally 15% higher than in the surrounding London Borough of Sutton. In conclusion about the comparison of both projects, I feel that in terms of attempting to transform the seemingly

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work