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1: Will give a brief introduction to Emotional and Behavioral Disorders.Section 2: Will highlight the common characteristics of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders.Section 3: Will discuss ways how to deal with

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Introduction From day to day, the call for inclusive education is becoming louder and louder. According to the National Disability Survey, carried out in 2003, there are 518 students with special educational needs who are attending "normal schools". Note that this static is based on those students aged between 3 and 16, who are registered with the National Commission Persons with Disability. The term inclusive education refers to an educational philosophy, which promotes the right and the need of those students with special educational needs to be integrated and educated in "regular classrooms". Students with special educational needs can be categorized under different forms of impairments. This assignment will specifically focus on emotional and behavioral disorders. It will attempt to investigate its characteristics and to discuss the appropriate inclusive arrangements needed to help those students with emotional and behavioral disorders. The above topics will be discussed as follows: Section 1: Will give a brief introduction to Emotional and Behavioral Disorders. Section 2: Will highlight the common characteristics of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders. Section 3: Will discuss ways how to deal with students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders. Emotional and Behavioral Disorder. From time to time, every child faces emotional difficulties. Feelings of sadness, loneness and extreme emotions are part of growing up. Such problems are more common during the transition from primary to secondary school and during adolescence. ...read more.


* An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers. * Inappropriate types of behavior or feeling under normal circumstances. * A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression * A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal school problems. As I already mentioned in the previous section, the earlier the family discovers that their child has emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) the better it is. Obviously, it is impossible to identify EBD in infants by taking in consideration the above characteristics. Consequently, one should look for the following characteristics that may indicate that a child has EBD. * The child is unresponsive to the environment such as: s/he does not look for objects, does not show emotions, does not respond to environmental changes such as sound and light, etc. * The child is over-responsive such as: easily upset, cries, etc. * Weight loss or inadequate weight gain that is not explainable by a physical problem. * Children who become engrossed in self-stimulating behavior to the exclusion of normal activities * The child is self-abusive such as: head banging, biting, hitting. * The child has problems to form affectionate relationships with care providers such as baby-sitters or relatives. As the child get older, it becomes easier to diagnose EBD. Usually, the most common characteristics identified in children with EBD are that they have academic difficulties, they are not able to maintain appropriate social relationships with others, and they have serious behavioral problems such as: dangerously aggressive towards others and self-destructive. ...read more.


* Request students to demonstrate verbally their understanding of the directions. * Materials should be presented for all learning styles; e.g., auditory, visual. * Provide mini-breaks between lessons. * Provide positive reinforcement. * Individualize work assignments. * Structure classroom environment. * Do not place hands on students. * Keep a sense of humor and use it. * Solve problems privately not publicly. * When disciplining the student address the specific behavior and avoid any indication you dislike the student personally. * Be firm, fair, and flexible. * Involve parents. After, taking a look at the above strategies one will immediately realize that by putting these strategies into practice one will make life easier for both the student and the teacher. Conclusion In general, one can say that emotional and behavioral problems need to be taken very seriously. As prospective teachers we need to be familiar with the above characteristics since it is very likely that we will be teaching students with emotional and behavioral problems. Most importantly, we need to make sure that we focus on the students' educational needs rather than on correcting inappropriate behavior. As teachers we must remember that our first concern is the students' educational growth. Researching this topic has helped me to become familiar with the characteristics of EBD. Presently, I am working as a supply teacher and one of my students has behavioral problems. Consequently, I hope that by applying what I have learned during this assignment will help me to better accommodate this particular student's needs. ...read more.

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