"Interpretive sociology has suggested that pupil's progress at school is the outcome of processes of interaction between pupils and teachers".

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Aneil Patel                     Sociology

“Interpretive sociology has suggested that pupil’s progress

at school is the outcome of processes of

 interaction between pupils and teachers”

Education provision can vary and influence. Schools vary in the quality of staff and the behaviour of pupil’s. Children are influenced by good schools which depend on teacher’s qualities. However, most of the studies which focus on the school tend to be interactionist, the relationship between teachers and pupils and there are many theories. Interactionist studies tend to focus on what teacher’s do to pupil’s and may underestimate there ability.

The teacher’s attitudes play a part in working class children underachieving. The ‘Hidden Curriculum’ is everything in school apart from the formal exams and curriculum. It is everything that is learnt but not taught like teacher’s attitudes, streaming, pupils’ attitudes, uniform, out of school activities, this is a main factor between the relationship of teacher’s and pupil’s. Therefore the teacher’s attitudes play a part, why some children are underachieving at school.


Hargreaves et al. did research in to teacher’s attitudes in the hidden curriculum.  He found that teacher’s labelled pupil’s into stereotypical groups. He found they followed criteria of labelling that covered seven areas: appearance, conform to discipline, ability and enthusiasm for work, how likeable they are the relationships with other children, their personality and how deviant they are.         The teacher’s then put the pupil’s through three stages of typing: hypothesis, elaboration and stabilisation. These views affect the way which the pupil’s were treated by the teacher for example they are streamed according to the teacher’s views of them, this may lead to the pupils underachieving or even doing extremely well at school, depending on the pupil’s attitude towards education.

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Becker says that teachers have the view of an ‘ideal pupil’ and classify pupils accordingly. He found this related particularly with social class and working-class children were far away from the ideal. This labelling affects the pupil’s self-concept, which therefore, affects their attitudes and can lead to changes in behaviour and educational achievement. The label given to the pupil becomes a self-fulfilling prediction.

Streaming is a product of teacher labelling. Those that are perceived to be of lower ability are placed in lower streams. Cicourel and Kitsuse found that teacher labelling affected the streams pupils were put in ...

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