How far do the sources support the view that Germany was warlike and aggressive in its foreign policy in the years 1899-1914?
How far do the sources support the view that Germany was warlike and aggressive in its foreign policy in the years 1899-1914? Sources one to six do support the view that Germany was warlike and aggressive in its foreign policy in the years 1899-1914. There are many reasons for her aggressive like behavior. Germany believed they were being "encircled" by the other powers of Europe. The most important factor for other countries belief of this was there increasing involvement with "Weltpolitik" or Germanys World Policy. The other powers believed this new policy passed a great threat. This policy was now emphasized on expansion, especially over-seas and the creation of a huge navy. Firstly, it undoubtedly reflected the mentality and hostility of the Kaiser. Source one is a speech to the people of Germany, convincing them that Welpolitik is a good thing and it will bring prosperity to Germany, however he is telling the people what they want to hear, so this could be untrue or biased and therefore not very reliable, "without a strong military and a strong navy there can be no welfare for us" (Prince Von Bulow, 1899). The main core of the Weltpolik was Bernard von Bulow, Johannes von Miguel and Alfred Von Tripitz. However is Weltpolitik essentially an element in the solution of Germanys economic problems? Another worry was the German build up of their fleet, if they to succeed in
How far did Germany model itself on Britain 1890-1900?
How far did Germany model itself on Britain 1890-1900? Germany's policies and ambitions were mirrored by British achievements in the late 19th Century to a certain extent. Germany was envious of Britain in many ways. An obvious factor was over the British navy, being the biggest and the finest at the time. Also Britain's valuable possessions overseas, not only gaining global influence of its nation and culture but also using the vast amounts of natural resources provided by the colonies to power its economy. Germany could see Britain's growth in strength and therefore attempted to imitate aspects of its foreign policy and even its culture. Germany was ready for expansion and once again stamp down its authority within the continent as it had done during the period of unification, proving to be the most powerful and influential nation on the continent. However, this determinism to become 'another Britain' would only draw the two countries into conflict. It was clear that there was a need for expansion and a desire to explore new horizons after the success of the 1860s and 70s, and peace was simply uninspiring. However, the Kaiser and Chancellor were not ready to risk another war with a major power in Europe but instead would look to attack abroad, seeking vulnerable areas to claim as colonies of Germany, providing their country with prestige at little cost. The need for
The Irish In Britain, 1845-1914 - Famine immigrants
Between the years 1845 and 1914, did the Irish in Britain constitute an outcast group or did they develop an accommodation with mainland society? ____________________________________________________________________ As a result of the 1845 Irish Famine, many of the surviving Irish population were forced to immigrate to countries such as American, Canada and Britain. The situation that British settlers found themselves in is a matter still disputed between historians today, with the idea that the Irish were an outcast group aligned with the prospect that they managed to develop an accommodation in mainland society considerably well. The investigation of the prospect does require an insight into various aspects of Irish life from the employment issues, social conditions, political activity, religious concerns, the violence and disorder in the country and the position of both the Irish immigrants that arrived before 1845 and settlers in other countries such as America as a form of contrast. Given that first-hand sources from the Irish perspective at the time are very scarce, personal accounts from later dates are very valuable in gaining information on how the Irish settled. The Dictionary definition of 'outcast' is 'a person who is rejected or cast out, as from home or society', while 'society' it self is defined as 'an organized group of persons associated together for
To what extent can Kaiser Wilhelm's reign 1880-1914 be characterised as 'personal rule'?
To what extent can Kaiser Wilhelm's reign 1880-1914 be characterised as 'personal rule'? The reign of Wilhelm II has been subject to much debate by historians concerning Wilhelm's aims of 'personal rule'. Rohl for example states that from 1897 Germany was run as a "functioning monarchy" with power concentrated in the hands of one man, the Kaiser. An opposing view is that Wilhelm "possessed neither the character nor the aptitude to be his own chancellor and his leadership amounted to little more than whimsical flights of fancy and blundering interventions". Can the reign of Wilhelm II be labelled one of 'personal rule' or was the Kaiser's "limited knowledge of German politics" too much of a weakness for this to be achieved. Wilhelm II was fixated with the idea of ultimate control; he "believed in personal rule without regard to parliament or public opinion" (Eyck). This idea was fuelled by the Kaiser's belief in the 'Divine Right of Kings', the view that royal authority derives directly from God and therefore as emperor he should only have to answer to God. Wilhelm's desire to establish this policy of 'personal rule' was made possible by his monopolistic control over appointments to the Imperial government, Chancellors for example. The initial years of Wilhelm's rule did not display factors supporting the Kaiser's policy of 'personal rule'. The chancellor, General Leo von
The Mansion Road Murders.
The Mansion Road Murders Kaiser, Tim and Waseem decided to meet up the following day at the Oakley Stone Graveyard, which were several minutes away from Mansion Road. The plan was to meet up at 8.00pm when night slowly fell. They chose night-time because it would give them less chance of getting caught. Waseem A tall built boy had arrived early as usual wearing jeans, T-shirt and a long godfather jacket, then came Kaiser a short but an intelligent boy he came several minutes after Waseem wearing a hooded jumper and jogging bottoms pulled up halfway up to his knees. Kaiser and Waseem both waited anxiously thinking if Tim will come or not, after a while out of no-where Tim appeared in front of both them. Kaiser and Waseem jumped at Tim like a hungry Tiger seeking its prey. They both moaned at him repeatedly for being so late all the time. After arguing for several minutes all three of them decided to make a move. As they walked up Mansion Road all three of them started discussing anxiously what the outcome of their visit would be. After a matter of minutes they had arrived at the haunted Mansion. From the outside the mansion it looked as if a mansion had been placed there from out of the blue its windows were half broken as if somebody had thrown stones at the decrepit mansion. The mansion stood out the most from the other entire mansions in the area. The creepy sounds
Modern History Assessment2
Holocaust Essay Explain why the Nazis Implemented the Final Solution The Nazis implemented the Final Solution because this method was so far the most efficient method in quickly wiping out the Jews. Other methods did not progress well, nor was it efficient in the extermination of Jews. Due to these inefficient methods, the Nazis developed many phases such as the Einsatzgruppen mass shooting and the gas vans. However, many problems aroused, which lead to abandoning these methods. During Hitler's reign, Nazi anti Semitism was so far the first method. This meant that the Jews were slowly deprived as normal German Citizens, thus prejudice and hostility gradually progressed. This was achieved by taking the rights of the Jews, and to convince the German people that this was necessary, Hitler himself gave a speech to the German Citizens about his beliefs. His goal was to get rid of the Jews from the Aryan race. He was however successful in creating the "Unlikeness of men" observations despite the crude evidence which suggested that Jews constituted as a race not religion, that Jews were the corruptors of the pure blood race, that compared with Jews Aryans are contrasted as genetically, physically and mentally superior regarding to Jews. This was supported using the popularized Social Darwinism theory. The Nazis first action was to isolate the Jews from the Aryans, believing that
The Christmas Truce of 1914.
Ashay Shah History 118B - Assignment 4 Grader: Xiaxiang Luo The Christmas Truce of 1914 The Great War of 1914 has been called as the "war to end all wars", the "massacre of innocents", and the birthplace of modern warfare. As the British Broadcasting Company (BBC) describes, during the Great War the world witnessed some of the most bloody and ruthless battles in history. The face of warfare was forever changed with the introduction of the machine-gun, poison gas, airplanes, and most notably trench warfare ("The War to End All Wars"). However, as Sir Arthur Conan Doyle noted in his history of 1914, there was "one human episode amid all the atrocities which have stained the memory of war" (qtd. in Simmermacher, par. 11). Doyle alludes to the December of 1914 when soldiers from both sides of the conflict gathered together between their trenches, set aside the hatred they were expected to feel for each other, and shook hands. Although mostly British and German soldiers participated in it, the truce touched men throughout the Western Front. These unofficial armistices lasted anywhere from a matter of hours to several weeks, and were completely orchestrated by the troops partaking in them, with no approval or guidance from their governments. As historian Stanley Weintraub points out, the idea of the truce came from earlier wars, simply as respite from fighting to bury fallen
all the easter rebels needed to do was to provoke the british, and in wartime that would not be difficult. if they succeeded in this basic aim, success of some sort, was guaranteed. discuss
'All the Easter rebels needed to do was to provoke the British, and in wartime that would not be difficult. If they succeeded in this basic aim, success, of some sort, was guaranteed.' Discuss. The Easter Rising of 1916 had profound and far-reaching effects on Ireland's subsequent history. It has been referred to as "The Irish War of Independence" and was the pivotal event in ultimately securing independence for the Republic of Ireland. It was planned by men who feared that without a dramatic gesture of this kind, Ireland would remain an integral part of the United Kingdom. They saw the Rising as a last desperate attempt to save Irish nationality. For those of us who were born into an independent Irish State, and whose memories do not go back to the period of 1916, it is hard to fully comprehend the political atmosphere of the time and the fears that the insurgents felt. For them, it was clear that a violent step was needed in order to revive Irish nationalism and free her from alien rule. For centuries, Ireland had been under English rule. Many had attempted rebellions before, but none had succeeded in obtaining what most of the Irish population desired - a free country, one in which they could claim back their rightful heritage as landowners. Although the Rebellion itself was rather feeble, it did have passionate roots. In earlier years, many important figures had united
How far do these sources support the idea that Germany was warlike and aggressive in its foreign policy in the years 1899-1914?
Yousuf Al Hashmi How far do these sources support the idea that Germany was warlike and aggressive in its foreign policy in the years 1899-1914? This essay will answer the question by referring to the given sources. Its conclusion is that there are six sources split up into four opinions. The sources fully support the question, the sources support the second half of the question, the sources don't support the question and the sources aren't pertinent to answering the question. Source one fully supports the idea that Germany was warlike and aggressive. Chancellor Bulow stated at the end of the 19th century that "the German nation will be either the hammer of the anvil." This suggests that his aspiration for Germany was to adopt a warlike and aggressive foreign policy. Bulow remarked that "without a strong army...Navy, there will be no welfare." This leads us to believe that his tone was very warlike and aggressive. This source is useful because Bulow had the power to direct government foreign policies at the time. Sources two and three support the idea that Germany was only aggressive not warlike. Source two suggests that Bertie felt that Germany was more aggressive than warlike due to the situations she (Germany) was kept in. He stated in his secret memorandum that, "She wanted the sea board of Holland". This implies that Germany was an aggressive dealer which might have
With reference to the "Boer War" of 1899-1902, explain how imperialism provided the political and cultural impetus for conflict?
Assessment 1: History Short Essay With reference to the "Boer War" of 1899-1902, explain how imperialism provided the political and cultural impetus for conflict? The Boer War of 1899-1902, or the Second Anglo-Boer War, was the result of long held tensions between British imperialists and Dutch settlers in South Africa, who had formed two independent Boers republics, the Orange Free State and the Transvaal Republic. The culmination of political and cultural divisions, which followed nearly 200 years of British imperialism in the region, escalated into a bloody and drawn-out conflict. Tensions between the Dutch settlers, the Boers - who had established a farming-based society in the Southern Cape as early as the mid-1600 - and the British emerged at the end of the 1806 Dutch-French war when the British took control of the Cape Colony. The British victory resulted in substantial migration to South Africa and the political decision to abolish slavery added to the cultural divisions between the two groups. References to the Boer War as a 'White Man's War' or a 'Capitalists' War'1 suggests that the British pursuit of political and cultural imperialism was the major impetus for the conflict. However, it is important not to discount the Boers own imperialist motivations. In fact, the Boer Ultimatum of October 1899 provided some evidence of the Boers aggression in driving the