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University Degree: Behavioural Science

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  1. How does attachment influence the social and emotional development of the child? In your answer refer to the usefulness and the critiques of the attachment theory.

    This bond develops within the first year of the child's life, and if the bond is not developed or the bond is broken, the child's emotional development may suffer. (Davenport, 1994, P9). Bowlby's theory has been used and extended and has influenced changes in social care, child care, institutions and other areas. The emphasis is on providing a nurturing, loving environment as a basis to build an emotional bond between the child and the caregiver to encourage the social and emotional development of the child.

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  2. Case Study 3: Strategic Action Plan to Encourage the Positive Behaviour of Ruby.

    Or perhaps, just the fact that it is a new environment that is making Ruby unhappy? -Ruby's Mum has a new partner who is living with them. Is this causing distress for Ruby? This is sensitive information which may be difficult to obtain. -Ruby's Mum has just had a new baby. Before the arrival, was Ruby the only child, and has this caused a problem for Ruby? Will Ruby's Mum, assuming cooperation, be able to recognize the change in personality? -Ruby is most often isolated, in class and in the playground, from fellow pupils. Was Ruby not the initial cause of this and has she been isolated from the other children?

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    DESCRIPTION I will discuss nursing professional issues of confidentiality and record keeping from different perspectives including nursing code of conduct, local Trust and national policies, common law applied to professional practice and ethics and other literature. Nurses have legal and professional responsibilities to respect the rights of patients and to treat them equally. Patient's records are to be kept confidential at all times. When a nurse accesses the patient records, the nurse is not to discuss the patient's conditions or any other confidentiality information with anyone not assigned to care for the patient.

    • Word count: 2625
  4. Hormones and Heredity

    When the thyroid overproduces thyroxin, a person will experience several symptoms, some being insomnia, fatigue, and depression. On the contrary when the thyroid does not produce adequate amounts of thyroxin, one will want to sleep all of the time. The pineal gland is a tiny gland located in the middle of the brain. This gland secretes the hormone melatonin. Melatonin regulates the sleep-wake cycle; is this hormones is unstable a person can experience feelings of "jet-lag". A person's pituitary gland is known as the "master gland" and has the largest effect on the body of all the endocrine glands.

    • Word count: 1298
  5. Otitis Media in Aboriginal Communities

    Unfortunately many Aborigines' are not aware that they suffer from diabetes and are only diagnosed with the disease after they have seen a doctor for another medical reason.2 Therefore, this figure of 6% is grossly understated and the true figure is estimated to be in between 10% to 30%.1,2 Another disturbing trend for Indigenous Australian's is that diabetes (especially type II) begins earlier in life and to a greater extent. Between the ages of 25 to 34 years old, 4.3 percent of the Indigenous population have diabetes compared to only 0.6 percent of the non-Indigenous population.1,2 However, it is not

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  6. Clinicians have ethical codes, should scientists have them too?

    Hereby, issues such as justification and lawfulness of research, scientific objectivity, societal issues, methods of operation and good practice would be brought to the fore. It must however be recognised that the attempt to cognize the world lies fundamental to the core objective of the practicing scientist and to limit this, through the enforcement of rigid codes, would be to undermine the scientific pursuit of knowledge. As such, it is apparent that whilst the implementation of ethical codes would provide a scaffold for moral and good practice, they must be both malleable and flexible, with an element of precision, so as not to either become the limiting factor upon scientific development or become bland and generic.

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  7. the man who mistook his wife for a hat

    What was so odd about this unnamed disorder is that the Dr. P had normal vision, he was not blind, so what was wrong was not his eyes but was how his brain perceived what his eyes saw. Somewhere along the line between his eyes and the part of his brain that recognizes what he is seeing something goes haywire and he is helpless. He sees a human yet cannot identify one, it is extremely bizarre. This disorder is very interesting, it is difficult however, to understand how this man can see what everyone else sees yet cannot interpret what he is seeing the way other do and the way that he did for the most part of his life.

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  8. schizophrenia

    characteristic of catatonic schizophrenia, disorganized speech and or behavior, also known as 'word salad' in which the patient will ramble on incoherently about delusional thoughts he or she has, as well as the flat affect. The flat affect, also known as the blunted affect, is the term that describes the lack of emotional reactions to certain situations, in other words it is the reduced, or the absence all together of, emotional expressiveness. Throughout history there have been accounts of schizophrenia-like syndromes that report, irrational, uncontrolled, and incoherent behavior.

    • Word count: 1396
  9. Case study-Myocarial infarction

    How Jane has taken on the sick role during her illness will be identified, and the problems that may arise because of this will be explored such as Jane adhering to treatment and adapting her lifestyle. A conclusion will then follow which will review the main points that have been explored through the assignment, including an analysis of how the bio-psycho-social (BPS) model has assisted with the assessment of Jane and enabled transition to part B of the care study.

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  10. Law and ethics in nursing

    The Employment Rights Act (1996) sets out certain rights that the employee has and gives guidance to the employer in regards to what the contract of employment must include such as a description of duties the employee is to undertake. A nurse is accountable to the public in the form of criminal law and they have a duty to maintain standards of care, which includes reporting incidences of negligence and poor patient care (Thompson et al. 2006). These professional standards of care are set out by the Nursing and Midwifery Council (2008)

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  11. Sibling Relationships

    Gender roles Children's sibling relationships are a place where social learning involves the production of femininity and masculinity. Edwards believes that being a boy or a girl is not biologically driven or a matter of socialization into premade gender roles by parents, but it is a continual interactive process. The relationship with siblings plays part in the social learning, producing, and reproducing of femininity and masculinity (2005). It is also seen in the relational patterns of the parents' interactions with each other and their children. Parents interact with each child differently which accounts for the differences in siblings even though they have grown up in the same family.

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  12. the effect of a coloured letter in a word or non word on the reaction time of recognition processes.

    The analyses of single words of semantic and lexical are uncontrollable. The "Stroop effect" occurred when the identification of the colour of an incongruent word is much slower than the identification of a congruent word (Besner, Stolz, & Jones, 1997). J.R Stroop was the man who introduced the "Stroop task" in 1935. He published an article on interference and attention and his Stroop task had kept many psychologists interested in the functions of cognition and processes of attention ( MacLeod, 1991). In an experiment conducted by Stroop (1935), a number of variations of two main tests have been administered.

    • Word count: 2217
  13. The Vulnerable Population of Alcoholics

    craving for alcohol, continued use despite harm or personal injury, the inability to limit drinking, physical illness when drinking stops, and the need to increase the amount drunk in order to feel the effects" ("What is the Difference", 2006). I make the assumption based on my own experiences that many people can still be functional in everyday life and still be classified as an alcoholic. In my family, men on both sides do not consider themselves alcoholics or alcohol abusers solely on the fact that they can perform in everyday life and accomplish their tasks.

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  14. Preventative Intervention for Alcohol Abuse among College Students

    Another basic part of the education portion in this intervention was providing a written one-page list of tips for harm reduction of alcohol abuse to each of their participants. A final note even though it is obvious in the title, is the unique aspect of this intervention being an ongoing assessment lasting a total of four years (Baer, Kivlahan, Blume, McKnight & Marlatt, 2001). Critical Appraisal of the Evidence Study a. The purpose of study A was to examine the Lifestyle Management Class (LMC)

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  15. Biomedical models

    Consultation between patient and physician were seen as unnecessary as the illnesses were self-evident. The medical model that developed from this view was the predominant model for understanding and treating illnesses for over a century in Western societies. It only focused on the root causes of disease and illness by focusing on the aetiology and the pathologic processes involved in disease and did not take into account any social, psychological and behavioural dimensions of illness. Research that was undertaken was primarily focused on faulty genes, bacteria and viruses, assuming that these could be identified, classified and then be removed by treating with the appropriate medical disciplines.

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  16. Free essay

    Who was more important to medicine,

    The four humours was a natural extension of their belief in the four seasons and the four elements. He thought if you were ill you had too much of something your body was trying to balance it. For example if you had a nose bleed you had to much blood and he suggested treatments such as sucking blood from you using leeches. He encouraged people to seek natural treatments instead of praying and going to the temples. Another thing which made him much more able to diagnose people was the fact that he wrote things down. He wrote down symptoms, how he treated them and whether the treatment worked or not.

    • Word count: 782
  17. Who was Cladius Galen?

    This goes some way to account for the attitude of the Church towards free thinkers. Galen's influence can be still seen today. The word " galenic" is used to describe drugs and medicines made from vegetable and animal ingredients using prescribed methods. WHERE WAS HE BORN? Galen was born at Pergamum, Asia Minor on the 22 September 131 and was educated by his father, who decided his son should enter the medical profession.

    • Word count: 504
  18. istopes used in medical science

    Basically radioisotopes are the useful type that is been used up for medical treatments. There are thousands of different forms of radioisotopes that can be classed as very useful medically approved elements. Radioisotopes seemed to be dangerous and cautious from the outside look. But they can be handle carefully and store in safe places for treatments. Many of them are made in nuclear reactors and in cyclotrons. Today most of the medical isotopes are imported from United States but the growing demand rate is really high.

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  19. How far did the sick rely on written communications in looking for remedies in England, 1375-1640?

    The extent to which written communication was involved in this interaction varied. Underlying nearly all of these transactions is a religious element too, with prayer or other religious means providing a hope for a remedy. "Women were responsible for most of the routine health care on offer in late medieval England" (Rawcliffe 1995) and in this role "were expected to prescribe for and nurse relatives, friends and neighbours" (Beier 1987). All women grew herbs in their gardens or in pots, and were supposed to know when and how to use them to make remedies.

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  20. History The renaissance

    Some of these discoveries and theories carried on for many centuries but some were wrong. Discoveries were made such as; the brain controls the body which was found out from dissection. This helped with developments in human anatomy and the body. Also, the 4 humours theory which came across in previous years and it was the idea that the 4 liquids in your body had to be balanced to be well and if they were unbalanced, you were sick. This idea carried on for many years. The life expectancy rate was quite low which meant that improvements were still needed to be made to increase the life expectancy.

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  21. This essay is about the development of medicine in Ancient civilisations

    With their new found wealth the Egyptians could spend their time training specialist doctors and metal workers. They also developed a form of writing and paper made from papyrus so that doctors could record symptoms of different illnesses for patients so that they ould use them again for future reference on ther patients. The Egyptians used the Nile to trade herbs and plants with far away countries to help them with their remedies. Egyptian doctors also believed that the human body was like the Nile, it had channels that kept everything flowing nicely but if one of the channels became bloked then like the Nile their would be disaster.

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    Homeopathic remedies are safe, as a whole, compared to conventional pharmaceutical medicines. "It is widely acknowledged that homeopathic medicines are so small in dose that they are generally recognized as safe (Ullman 153)." Additionally, the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) recognizes that the vast majority of homeopathic medicines are safe enough to warrant their classification as over-the-counter (OTC) drugs (Ullman 153). There are regulations for homeopathic remedies here in the United States, which are ignored by many critics. Homeopathic remedies are regulated by the Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States (HPUS)

    • Word count: 1282
  23. Do the Big Five Theories of Personality Do Full Justice To The Complexities of Human Behaviour

    Later Eysenck added Psychoticism to this list of traits. Eysenck argued that peoples placing on the scale was because of inherited differences in their nervous system and brains (Bernstein 2003). This model laid down the groundwork for the Big Five Model of Personality. The Big Five model is "based on a lexical approach to personality it uses natural language adjectives and theoretically based personality questionnaires" (c*x , Borger, Taylor, Fuentes & Ross 1999) to study personality. This model was made by looking at thousands of adjectives taking out synonyms, slang and uncommon or complicated words and reducing the descriptions into five main traits and a number of secondary traits that come from these.

    • Word count: 1448
  24. Freud and Jung

    Within the scope of analytic psychology, there exist two essential tenets. The first is the system in which sensations and feelings are analyzed and listed by type. The second has to do with a way to analyze the psyche that follows Jung's concepts. It stresses a group unconscious and a mystical factor in the growth of the personal unconscious. It is unlike the system described by Sigmund Freud. Analytic psychology does not stress the importance of s****l factors on early mental growth. The best understanding of Carl Jung and his views regarding the collective unconscious are best understood in understanding the man and his influences.

    • Word count: 1420

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