• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Human Genome Project

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

THE HUMAN GENOME PROJECT What is the human genome project? Completed in 2003, the Human Genome Project (HGP) was a 13-year project coordinated by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health. During the early years of the HGP, the Welcome Trust (U.K.) became a major partner; additional contributions came from Japan, France, Germany, China, and others. See our history page for more information. Project goals were to: -identify all the approximately 20,000-25,000 genes in human DNA, -determine the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA, -store this information in databases, -improve tools for data analysis, -transfer related technologies to the private sector, and -address the ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI) ...read more.

Middle

As part of the HGP, parallel studies were carried out on selected model organisms such as the bacterium E. coli and the mouse to help develop the technology and interpret human gene function. The DOE Human Genome Program and the NIH National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) together sponsored the U.S. Human Genome Project. Potential Benefits of Human Genome Project Research Rapid progress in genome science and a glimpse into its potential applications have spurred observers to predict that biology will be the foremost science of the 21st century. Technology and resources generated by the Human Genome Project and other genomics research are already having a major impact on research across the life sciences. The potential for commercial development of genomics research presents U.S. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is the first time we've decided in so organized a way to alter the nature of life itself. Could employers and insurance companies obtain an individual's genetic information? Could government agencies or law enforcement authorities use genome research to invade privacy and predict behavior? Could prospective spouses demand DNA screenings to reject unsuitable mates? And there is a darker side to this radical project, even though few people in our society are considering it much. We have set out on a project whose goal is to alter the nature of human existence, without the interest of a single national political leader or a single Congressional debate (this in a country in which the mere mention of sex on the Internet sends legislative bodies into hyperdrive). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Developmental & Reproductive Biology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Developmental & Reproductive Biology essays

  1. Nutrition is the relationship of foods to the health of the human body.

    fat in my diet I could eat more seeds, nuts and minimise my intake of fried food and saturated fats from meat and dairy products. Carbohydrates are the most important nutrients in our bodies. Carbohydrates give all the cells in our body the energy that they need.

  2. Contrast the Biological Differences between Heterosexual Males and Homosexual Males

    A sample of mothers who knew they had homosexual, bisexual, and heterosexual sons were asked if they remembered being particularly stressed during their pregnancy. Answers ranged from divorce, death of a family member, and traumatic financial woes. The study found that two thirds of the mothers of homosexual offspring remembers specifically being extremely stressed at the point of pregnancy.

  1. The Female Orgasm: Adaptation, Artefact or culturally learned? ( Department of Psychology - University ...

    Although he offers a detailed technical description of female sexual response during intercourse his account includes some perplexing features. He notes that the extra thickness of the human male penis is designed to help stimulate the woman; and results in the female's external genitals going through much more pulling and pushing during pelvic thrusts.

  2. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is an in vitro technique, which allows the amplification ...

    + 4(GC) - used in a single experiment should be approximately equal. 4. Sequences with long runs of a single nucleotide should be avoided to prevent binding of the primer to repetitive sequences in the target DNA. 5. Individual primers should not contain sequences that are complementary.

  1. The Human Genome Project and its Ethical, Legal and Social Implications

    We will have information that will vastly increase our knowledge of the structure and function of DNA in chromosomes. It is thought that this information will revolutionise future biological research, particularly in the fields of medicine, gene testing, gene cloning and biotechnology.

  2. Is there a genetic link of alcoholism?

    The genes for all the different characteristics are held at certain locations on a pair of chromosomes, for example if there was an abnormality at chromosome 15 at a specific point, a person may have pradea- willi syndrome. There are several different versions of a particular feature i.e.

  1. Should reproductive hormones be used to alter fertility?

    When using fertility drugs they can increase both the levels of hormones in the body and the number of ovulations. http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/biology/b103/f01/web3/pendzich.html Multiple births can also be a problem when drugs are used to increase fertility as they can occur in 50% of cases particularly in young women under 30.

  2. Explain the treatments available to help infertile couples have children.

    The advantages of using IVF are it has been around for a long time and so far no medical problems have been linked with IVF. The disadvantages are the fertility drugs have strong side effects and there is a high chance of having twins.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work